Research Papers/Topics in Animal Science

ETHICS AND BIOETHICS, THE CURRENT TREND IN BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH

SUMMARY The number of animals used in research has increased with the advancement of research and development in recent time. The pain, distress and death experienced by these animals during scientific experiments have been a debating issue for a longtime. Argument is that being alive, animals have the rights against pain and distress and hence, their use for experimentation is unethical and must be stopped. Besides the major concern of ethics, there are few more disadvantages of an...

Pork Supply, Marketing and Challenges in Ethiopia

Abstract The study was conducted to characterize pork and pork products marketing and challenges in Ethiopia.  Multistage  random  sampling  procedure  was  applied  to  select  a  total  of  40  pork retailers  from  six  towns.  Structured  questionnaire  was  used  to  collect  information  through face to face interview. Pork retailers were clustered into three cate...

Growth Performance, Haematology and Blood Serum Chemistry of Weaner Rabbits Fed Parboiled-Sundried False Yam (Icacina Tricantha) Meal at Varying Replacement Level for Maize

A seven-week feeding trial was conducted at the Rabbitary Unit of the Teaching and Research Farm, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma to evaluate the growth performance, hematology and serum biochemistry of 15 unsexed weaner rabbits fed varying levels of Parboiled sundried false yam (Icacina tricantha) meal. Five treatments were formulated with diet one containing 100% maize as control, while in diet two, three, four and five parboiled sundried false yam meal replaced the percentage proportion of...

EFFECT OF REPLACING MAIZE WITH VARYING LEVELS OF CASSAVA GRIT ON THE HAEMATOLOGY AND SERUM BIOCHEMISTRY OF STARTING COCKERELS

A sixteen week trial was conducted to assess the effect of replacing cassava grit (CG) formaize on the haematology and serum biochemistry of 120 “day old” Harco cockerelchickens. Four experimental cockerel starter and finisher diets were formulated withformulated to contain 0% cassava grit while diet 2, 3 and 4 were formulated to containcassava grit at 33.3, 66.6 and 100% replacement for maizeto the four treatment diets in a completely randomized designed (CRD). Haindices assayed revealed...

Effect of Graded Levels of Maize Cob Meal as Replacement for Dietary Maize on the Carcass Characteristics of Growing Rabbits

ABSTRACTA feeding trial was conducted with thirty (30) weaner rabbits with average weight of 355.00g of mixed breed (New Zealand X American Chinchilla) and mixed sexes to investigate the nutritive potentials of maize cob meal (MCM). Thirty mixed breed rabbits were used and randomly assigned to treatment T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 in which MCM replaced maize at 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20% weight for weight respectively at the rate of six (6) rabbits per dietary treatment. Results of preliminary (analytica...

EFFECT OF WOOD ASH TREATMENT ON CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF CASHEW NUT SHELL

         ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to investigate the effect of wood ash solution on chemical composition of cashew nut shell. Approximately 200g, 400g, and 600g of wood ash were weighed into separate plastic containers. 1 litre of the wood ash solution containing 200g, 400g, 600g and 0g of wood ash respectively was used to soak 200g of the milled cashew nut shell for 24 hrs to make four treatment, which was replicated thrice in a complete randomized design. Result showed th...

BIOMASS YIELD AND NUTRITIVE QUALITY OF TWO GRASSES IN THE NATURAL PASTURES AS AFFECTED BY CUTTING HEIGHT AND INTERVAL IN ABEOKUTA

ABSTRACT This  experiment  was  conducted  to  study  the  effects  of  cutting  height  and  interval  on  the biomass  yield  and  nutritive  quality  of  Andropogon  tectorum  Schumach  and  Panicum maximum  Jacq.  in  the  natural  pasture  at  the  Federal  University  of  Agriculture,  Abeokuta from  Octo...

METHANE PRODUCTION AND IN VITRO DRY MATTER DIGESTIBILITY OF WAD SHEEP FED GRADED MORINGA LEAF MEAL BASED DIETS

ABSTRACTThis study carried out in Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta evaluates the feeding value of M. oleifera leaf meal-based (MOLM) concentrate as supplement for West African dwarf (WAD) sheep production. Five dietary concentrates were formulated with M. oleifera included at 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% of concentrate diet and chemical composition of the diets was determined using 25 WAD sheep (r=5). Results showed that diet with 20% MOLM inclusion had the highest CP content (21.60%),...

Dry season effects on the biomass yield and nutritive quality of Andropogon tectorum in the natural pastures in Abeokuta, Nigeria

Dry  season effects  on the  biomass  yield  and  nutritive quality  of  Andropogon tectorum  in the  natural  pastures  in Abeokuta,  Nigeria 

The Effects of Partial Replacement of Maize with Ripe Plantain Peels Meal on the Performance of Broiler Chicken

This is a project work which dealt with replacement of a non conventional one to a conventional one. The title is " The effects of partial replacement of maize with ripe plantain peels meal on the performance of broiler chickens " . the result showed that there was no significant difference with birds fed 50%rppm and birds fed the control diet (100%maize) . This shows that maize can be partially replaced at 50% by ripe plantain peels meal on broilers diet.

EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF SPACING ON THE GROWTH AND YIELD OF CELOSIA ARGENTEA BY

Overview:This project work was carried out to determine the effect of different spacing on the growth and yield of celosia argentea. The parameters considered for the experiment include plant height, leaf length, numbers of leaves and population of perforated leaves per plant, taken at 3, 5 and 7 weeks after planting. It was observed that the beds treated with spacing of 30cm x 30cm performed better in terms of growth and yield rate, followed by the beds treated with spacing of 20cm x 20cm. I...

Changes in growth, digestibility and gut anatomy by broilers fed diets containing ethanol- treated castor oil seed (Ricinus communis L.) meal.

ABSTRACTEight weeks feeding trial was conducted to investigate the chemical composition, growth response, apparent nutrient digestibility, gut characteristics and morphology of broiler chickens fed four diets containing ethanol-treated castor oil seed meal (ECAM). Two hundred day-old Anak 2000 broiler chicks were then allotted to the four experimental diets containing ECAM at 0, 100, 150 and 200 g/kg, respectively. Each treatment was replicated five times with 10 birds per replicate. The fina...