Research Papers/Topics in Animal Science

Development of Monoclonal Antibody-Based Assays for Detection and Differentiation of Trypanosome Species in The Tsetse Fly (Glossina Spp.)

Abstract Diagnosis of trypanosome infections in tsetse (Glossina spp.) is currently based on dissection and microscopic examination of different organs of the vector for the presence of infecting trypanosomes. This procedure is slow and labour intensive, and it is not accurate. The work reported in this thesis was conducted with the objective of developing a field applicable, monoclonal antibody (MoAb)-based assay for the detection of, and differentiation between trypanosome species in infect...

The Biology and Ecology of Macrchischoides Aculeatus (Hymekqptsra 8 Formic Idas) In Cocoa Farms in (Siana

ABSTRACT The ecology and biology of ijacromigcholdes aculeatus have been studied# The ant vas found to be widely distributed in southern (Sham and its distribution overlapped that of the forest zone. In cocoa farms it occurred sore casaonly and more abundantly in areas vdth dense shade than in &reas of +Mn shade. Light, predators, haaoptera and food availability were found to influence its distribution. It was found to be largely crepusacular and nocturnal. M. aculeatus has bean found to be ...

Feed Intake and Utilization of Sodium Hydroxide-Treated Rice Straw as Affected by Supplements of Cassava Peels and Treated Water Hyacinth

ABSTRACT Several strategies such as chemical treatment and supplementation have been used in an attempt to improve the quality of rice straw as a feed for livestock. Protein and energy supplementation has been shown to improve the nutritive value of straw. Three experiments were conducted on the hypothesis that ensiled water hyacinth, with or without cassava peels, will enhance the utilization of the basal diet of NaOH-treated rice straw and addition of dried cassava peels to ensiled water hy...

On Farm Introduction of Some Dry Season Feeding Strategies to Cattle Farmers On the Accra Plains of Ghana and The Response of Cattle to These Strategies.

ABSTRACT A baseline survey and three (3) experiments (one (1) on-farm and two (2) on-station) were conducted in a study to introduce some dry season feeding strategies to cattle farmers in the Accra Plains. The baseline survey was carried out in the Dangbe East and West Districts of the Accra Plains for two main reasons: (i) to ascertain the reasons why cattle farmers had not adopted dry season feeding strategies which had been known in Ghana for some time and, (ii) to find out the types of ...

OIL PRICE VOLATILITY AND INFLATION LEVEL IN NIGERIA: AN EXPONENTIAL GARCH APPROACH

AbstractOver the years, expenditures of public and private sectors are regulated by the activities in the oil and gas industry. The budget of Nigeria is hinged on the international price of crude oil and any shock on oil price affects the general activities in the country. With quarterly data from the period of 1981Q1 to 2020Q2, the study uses an exponential generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity approach to examine oil price volatility and inflation level in Nigeria....

Studies On The Utilization Of Urea- Ammoniated Straw And Urea-Molasses Block Supplement As Dry Season Feed Stuffs By Siieep In Ghana

ABSTRACTThree experiments were undertaken to evaluate the nutritive value of urea ammoniated rice straw and urea-molasses block supplement for dry season feeding to sheep.Experiment One compared the feeding value of untreated straw (US), ammoniated straw (AS) and urea-molasses block supplemented straw (UMBS). Three fistulated and three "intact" sheep were assigned to a two 3 x 3 Latin Square designed.Parameters investigated include dry matter intake, lightweight changes and nutrient dig...

NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT OF Pennisetum purpureum schumach AS INFLUENCED BY MANURE APPLICATION AND AGE AT HARVEST

ABSTRACTThe present study evaluated the acceptability of Pennisetum purpureum by WAD sheep as influenced by manure application. Eighteen West African Dwarf (WAD) rams aged 12 and 13 months old with weights ranging between 10-15kg were used for the study and they were tagged for easy identification. There were six (6) treatment groups of three animals each. The animals were dewormed and dipped to destroy both internal and external parasites before the experiment. The pens were disinfecte...

Assessment Of Water Quality And Fish Producivity In Three Undrainable Reservoirs Of Naromoru, Nyeri County, Kenya

AbstractNaromoru is a semi-arid area located on the leeward side of Mt. Kenya, and has more than 15 small sized reservoirs constructed to provide water for livestock, irrigation and domestic use. To increase their usefulness, some reservoirs have been stocked with fish, even though no studies have been carried out to establish their suitability and potential for fish culture. This study therefore aimed at assessing the water quality, fish food availability and fisheries productivity of three ...

Determination of Best Time to Introduce Finisher Diets in Broiler Chickens in Humid Tropics.

ABSTRACTThis experiment was conducted to determine the best time to introduce finisher diets in the humid tropics. Four treatments (3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th week) were tried in this study that lasted for 9 weeks. A total of one hundred and eighty birds were used for the experiment. The birds were randomly assigned into 4 treatments that were replicated three times with 15 birds in each replicate. The following were measured, growth performance, carcass quality and cost benefit analysis. ...

Distribution And Vegetation Association Of Grevy’s Zebra (Equus Grevyi) In Tsavo East National Park And The Surrounding Ranchlands

ABSTRACTGrevy’s zebra (Equus grevyi), the world’s largest wild equine, is endemic to the arid Horn of Africa. Originally, its range extended throughout the Horn of Africa but currently it is found only in Kenya and Ethiopia. The population has declined from 15,000 in the late 1970s to between 1,964 and 2,445 animals by the year 2008. The population declines as report by William and Low (2004) is probably as a result of being killed for meat, medicinal purposes, loss of access to critical ...

The Effect of Forage to Concentrate Ratios on the Performance of West African Dwarf Goats

ABSTRACTThe effect of forage to concentrate ratios on the peiformance of West African Dwarf (WAD) goats was studied at the Livestock Unit of the Federal University of Agriculture, Umudike for 56 days to determine the optimum combination of forage to concentrate ratio that best support the growth of goat. Twelve WAD goats comprising eight castrated bucks and four does aged between 4 -6 months and weighing between 4.0kg to 8.0kg with an average weight of 6.17kg were&nbs...

A Genetic Approach To The Management And Conservation Of The Hartebeest (Alcelaphus Buselaphus) In Kenya

ABSTRACT A lot of effort is put on 'proximate' threats to conservation, overlooking the 'ultimate' conservation goals in the process. Ultimately, attempts need to be made to conserve not just individuals or populations, but processes that have been on-going over vast geographical space and long evolutionary time, such as gene flow and natural selection. So far, little is known about these historical processes that decisions affecting the management of species in fragmented landscapes ar...

Effects Of Land Use And Seasonality On The Distribution Of Mayflies And Water Quality Along Thika River, Kenya.

ABSTRACTMayfly order (Ephemeroptera) is a widely distributed taxon that is used commonly in the biological assessment of water quality due to its sensitivity to changes in water quality. Despite its values in water quality assessment, studies on the taxa are still very scanty in most tropical countries, including Kenya. Water quality deterioration remains a vital threat in most rivers. The primary objective of this study, was therefore to investigate the spatial and temporal changes in commun...

Amino Acid Reference Values For Selected Feedstuffs Used In The Nigerian Poultry Industry

ABSTRACT The main objective of this study was to establish reference protein composition values for selected local feedstuffs such as dry brewers spent grain (DBSG), cassava meal (CAM), palm kernel cake (PKC) and groundnut cake (GNC) for the Nigerian feed industry by determining amino acids profiles and amino acids compositional quality scores. The selected local feedstuffs were each sourced from five locations from northern and southern parts of Nigeria such that there were five sample...

Effects Of Dietary Selenium Supplementation On Reproductive Performance Of Sows

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary selenium (se) supplementationon the reproductive performance of sows, preweaning growth performance of their piglets,haematological and antioxidant status of pigs. Twelve (12) crossbred sows (Landrace × LargeWhite) aged 1-2 years with an average body weight (BW) of 56.1 ± 5kg were randomlyallotted to four treatment groups of three sows per treatment in a completely randomiseddesign (CRD). The treatment groups comp...


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