The duties and responsibilities as well as the work environment of contemporary public
secondary school administrators in Southwestern Nigeria make them vulnerable to high
level of occupational stress. This affects not only their mental and physical health but also
the entire functioning of the secondary school system, raising concern among stakeholders.
Previous studies have identified sources, dimensions and use of some psychological
interventions in managing occupational stress with little or no consideration for the
combined effects of self-concept and emotional intelligence trainings. This study, therefore,
examined the effects of Self-concept Training (SCT) and Emotional Intelligence Training
(EIT) on occupational stress of public secondary school administrators in Southwestern
Nigeria. The moderating effects of self-efficacy and gender were also determined.
The study adopted a pretest-posttest, control group, quasi experimental design using a 3x2x2
factorial matrix. Three non-randomised groups of All Nigerian Confederation of Principals
of Secondary Schools (ANCOPSS) from Oyo (37), Osun (50) and Ogun (34) states were
used. Participants were 47 males and 74 females with a mean age of 54 ± 2 years. The
ANCOPSS groups were assigned to SCT (Oyo), EIT (Ogun) and control (Osun) groups and
the treatment lasted eight weeks. Emotional Intelligence (r=0.97), Self-concept (r=0.88),
Self-efficacy (r=0.79), School Administrator Occupational Stress Indicator (r=0.81) and
School Administrator Stress Management (r=0.77) scales were used for data collection.
Seven hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data were analysed using
Analysis of Covariance, Multiple Classification Analysis and Scheffe post-hoc test.
There was a significant main effect of treatment on occupational stress of participants (F(3;
=.27). The participants in EIT group (𝑥 =18.77) performed better than those in
the SCT (𝑥 =17.37) and the control (𝑥 =13.23) groups. There was also a significant main
effect of self-efficacy on occupational stress (F(2;118)=17.84, ŋ
=.13) but none for gender.
Participants with medium self-efficacy (𝑥 =17.76) performed better than those with low selfefficacy (𝑥 =14.37). There was a significant two-way interaction effect of treatment and selfefficacy on occupational stress (F(2;114)=3.08, ŋ
=.05). However, there were no two-way
interaction effects of treatment and gender, and gender and self-efficacy on occupational
stress. The three-way interaction effect of treatment, gender and self-efficacy was also not
The self-concept training used in Oyo State and the emotional intelligence training
employed in Ogun State were both effective in enhancing occupational stress management
of public secondary school administrators. Therefore, the two strategies should be employed
in assisting school administrators in coping with occupational stress.
The Public Access, L (2021). Effects Of Self-Concept And Emotional Intelligence Training On Occupational Stress Of Public Secondary School Administrators In Southwestern, Nigeria. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 17, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-self-concept-and-emotional-intelligence-training-on-occupational-stress-of-public-secondary-school-administrators-in-southwestern-nigeria
Library, The Public Access. "Effects Of Self-Concept And Emotional Intelligence Training On Occupational Stress Of Public Secondary School Administrators In Southwestern, Nigeria" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 05 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-self-concept-and-emotional-intelligence-training-on-occupational-stress-of-public-secondary-school-administrators-in-southwestern-nigeria . Accessed 17 Apr. 2021.
Library, The Public Access. "Effects Of Self-Concept And Emotional Intelligence Training On Occupational Stress Of Public Secondary School Administrators In Southwestern, Nigeria". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 05 Apr. 2021. Web. 17 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-self-concept-and-emotional-intelligence-training-on-occupational-stress-of-public-secondary-school-administrators-in-southwestern-nigeria >.
Library, The Public Access. "Effects Of Self-Concept And Emotional Intelligence Training On Occupational Stress Of Public Secondary School Administrators In Southwestern, Nigeria" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 17, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-self-concept-and-emotional-intelligence-training-on-occupational-stress-of-public-secondary-school-administrators-in-southwestern-nigeria