Distribution And Vegetation Association Of Grevy’s Zebra (Equus Grevyi) In Tsavo East National Park And The Surrounding Ranchlands

ABSTRACT

Grevy’s zebra (Equus grevyi), the world’s largest wild equine, is endemic to the arid Horn of Africa. Originally, its range extended throughout the Horn of Africa but currently it is found only in Kenya and Ethiopia. The population has declined from 15,000 in the late 1970s to between 1,964 and 2,445 animals by the year 2008. The population declines as report by William and Low (2004) is probably as a result of being killed for meat, medicinal purposes, loss of access to critical resources due to competition with livestock, and increasing scarcity of resources as a result of over-exploitation. The Kenya Wildlife Service is mandated to conserve and manage Grevy’s zebra in Kenya. However, this mandate is hampered by lack of information on the Grevy’s zebra distribution and vegetation association in Tsavo East National Park and the surrounding ranchlands. This study, therefore, investigated the distribution and vegetation association of Grevy’s zebra in Tsavo East National Park and the surrounding ranchlands. Grevy’s zebra distribution data was collected using a sampling route method. This involved driving along the roads and recording data of Grevy’s zebra. Recorded data included the date, time, Global positioning system (GPS) locations of Grevy’s zebra and their numbers seen in Tsavo East National Park and the ranchlands surrounded by the Park. GPS locations of both natural and artificial water pans where Grevy’s zebra were found were also recorded. Grevy’s zebra vegetation preferences were studied by analyzing land cover maps generated from satellite images. Vegetation selection index was used to asses the most preferred vegetations by Grevy’s zebra. The association between Grevy’s zebra and their vegetation types was assessed using Chi-square test. Distribution of Grevy’s zebra was determined by projecting the Grevy’s zebra GPS locations in ArcGIS. Point pattern analysis was used to asses the distribution patterns of Grevy’s zebra and Pearson correlation was used to test the relationship between Grevy’s zebra locations and distance to water pans. Results showed that Grevy’s zebra live in groups with mean group size of 9.5±3.08. Ninety five percent of Grevy’s zebra locations were found in ranchlands and five percent in Tsavo East National Park. Distribution patterns were clustered R

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APA

MWAZO, A (2021). Distribution And Vegetation Association Of Grevy’s Zebra (Equus Grevyi) In Tsavo East National Park And The Surrounding Ranchlands. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/distribution-and-vegetation-association-of-grevy-s-zebra-equus-grevyi-in-tsavo-east-national-park-and-the-surrounding-ranchlands

MLA 8th

MWAZO, ALEXANDER "Distribution And Vegetation Association Of Grevy’s Zebra (Equus Grevyi) In Tsavo East National Park And The Surrounding Ranchlands" Afribary. Afribary, 01 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/distribution-and-vegetation-association-of-grevy-s-zebra-equus-grevyi-in-tsavo-east-national-park-and-the-surrounding-ranchlands. Accessed 28 May. 2024.

MLA7

MWAZO, ALEXANDER . "Distribution And Vegetation Association Of Grevy’s Zebra (Equus Grevyi) In Tsavo East National Park And The Surrounding Ranchlands". Afribary, Afribary, 01 Jun. 2021. Web. 28 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/distribution-and-vegetation-association-of-grevy-s-zebra-equus-grevyi-in-tsavo-east-national-park-and-the-surrounding-ranchlands >.

Chicago

MWAZO, ALEXANDER . "Distribution And Vegetation Association Of Grevy’s Zebra (Equus Grevyi) In Tsavo East National Park And The Surrounding Ranchlands" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 28, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/distribution-and-vegetation-association-of-grevy-s-zebra-equus-grevyi-in-tsavo-east-national-park-and-the-surrounding-ranchlands