Maternal mortality has seen a significant decline in Ghana over last decade. Stakeholders and
government continue to invest in strategic policies aimed to further decrease the ratio of maternal
mortality. To achieve the desired results, interventions must be tailored toward specific factors in
order to further strengthen the remedy to this health menace. Even though, there has been a decline
over the years, international target and standards yet to be achieved.
Analysis of data from the 2007 and 2017 Ghana Maternal Health Survey was done to determine
prevalence of maternal mortality from these separate surveys. Analysis of the separate and
combined data from the surveys was performed to ascertain the factors that influenced maternal
mortality in 2007 and 2017. To be able to determine the effect of decline in the distribution and
the actual effect size which contributed to the outcome, a multivariate decomposition analysis was
employed to arrive at endowment and coefficient that explained factors that contributed or
otherwise to the decline in maternal mortality over the period.
Prevalence of maternal mortality was estimated in 2007 to 9.15% (95% CI: 7.99 – 10.46). The
outcome declined in 2017 to 1.51. With a percentage point decrease of 7.64%, the prevalence for
the combined data for 2007 and 2017 was estimated to be 4.03% (95% CI: 3.65 – 4.45). The
changes (decline) in prevalence among all the variables considered in this study were significant
with p-values <0.001. The actual effect size of variables such as place of residence (urban), low
parity (0-2), middle/JHS education and women who attempted abortion added to the decline
(negative) of maternal mortality over 2007 and 2017.
Provision of quality maternal healthcare in rural settings of Ghana should be improved to make
maternal healthcare services readily available in rural areas to further reduce the prevalence of
maternal mortality among women living in rural communities in Ghana. Education levels of
women were identified to be associated with maternal mortality.
Edu, F (2021). Determinants Of All-Cause Maternal Mortality In Ghana: A Multivariate Decomposition Analysis Of 2007 And 2017 Ghana Maternal Health Surveys. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 10, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/determinants-of-all-cause-maternal-mortality-in-ghana-a-multivariate-decomposition-analysis-of-2007-and-2017-ghana-maternal-health-surveys
Frontiers, Edu. "Determinants Of All-Cause Maternal Mortality In Ghana: A Multivariate Decomposition Analysis Of 2007 And 2017 Ghana Maternal Health Surveys" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 27 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/determinants-of-all-cause-maternal-mortality-in-ghana-a-multivariate-decomposition-analysis-of-2007-and-2017-ghana-maternal-health-surveys . Accessed 10 May. 2021.
Frontiers, Edu. "Determinants Of All-Cause Maternal Mortality In Ghana: A Multivariate Decomposition Analysis Of 2007 And 2017 Ghana Maternal Health Surveys". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 27 Apr. 2021. Web. 10 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/determinants-of-all-cause-maternal-mortality-in-ghana-a-multivariate-decomposition-analysis-of-2007-and-2017-ghana-maternal-health-surveys >.
Frontiers, Edu. "Determinants Of All-Cause Maternal Mortality In Ghana: A Multivariate Decomposition Analysis Of 2007 And 2017 Ghana Maternal Health Surveys" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 10, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/determinants-of-all-cause-maternal-mortality-in-ghana-a-multivariate-decomposition-analysis-of-2007-and-2017-ghana-maternal-health-surveys