Effects Of Selenium And Α-Tocopherol On Quality And Fertilising Ability Of Spermatozoa In Extended Cock Semen

ABSTRACT

Spermatozoon apoptosis in extended semen is a challenge to artificial insemination in

poultry production. Chicken spermatozoa undergo damages in vitro due to lipid

peroxidation among other factors. Extender supplementation with exogenous antioxidants

could mitigate lipid peroxidation and improve semen quality. However, inclusion of

antioxidants such as selenium and α-tocopherol in semen extender to improve quality of

sperm cells has not been adequately documented. Therefore, effects of selenium and α-

tocopherol on quality and fertilising ability of spermatozoa in extended cock semen were

assessed.

Semen samples were collected from fifteen Lohmann breeder cocks aged 30 weeks,

pooled and divided into nine groups. Each group was extended with Ringers Solution

(RS) without antioxidant (T1), RS with α-tocopherol at 25 (T2), 50 (T3), 75 (T4) or

100μgmL-1 (T5) and selenium at 25 (T6), 50 (T7), 75 (T8) or 100μgmL-1 (T9). Another

set of semen was harvested, pooled and extended with RS (TA), RS+25μgmL-1 α-

tocopherol (TB), RS+25μgmL-1 selenium (TC), RS+12.5μgmL-1 α-tocopherol+12.5μgmL-

1 selenium (TD), RS+25μgmL-1 selenium+25μgmL-1 α-tocopherol (TE) were assessed in

vitro and in vivo. All treatments were evaluated at room temperature (RT: 27-29 ᵒC) and

refrigeration (4-6 ᵒC) at interval of 3h until motility dropped below 50%. Spermatozoa

Progressive Motility (SPM), Spermatozoa Liveability (SL), Total Antioxidant Capacity

(TAC, mmol/L) and Lipid Peroxidation (LP, MMDA/l06 Spermatozoa) were determined

using standard procedures. Seventy-five Lohmann breeder hens aged 40 weeks were

divided into five groups and inseminated with each of the treatments under RT and

another seventy-five under refrigeration for the in vivo evaluation. Egg fertility and

hatchability were recorded weekly for four weeks. Data were analysed using descriptive

statistics, correlation and ANOVA at α0.05.

At RT, the highest SPM (91.7±1.1%) and SL (94.5±1.0%) at 3h were recorded in T5 and

least at T7 (78.3±1.1%) and T9 (83.2±1.0%), respectively. The TAC ranged from

2.0±0.14 (T9) to 3.2±0.14 (T5), while LP ranged from 0.5±0.28 (T1) to 2.8±0.28 (T7).

Under refrigeration, SPM was lower in T4 (55.0±0.8%) than other treatments at 6h. The

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highest SL (95.7±1.5%) was recorded in T3 and least in T6 (80.8±1.5%), while TAC was

highest in T9 (2.7±0.07) and least in T1 (1.9±0.07). Effect of α-tocopherol and selenium

combinations under RT was similar among treatments for SPM, SL and LP up to 6h.

Under refrigeration, SPM and SL were highest at TE (95.0±1.9% and 96.5±1.1%,

respectively) and least at TD (76.7±1.9% and 87.0±1.2%, respectively), while TAC and

LP were unaffected by the combinations. At RT, egg fertility was higher at TA

(86.5±7.3%), TC (86.0±7.6%) and TD (82.0±5.0%) than TB (57.0±7.1%) and TE

(72.3±8.7%), while hatchability of set eggs ranged between 40.0±8.8% (TB) and

71.3±10.2% (TC). Fertility positively correlated with hatchability (r=0.95). Under

refrigeration, egg fertility ranged between 35.3±12.4% (TB) and 54.3±10.0% (TD), while

hatchability was lowest at TA (20.3±6.8%) and highest at TD (49.0±14.8%).

α-tocopherol at 100μgmL-1 enhanced cock semen quality, but combination of α-

tocopherol and selenium did not in vitro at room temperature. Selenium inclusion at

25μgmL-1 under room temperature improved hatchability in Lohmann breeder hens.

Keywords: Artificial insemination, Lipid peroxidation, Selenium, α-tocopherol, Egg

fertility.

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APA

LAWANSON, A (2021). Effects Of Selenium And Α-Tocopherol On Quality And Fertilising Ability Of Spermatozoa In Extended Cock Semen. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-selenium-and-a-tocopherol-on-quality-and-fertilising-ability-of-spermatozoa-in-extended-cock-semen-1

MLA 8th

LAWANSON, Adedamola "Effects Of Selenium And Α-Tocopherol On Quality And Fertilising Ability Of Spermatozoa In Extended Cock Semen" Afribary. Afribary, 12 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-selenium-and-a-tocopherol-on-quality-and-fertilising-ability-of-spermatozoa-in-extended-cock-semen-1. Accessed 28 May. 2024.

MLA7

LAWANSON, Adedamola . "Effects Of Selenium And Α-Tocopherol On Quality And Fertilising Ability Of Spermatozoa In Extended Cock Semen". Afribary, Afribary, 12 Apr. 2021. Web. 28 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-selenium-and-a-tocopherol-on-quality-and-fertilising-ability-of-spermatozoa-in-extended-cock-semen-1 >.

Chicago

LAWANSON, Adedamola . "Effects Of Selenium And Α-Tocopherol On Quality And Fertilising Ability Of Spermatozoa In Extended Cock Semen" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 28, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-selenium-and-a-tocopherol-on-quality-and-fertilising-ability-of-spermatozoa-in-extended-cock-semen-1