Determination Of Activity Concentrations Of Natural Radionuclides And Radiation Hazard Indices In The Sediments Of Ogun River

The Public Access Library OKEYODE ITUNU COMFORT 205 PAGES (49014 WORDS) Thesis
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ABSTRACT

River sediments are known to contain natural radionuclides, the concentrations of which if beyond certain limits can cause adverse health effects. The sediments from Ogun river provide large quantities of sand for construction purposes in Nigeria. Despite this, data are scarce on the natural radionuclides: 40K, 226Ra and 232Th distribution in the river sediments. This work was aimed at determining the spatial distribution of these natural radionuclides and their concentrations in the sediments of Ogun river, and to evaluate the radiological implications on the population living in houses built with the river sediments.

A total of 320 sediment samples were randomly collected along the course of the river; 60 in the upper region (Igboho to Idi- Ata; Oyo – Ogun axis), 90 in the middle region (Olopade to Mile 8 Oba; Ogun –Lagos axis) and 170 in the lower region (Abata to Apa Osa; Lagos axis). The number of samples collected in each region was determined by accessibility. The samples were air dried, pulverized and sieved using a 2 mm mesh size. Two hundred and fifty grams of the sieved samples were transferred into plastic containers of uniform sizes, sealed and left for 4 weeks to attain secular radioactive equilibrium. The activity concentrations of the natural radionuclides in the samples were determined using gamma-ray spectrometer comprising 76mm x 76mm NaI(Tl) detector coupled to a multichannel analyser. These concentrations together with standard equations were used to evaluate indoor effective dose rates, radium equivalent, external and internal hazard indices, representative gamma index and Excess Lifetime Cancer Risks (ELCR) and results were compared with available data from India, Egypt and Turkey. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics.

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APA

The Public Access, L (2021). Determination Of Activity Concentrations Of Natural Radionuclides And Radiation Hazard Indices In The Sediments Of Ogun River. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 10, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/determination-of-activity-concentrations-of-natural-radionuclides-and-radiation-hazard-indices-in-the-sediments-of-ogun-river

MLA 8th

Library, The Public Access. "Determination Of Activity Concentrations Of Natural Radionuclides And Radiation Hazard Indices In The Sediments Of Ogun River" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 07 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/determination-of-activity-concentrations-of-natural-radionuclides-and-radiation-hazard-indices-in-the-sediments-of-ogun-river . Accessed 10 Apr. 2021.

MLA7

Library, The Public Access. "Determination Of Activity Concentrations Of Natural Radionuclides And Radiation Hazard Indices In The Sediments Of Ogun River". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 07 Apr. 2021. Web. 10 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/determination-of-activity-concentrations-of-natural-radionuclides-and-radiation-hazard-indices-in-the-sediments-of-ogun-river >.

Chicago

Library, The Public Access. "Determination Of Activity Concentrations Of Natural Radionuclides And Radiation Hazard Indices In The Sediments Of Ogun River" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 10, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/determination-of-activity-concentrations-of-natural-radionuclides-and-radiation-hazard-indices-in-the-sediments-of-ogun-river