Research Papers/Topics in Physics

Design Construction and Characterization of Improved Local Pyranometer for the Measurement of Solar Intensity at Nsukka.

CONTENTS CHAPTER Acknowledgement Dedication Abstract INTRODUCTION The b!eed For Harnessing Solar Enera Fundaments 1 Concep t;s of Solar Radia tion Origin of Solar Radiation Ex tra-Terres trial Solar Radiation The So lar Cons tan t Spectral Distribution of Extra -Terres trial Solar Radia tion Terrestrial &am Insola tion Diffuse Solar Radiation Importance of Di f fuse Radiation in Pho to -Vol taic Energy Conversion SOUR RADIATIOZ &EASURIEG IETRUEhiTS Radiation Sensors Measurement of Direct Irra...

Interpretation of High Resolution Aeromagnetic Data over Okigwe and some Adjoining Areas, South Eastern Nigeria.

ABSTRACT  Digitized high resolution total field aeromagnetic data over Okigwe and environ (Sheet 312) was interpreted using the standard 3-D Euler de-convolution and spectral analysis in order to determine depth to the magnetic basement, delineate the basement topography and relief, and delineate the trend of the structural features associated with the basin. The aeromagnetic data were subjected to various data enhancement and transformation routines using the Geosoft Oasis MontajTM software...

Fabrication and Capacitive (C-V) Characteristics of Conjugated Polymer Composite (P-PolyanilineN-Wo3) Heterojunction

Abstract A nanocrystalline and porous p-Polyaniline/n-WO3 dissimilar heterojunction at ambient temperature is reported. The high-quality and well-reproducible conjugated polymer composite films have been fabricated by oxidative polymerization of anilinium ion on predeposited WO3 thin film by chemical bath deposition (CBD). X-ray diffraction analysis of the deposited WO3 films revealed that as-deposited film was amorphous; however, an amorphous-to-crystalline phase transition was observed by ...

Measurements of Radiation Doses of Natural Radioactive Material in Oil fields at West Kourdofan

Abstract Scale, sludge and sand samples were collected and analysed using thallium activated sodium iodide NaI(Tl) spectrometer to determine type, activity concentration, absorbed dose rate and annual effective dose of naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) of samples collected from oil fields at West Kourdofan state. Scale radionuclides was found to be, 238U, 232Th and 40K at concentrations ranged from (4106.9 - 358.05) Bq/Kg, (2736.7 - 375.88) Bq/Kg and (9294 - 16.07) Bq/Kg respec...

Optical, Solid State and Structural Characterization of Optimized Grown Thin Films and their Possible Applications in Solar Energy

ABSTRACT Solution growth technique was used to deposit thin films of Manganese Suphide (MnS), Calcium Sulphide (CaS), Magnesium Sulphide (MgS), Barium Sulphide (Bas), Zinc Fluoride (ZnFz) and Calcium Oxide (CaO) on micro-slides (Substrates) at different bath parameters which include temperature, molarity of solution, Volume of solution and water, time of d.eposition and pH. The absorbance, A was measured using spectrophotometer ranging from ultraviolet to visible regions. The Transmittance, ...

Effect of Magnetic Field on the Thermal Conductivity of Single Crystal

ABSTRACT This research investigated the effect of magnetic field on the thermal conductivity of high temperature type II superconductors. The result suggested that the thermal conductivity of high temperature type II superconductor YBa2Cu3O7- decreases as the applied magnetic field increases at a given temperature. We also found out that the superconducting energy gap of YBa2Cu3O7- decreases in response to increasing temperature and applied magnetic field. At a critical temperature of ...

Investigation of Transition Rate B (E2) and Deformation Parameter for Magnesium (12 Mg) Isotopes (22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32) using different interactions

ABSTRACT  In this work, the deformation of nuclei through transitions of nucleons between orbitals was investigated. Transitions of nucleons between orbitals cause deformation of the nuclei, either they are prolate or oblate. The one body transition matrix (OBTM) by using code [email protected], where calculated by using two effective interactions for each the Magnesium isotopes (22,24,26,28,30,32Mg) and in the sd model space. The  reduced transition probabilities B(E2) were calculated by using ...

Geophysical Investigation of Abakaliki Area using Aeromagnetic Method

ABSTRACT  Aeromagnetic data over Abakaliki area of the lower Benue trough of Nigeria was interpreted qualitatively and quantitatively using Oasis montaj software (version: 6.4.2 H.J).The interpretation unveiled basic intrusive bodies like dyke, lacolyte and batholyte in the study area. It also showed fault zone which trends North East to south western (NE-SW) part of the study area. Quantitative interpretation of the area was carried out by source parameter imaging and forward and inverse mo...

Improving Soba Solar Contact Cover for Fixed PV Modules by Using Acrylic Sheets

Abstract  In this research specifications of acrylic plate had been examined to evaluate its reliability to be used as alternative for the glass cover in the SobaSolar fixed PV modules. The maximum power of a fixed PV module composed of × . solar cell panel in outdoor test was found to be about: 3.42 Watts, that is when acrylic cover was attached to the module replacing the normal glass. This results showed that no significant change in the maximum power was made by using acrylic glass cove...

Performance Evaluation of Grid-connected Pv System in Katsina State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study analyzes and compares the simulated performance of a 3.2 kWp grid-connected photovoltaic system. The system is located within coordinate of 12°15’N 7°30’E, at Government Day Secondary School Kofan Yandaka Katsina State Nigeia. The system consists of 14 Mono crystalline silicon modules connected in two strings of 7 seriesconnected modules, each facing north at a fixed tilt of 20° .The simulation is performed using Meteonorm generated weather data. The performance of ...

Construction of X/S Band for Nigeriasat-2 Mission Control Centre and Validation of Data from the Satellite

ABSTRACT A fully automated X/S band Mission Control Centre (MCC) for the Nigeriasat-2 (N2) and Nigeriasat X (NX) satellites was constructed in Abuja. The construction of the MCC consisted of the installation of the appropriate size of antenna and computer systems used for the control of the entire satellite mission. The MCC of N2/NX consists of three main segments: the ground station (GS) used for direct communication link with the satellite, the mission control suit (MCS) used for mission co...

Fabrication and Capacitive Characteristics of Conjugated Polymer Composite (P-Polyaniline/N-Wo3) Heterojunction

Abstract A nanocrystalline and porous p-Polyaniline/n-WO3 dissimilar heterojunction at ambient temperature is reported. The high-quality and well-reproducible conjugated polymer composite films have been fabricated by oxidative polymerization of anilinium ion on predeposited WO3 thin film by chemical bath deposition (CBD). X-ray diffraction analysis of the deposited WO3 films revealed that as-deposited film was amorphous; however, an amorphous-to-crystalline phase transition was observed by r...

Investigation of Magnetic Anomalies of Chibok and Damboa Areas in North Eastern Nigeria, Using High Resolution Aeromagnetic Data

ABSTRACT The aeromagnetic data of Chibok (sheet 134) and Damboa (sheet 112) areas, southern Chad basin were interpreted qualitatively and quantitatively. Spectral Analysis, Source Parameter Imaging (SPI), Standard Euler deconvolution, Forward and Inverse modelling methods were used in the quantitative interpretation with the aim of determining depth to the magnetic source bodies, magnetic susceptibilities and the possible mineralization in the area. Oasis Montaj 6.4.2, WinGlink 1.62.08, Surfe...

Optical, Solid State and Structural Characterization of Optimized Grown Thin Films and Their Possible Applications in Solar Energy

ABSTRACT Solution growth technique was used to deposit thin films of Manganese Suphide (MnS), Calcium Sulphide (CaS), Magnesium Sulphide (MgS), Barium Sulphide (Bas), Zinc Fluoride (ZnFz) and Calcium Oxide (CaO) on micro-slides (Substrates) at different bath parameters which include temperature, molarity of solution, Volume of solution and water, time of d.eposition and pH. The absorbance, A was measured using spectrophotometer ranging from ultraviolet to visible regions. The Transmittance, T...

Phenomenology and Dynamical Evolution of Compact Steep Spectrum Sources

ABSTRACT Statistical, analytical and numerical methods have been used to develop a model for phenomenology and dynamical evolution of Compact Steep Spectrum (CSS) sources through the ambient medium of density, e n , within a characteristic time, T . Results show that the empirical relation between spectral turnover, n p , and D implies that 0.34 n p e ~ n , suggesting that the spectral turnover constitutes a characteristic signature of dense gases around CSS sources. However, since the charac...


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