Effectiveness Of Natural Wetland In Waste Water Treatment: A Case Study Of Tibia Wetland, Limuru Municipality, Kenya.

ABSTRACT

Information on wetland function in waste water treatment is very important as the

information can be used to detect undesirable qualities of water. The aim of the

study was to assess the effectiveness of natural wetlands in the treatment of waste

water. The study was carried out for a period of four months (November 2012 to

February 2013). The objectives of the study was to find out the physico-chemical

parameters of water from Limuru water and Sewerage Company and Bata Shoes

Company before entering the wetland and after passing through the wetland, and

whether there was a significant difference between the physico-chemical

characteristics of water before and after passing through the wetland. Sampling was

done during the day and samples analyzed within four hours after sample

collection. The parameters whose concentrations were determined included pH,

electrical conductivity, temperature, BOD, TDS, TS, TSS, DO, phosphate,

chromium and nitrate. Data was analyzed using Anova, Microsoft excel program,

T-Test (2 tailed). The study revealed that for most of the parameters understudy

there was a decrease in their concentration after the water passed through the

wetland except for DO and pH. From T-Test (2-tailed) analysis, it was noted that

there was a significant difference between the levels of BOD, TSS, TS, TDS,

conductivity, Nitrate-Nitrogen, phosphate and chromium before entering the

wetland and after passing through the wetland. DO and pH improved after the

water passed through the wetland. The study revealed that the wetland played a role

in the removal of pollutants where the best performance was obtained at TSS

removal efficiency of 97.67%. BOD, Chromium, Nitrate, Total Solids, and

Phosphate ranged between 50-96% while conductivity and Total Dissolved Solids

were less than 50%. DO increased by 23.4% and pH changed by -0.79% hence the

effluent water was less acidic as compared with influent water. BOD failed to meet

the required NEMA and General standards even after passing through the wetland.

The study concluded that Tibia wetland was effective and had potential in treatment

of the waste water from the discharging facilities. It is recommended that wetlands

can be conserved and used as waste water treatment facility instead of regarding

them as waste land. Measures should be put in place to improve the final effluent

quality to ensure that the levels of the parameters in the effluent are within the

permissible limits. For further research, the plants dominating the study site be

studied so as to find out how they reduce the physico-chemical parameters in waste

water and to see if they can be recommended for use in other treatment sites

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APA

KINYUA, G (2021). Effectiveness Of Natural Wetland In Waste Water Treatment: A Case Study Of Tibia Wetland, Limuru Municipality, Kenya.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/effectiveness-of-natural-wetland-in-waste-water-treatment-a-case-study-of-tibia-wetland-limuru-municipality-kenya

MLA 8th

KINYUA, GITAU "Effectiveness Of Natural Wetland In Waste Water Treatment: A Case Study Of Tibia Wetland, Limuru Municipality, Kenya." Afribary. Afribary, 01 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/effectiveness-of-natural-wetland-in-waste-water-treatment-a-case-study-of-tibia-wetland-limuru-municipality-kenya. Accessed 22 May. 2024.

MLA7

KINYUA, GITAU . "Effectiveness Of Natural Wetland In Waste Water Treatment: A Case Study Of Tibia Wetland, Limuru Municipality, Kenya.". Afribary, Afribary, 01 Jun. 2021. Web. 22 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/effectiveness-of-natural-wetland-in-waste-water-treatment-a-case-study-of-tibia-wetland-limuru-municipality-kenya >.

Chicago

KINYUA, GITAU . "Effectiveness Of Natural Wetland In Waste Water Treatment: A Case Study Of Tibia Wetland, Limuru Municipality, Kenya." Afribary (2021). Accessed May 22, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/effectiveness-of-natural-wetland-in-waste-water-treatment-a-case-study-of-tibia-wetland-limuru-municipality-kenya