Endophytic Colonization of Onions Induces Resistance Against Viruliferous Thrips and Virus Replication

Abstract:

In agricultural ecosystems, insect pests, pathogens, weather patterns, and reduced soil fertility pose major challenges to crop productivity and are responsible for significant yield losses worldwide. Iris yellow spot virus (IYSV) vectored by Thrips tabaci Lindeman,is a major hindrance to onion production in eastern Africa. Control measures often rely on insecticides with deleterious effects. Endophytes are one key alternative as they can play important roles in mediating induced systemic resistance. Hence, we examined the potential effect of endophytic fungus Hypocrea lixii (F3ST1) on feeding and replication of IYSV on endophyte-colonized (EC) and endophyte-free (E) onion plants. For more precise assessment, replication was also tested using leaf disk bioassays and individual thrips. The number of feeding punctures was significantly lower in EC as compared to E plants. Disease level was significantly lower in EC as compared to E plants for four weeks post-exposure to thrips. IYSV replication was reduced by 2.5-fold in endophytic treatment on both whole plant and leaf disk assays. Thrips tabaci showed 2 times higher feeding activities on endophyte-free onion leaf disks as compared to the endophyte-noculated leaf disks. Our results suggest potential utility of the endophytes to reduce feeding damage and virus infection on onion plants. Further studies should be conducted to elucidate the secondary metabolites involved in such endophyte-thripsvirus mediated interaction and determine whether the interactions extend for this and other onion varieties and viruses under field conditions.
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APA

Muvea., A (2024). Endophytic Colonization of Onions Induces Resistance Against Viruliferous Thrips and Virus Replication. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/endophytic-colonization-of-onions-induces-resistance-against-viruliferous-thrips-and-virus-replication

MLA 8th

Muvea., Alexander "Endophytic Colonization of Onions Induces Resistance Against Viruliferous Thrips and Virus Replication" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/endophytic-colonization-of-onions-induces-resistance-against-viruliferous-thrips-and-virus-replication. Accessed 29 May. 2024.

MLA7

Muvea., Alexander . "Endophytic Colonization of Onions Induces Resistance Against Viruliferous Thrips and Virus Replication". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 29 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/endophytic-colonization-of-onions-induces-resistance-against-viruliferous-thrips-and-virus-replication >.

Chicago

Muvea., Alexander . "Endophytic Colonization of Onions Induces Resistance Against Viruliferous Thrips and Virus Replication" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 29, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/endophytic-colonization-of-onions-induces-resistance-against-viruliferous-thrips-and-virus-replication