Disarmament and Human Rights Violation in Karamoja Region: A Case Study of Kotido Town Council, Kotido District, North Eastern Uganda

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION

APPROVAL ii

DEDICATION iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS v

LIST OF TABLES viii

LIST OF ACRONYMS ix

ABSTRACT x

CHAPTER ONE 1

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY 1

1.0 Introduction 1

1.2 Background of the study 1

1.2 Statement of the Problem 5

1.3 Purpose of the study 5

1.4. Objectives of the study 5

1.5. Research questions 6

1.6. Scope of the study 6

1.6.1 Geographical scope 6

1.6.2 contextual Scope 6

1.6.3 Time Scope 6

1.7 Significance of the study 6

1.7.1 To the community 7

1.7.2 To the goverrnnent or policy makers 7

1.7.3 To the researcher 7

CHAPTER TWO 8

LITERATURE REVIEW 8

2.0 Introduction 8

2.1 Conceptual framework 8

2.3.1 Disarmament 8

V

2.2 The Theoretical Framework 9

2.3 Review of Literature 10

2.3.1. Causes of Human Rights violation in the local communities in Kotido town council? 10

2.3.2 Impacts of Disannament on Human Rights violation in Kotido town council2 17

2.3.3 Solutions to Human Rights violation as a result of Disarmament in Kotido town council?21

2.4 Related Studies 22

2.5 Emerging gaps from the literature 23

CHAPTER THREE 24

METHODOLOGY 24

3.0 Introduction 24

3.1 Research design 24

3.2Studyarea 24

3.3 Study population 25

3.4. Sample size 25

3.5 Sampling procedure 26

3.6. Data collection 26

3.7 Data analysis 27

3.8 Ethical considerations 27

3.9 Limitations to the study 27

CHAPTER FOUR 29

PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA 29

4.0 Introduction 29

4.1. Profile of the respondents 29

4.1.1 Sex of the respondents 29

4.1.2. Age of the Respondents 30

4.1.3. Respondent’s qualification 32

4.4. Employment level; 33

4.5. The relationship between Disarmament and Human Rights violations 34

vi

In investigating deeper into the above objective I came up with the research question “Is there

any correlation between Disannarnent and Human Rights violation in Kotido district9 34

4.2. The causes of Human Rights violation in the local communities 35

4.3. The impact of Disarmament on human rights 36

4.4. The solutions to Human Rights violation because of Disarmament 38

4.5. Interpretation of the data 40

ChAPTER FIVE 43

SUMMARY OF MAJOR FINDINGS, CONCLUSSION AND RECCOMMENDATION .43

5.0 Introduction 43

5.1. Summary of major findings 43

5.2. Conclusions 44

5.3. Recommendations 45

5.4 Areas for further research 46

REFERENCES 47

APPENDICES 50

APPENDIX I: QUESTIONNAIRE GUIDE FOR RESPONDENTS 50

APPENDIX II: SCHEDULE OF ACTIVITIES 53

APPENDIX III: FIELD BUDGET 54

ABSTRACT Study was conducted on the Impact of Disannament on Human Rights violations in Kotido town council Kotido District — Karamoja sub region. I decided to carry out on this particular topic due to the prevailing issues on Human Rights violations in the area. The purpose of the study was to examine the Impact of Disarmament on Human Rights violation in Kotido town council. Therefore a sample was drawn to represent the entire population, it consisted of 120 respondents both males and females from various categories and groups such as the rural parishes, education committee, town council technical staff, politicians and the private sector. The study was both quantitative and qualitative, Sampling methods used were simple random sampling using lottery method, stratified random sampling and judgmental method, and the main instruments used for data collection were questionnaires, interviews, observation and focus group discussions. Based on the findings, it was observed in the relationship/correlation between Disarmament and Human Rights violation that Disarmament leads to Arbitrary Searches, Arrests, and Detentions, Torture and ill- treatment, Looting and Destruction of Property, Unlawful Killings and Excessive Use of Force. Looking at the major causes of Human Rights violations during Disarmament exercise, it was found out that the major causes of Human Rights violations during Disannarnent exercise are, Ignorance of the locals over their rights, Absence of strong leadership, Absence of Human Rights commission in the local communities which lead to Torture and death, Thefi and destruction of property among others like, unlawful killings, and arbitrary detention during cordon and search. Later, it was found out that the solution to this is through Re-instating voluntary Disarmament, Punishing the Human Rights violators, and Introducing a neutral body. Lastly I came up with some possible recommendations on areas pertaining Human Rights violations in the district like for example the government has to compensate victims of unlawful killings, torture, ill treatment, arbitrary detention, and looting by the government forces and to set up an independent commission to study the district situation.

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APA

Frontiers, E. & AKWAR, L (2022). Disarmament and Human Rights Violation in Karamoja Region: A Case Study of Kotido Town Council, Kotido District, North Eastern Uganda. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/disarmament-and-human-rights-violation-in-karamoja-region-a-case-study-of-kotido-town-council-kotido-district-north-eastern-uganda

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and LOCHORO AKWAR "Disarmament and Human Rights Violation in Karamoja Region: A Case Study of Kotido Town Council, Kotido District, North Eastern Uganda" Afribary. Afribary, 25 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/disarmament-and-human-rights-violation-in-karamoja-region-a-case-study-of-kotido-town-council-kotido-district-north-eastern-uganda. Accessed 02 Oct. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and LOCHORO AKWAR . "Disarmament and Human Rights Violation in Karamoja Region: A Case Study of Kotido Town Council, Kotido District, North Eastern Uganda". Afribary, Afribary, 25 Aug. 2022. Web. 02 Oct. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/disarmament-and-human-rights-violation-in-karamoja-region-a-case-study-of-kotido-town-council-kotido-district-north-eastern-uganda >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and AKWAR, LOCHORO . "Disarmament and Human Rights Violation in Karamoja Region: A Case Study of Kotido Town Council, Kotido District, North Eastern Uganda" Afribary (2022). Accessed October 02, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/disarmament-and-human-rights-violation-in-karamoja-region-a-case-study-of-kotido-town-council-kotido-district-north-eastern-uganda