Diversity, distribution, tissue culture and value addition of Strychnos species in Central and North-East Districts of Botswana

Abstract:

Strychnos is a widely varied genus from the Loganiaceae family with over 200 species

identified worldwide. Most of these species are drought tolerant and used for many things

such as food, medicine, tools, and ornaments. In Botswana, 7 Strychnos species have been

reported, two of them (S. cocculoides and S. spinosa) have been declared as endangered. In

this study, five Strychnos species were identified morphologically and through molecular

genetics. Their distribution and abundance were studied in the Central District and North East Districts of Botswana. A fruit pulp-based product was also developed, on which sensory

and preference tests were performed. Sterile and non-sterile propagation methods for the

Strychnos species were also developed.

This study revealed that the morphological and molecular classification using four molecular

markers; a nuclear ribosomal marker (ITS 2) and three plastid markers (trnS-trnG IGS, matK,

and rbcL) were consistent. They both revealed that S. cocculoides and S. spinosa are more

closely related to each other than all the other members. S. madagascariensis was more

closely related to S. innocua. S. pungens was more related to the latter group than the former.

Therefore, both morphology and molecular markers can be used to distinguish the species.

This study also revealed that all the 5 Strychnos species are found in the Central District,

while only 3 were recorded in the North-East District. The Strychnos species in both districts

are facing similar challenges such as climate change, elephants, urbanization, village

expansion and threats from other anthropogenic activities. Five fruit jams were produced

using fruit pulp from the species, and panelists did not show significant differences (P>0.05)

in preference of the Strychnos jams compared amongst each other. However, S. cocculoides

and S. spinosa jams performed better in the sensory evaluations, in attributes such as

spreadability and lack of aftertaste. A preference test that included S. cocculoides and S.

spinosa jams along with 4 commercially produced fruit jams revealed that the 2 Strychnos

jams were amongst the number 1 preferred by the panelists. Therefore, these jams have

market potential. In this study additionally, sterile Strychnos seedlings of all the species were

propagated using embryo culture. This method had a significantly (P

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APA

Willie, M (2024). Diversity, distribution, tissue culture and value addition of Strychnos species in Central and North-East Districts of Botswana. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/diversity-distribution-tissue-culture-and-value-addition-of-strychnos-species-in-central-and-north-east-districts-of-botswana

MLA 8th

Willie, Marenga "Diversity, distribution, tissue culture and value addition of Strychnos species in Central and North-East Districts of Botswana" Afribary. Afribary, 30 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/diversity-distribution-tissue-culture-and-value-addition-of-strychnos-species-in-central-and-north-east-districts-of-botswana. Accessed 25 May. 2024.

MLA7

Willie, Marenga . "Diversity, distribution, tissue culture and value addition of Strychnos species in Central and North-East Districts of Botswana". Afribary, Afribary, 30 Mar. 2024. Web. 25 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/diversity-distribution-tissue-culture-and-value-addition-of-strychnos-species-in-central-and-north-east-districts-of-botswana >.

Chicago

Willie, Marenga . "Diversity, distribution, tissue culture and value addition of Strychnos species in Central and North-East Districts of Botswana" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 25, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/diversity-distribution-tissue-culture-and-value-addition-of-strychnos-species-in-central-and-north-east-districts-of-botswana

Document Details
Marenga, Willie Field: Botany Type: Paper 123 PAGES (26391 WORDS) (pdf)