Contributions Of Selected Non-Timber Forest Products To Community Livelihoods In Taraba State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) have been identified to contribute to community

livelihoods. Such contributions are people as well as site specific and may be shortlived

if continuous availability cannot be guaranteed. Information on the role of

NTFPs in community livelihoods is crucial to their sustainable management; however,

this role has not been properly documented in Taraba State. Therefore, contributions of

selected NTFPs to community livelihoods in Taraba State were investigated.

A four-stage sampling procedure was used in the study. Three Local Government

Areas (LGAs) were randomly selected from each of the three existing Agro-ecological

zones (AEZs) in Taraba State. Five wards from each LGA and 30 household heads

(HHHs), using 30% sampling intensity were then randomly selected to give a total of

1,350 HHHs. Five sets of questionnaire were administered to 435 Harvesters, 188

Livestock Managers (LMs), 338 Marketers, 327 Building and Energy materials

Suppliers (BEMSr) and 62 Medicinal Herbs Collectors (MHCs). The NTFPs were

identified and prioritised. Contributions of selected NTFPs to community livelihoods

were evaluated using Food, Livestock Feed (LF), Income and Employment Generation

(IEG), Building and Energy Material Supplies (BEMS) and Medicinal Herbs

Utilisation (MHU) as indices of livelihoods. Data were analysed using descriptive

statistics, t-test, Chi-square and logistic regression at α0.05.

Two hundred and six NTFPs were identified. Ten species having priority for

community livelihoods were Afzelia africana (35), Balanites aegyptiaca (34.5),

Vitellaria paradoxa (34), Parkia biglobosa (33.5), Irvingia gabonensis (33), Xylopia

aethiopica (32.5), Faidherbia albida (32), Adansonia digitata (32), Brachystegia

eurycoma (32), and Elaeis guineensis (31.5). Forty-six species of NTFPs were used as

Food (36 trees, 3 shrubs, 7 herbs), twenty-four as BEMSr (17 trees, 3 shrubs, 4 herbs)

and twenty-nine for MHU (24 trees, 2 shrubs, 3 herbs). The two hundred and six

NTFPs belong to forty-four families. The NTFPs contributed N2,0651197.43 to

Harvesters, N1,523.18977.71 to LMs, N4, 882.063391.75 to Marketers, N1,

268.472023.61 to BEMSr and N1, 553.231062.74 to MHU as income/month. The

NTFPs contributions to community livelihoods were: 34.1% (food) 14.9% (LF);

22.9% (IEG); 22.8% (BEMS) and 5.3% (MHU). Community livelihoods significantly

depended on NTFPs (χ2 = 94.83). Harvesters’ occupation (6.25), age (9.22), monthly

income (2.13), AEZ (1.77), sex (1.65), educational status (1.22) and main forest based

activities (1.21) are likely to influence their dependence on NTFPs for livelihood. The

AEZs (6.88), sex (5.85) and age (4.09) of LMs are likely to influence their dependence

on NTFPs, while monthly income (7.99), AEZ (6.28), sex (2.01) and educational status

(1.63) of marketers are likely to influence their dependence on NTFPs for livelihood.

Also, AEZ (1.98) and monthly income (1.31) are likely to influence BEMS

dependence on NTFPs, while age (4.87), sex (6.84) and AEZ (4.29) are likely to

influence MHC dependence on NTFPs for livelihood.

UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN LIBRARY

iii

Ten of the identified 206 Non-Timber Forest Products significantly enhanced

livelihood status in Taraba State. These species are however under pressure due to

multiple usage, which have implication for their sustainable management. In situ

conservation is therefore recommended to mitigate the pressure on them.

Keywords: Household income generation, Community livelihoods, Priority tree

species, Forest products.

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APA

SABO, Z (2021). Contributions Of Selected Non-Timber Forest Products To Community Livelihoods In Taraba State, Nigeria. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/contributions-of-selected-non-timber-forest-products-to-community-livelihoods-in-taraba-state-nigeria-2

MLA 8th

SABO, ZAKU "Contributions Of Selected Non-Timber Forest Products To Community Livelihoods In Taraba State, Nigeria" Afribary. Afribary, 12 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/contributions-of-selected-non-timber-forest-products-to-community-livelihoods-in-taraba-state-nigeria-2. Accessed 23 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

SABO, ZAKU . "Contributions Of Selected Non-Timber Forest Products To Community Livelihoods In Taraba State, Nigeria". Afribary, Afribary, 12 Apr. 2021. Web. 23 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/contributions-of-selected-non-timber-forest-products-to-community-livelihoods-in-taraba-state-nigeria-2 >.

Chicago

SABO, ZAKU . "Contributions Of Selected Non-Timber Forest Products To Community Livelihoods In Taraba State, Nigeria" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 23, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/contributions-of-selected-non-timber-forest-products-to-community-livelihoods-in-taraba-state-nigeria-2

Document Details
ZAKU SABO Field: Forest Resources Type: Thesis 156 PAGES (41020 WORDS) (pdf)