Copy Number Variation Of Gtp Cyclohydrolase 1 (Gch1) Gene And Its Impact On Antifolate Drug Resistance Of Plasmodium Falciparum In Ghana

ABSTRACT As part of the malaria control measures in Ghana, sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) is used as an Intermittent Preventive Treatment (IPTp) among pregnant women and now as a seasonal chemoprophylaxis (SMC) in children on pilot basis. However, parasite resistance to the drug has been reported in the country and this has been linked to point mutations in the dhps (dihydroptoreate synthase) and dhfr (dihydrofolate reductase) genes, the targets of SP. There is also an evidence of amplification of GTP cyclohydrolase 1 (gch1) gene, which codes for the first enzyme in the parasite denovo folate pathway, amongst parasites which harbor the highest SP resistance point mutation (164L) in South East Asia. These point mutations make the parasites less fit, but the acquisition of multiple copies of the gch1 gene may compensate for this fitness cost. This study sought to determine the prevalence and effects of Pfgch1 copy number variations (CNV) on SP resistance amongst clinical isolates in Ghana. Two hundred and two (202) blood samples collected from children aged 14 years and below, with uncomplicated malaria presenting at health centres in Accra, Kintampo, Cape coast, and Navrongo were used in this study. Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and RT qPCR were used to estimate the copy numbers and expression levels respectively. The pfdhps and pfdhfr regions were PCR amplified and directly sequenced. Almost ninety-three percent (92.6%) and 7.4% of the parasite isolates harbored single and double copies of the gch1 gene respectively. Duplication of gch1 gene was independent of the different study sites (P=0.696). Point mutations at dhfr108N (P

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APA

OSEI, M (2021). Copy Number Variation Of Gtp Cyclohydrolase 1 (Gch1) Gene And Its Impact On Antifolate Drug Resistance Of Plasmodium Falciparum In Ghana. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/copy-number-variation-of-gtp-cyclohydrolase-1-gch1-gene-and-its-impact-on-antifolate-drug-resistance-of-plasmodium-falciparum-in-ghana

MLA 8th

OSEI, MUSAH "Copy Number Variation Of Gtp Cyclohydrolase 1 (Gch1) Gene And Its Impact On Antifolate Drug Resistance Of Plasmodium Falciparum In Ghana" Afribary. Afribary, 11 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/copy-number-variation-of-gtp-cyclohydrolase-1-gch1-gene-and-its-impact-on-antifolate-drug-resistance-of-plasmodium-falciparum-in-ghana. Accessed 23 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

OSEI, MUSAH . "Copy Number Variation Of Gtp Cyclohydrolase 1 (Gch1) Gene And Its Impact On Antifolate Drug Resistance Of Plasmodium Falciparum In Ghana". Afribary, Afribary, 11 Apr. 2021. Web. 23 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/copy-number-variation-of-gtp-cyclohydrolase-1-gch1-gene-and-its-impact-on-antifolate-drug-resistance-of-plasmodium-falciparum-in-ghana >.

Chicago

OSEI, MUSAH . "Copy Number Variation Of Gtp Cyclohydrolase 1 (Gch1) Gene And Its Impact On Antifolate Drug Resistance Of Plasmodium Falciparum In Ghana" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 23, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/copy-number-variation-of-gtp-cyclohydrolase-1-gch1-gene-and-its-impact-on-antifolate-drug-resistance-of-plasmodium-falciparum-in-ghana