Evaluating Payment Potential Forenvironmentalservices And Watershed Conservation Of Thika Dam, Murang’a County, Kenya

ABSTRACT

Payment for Environmental Services is a concept that is increasingly being adopted

as anincentive-basedapproach in natural resource management. It links the suppliers

and consumers of environmental goods and services in a way that both parties can

contribute to improved delivery. The main environmental goods and services traded

are carbon, biodiversity, aesthetics and water. The predominant attitude towards

watershed management in many parts of the world is that water will always flow

from the catchment for free and there is therefore no urgency or incentive to institute

sustainable use of land and water resources. As a result, farmers lack inadequate

knowledge, incentives and recognition of their role in provision of water to the

rivers. Nairobi City has been experiencing serious water shortages in the past years

resulting in water rationing. Thikadam supplies 80% of water to Nairobi city but few

of the users of water are able to link availability of clean water in their pipes to

conservation of water catchments areas. The objective of the study was to find out

how land owners and users of water from Thika dam can participate in watershed

protection scheme through Payment for Environmental Services. Specifically, the

study identified land use changes in the catchment area for the last 30 years and its

effects on water quality and quantity;factors that could influence willingness of

water users to pay for the environment services; environmental services the farmers

are willing to adopt; economic incentives the buyers were willing to give to farmers

in return for their conservation efforts and policies and institutional framework that

are necessary for PES. Primary and secondary data were collected based on baseline

survey and qualitative research approaches, interview schedules, questionnaires,

focus group discussions and analysis of satellite imagery followed by ground

truthing. Both parametric and non-parametric methods of data analysis were used.

Results showed that land use practiceshave changed over time with tea coverage

increasing by 11% at the expense of woodlots. Chemicals used in water treatment

hasincreased with increasing rainfall. Farmers are also willing to accept improved

farming practices in return to incentives though their expected incentives were far

above what the users are willing to give. Incentives in kind were most preferred

(50%) followed by community projects (33%) and cash incentive (17%). Consumers

preferred giving community projects (48%), support in kind (38%) and cash

incentives (15%). There was a significant relationship between consumers source of

water and willingness to pay. Consumers who are connected with water from the

Ndaka-ini catchment area werewilling to give more. However, there was no

framework in which consumers willing to pay could use to provide incentives to the

providers of environment services. Further results showed a gap in institutional

framework for PES and lack of supporting legal institutions. The findings of this

study can lead to better management and conservation of catchments areas leading

to improved water quantity and quality of Thika dam. The findings of the study can

be used by the government to develop a payment of environment service model for

Thika dam and other water catchments areas in the country.

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APA

KIMENJU, K (2021). Evaluating Payment Potential Forenvironmentalservices And Watershed Conservation Of Thika Dam, Murang’a County, Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/evaluating-payment-potential-forenvironmentalservices-and-watershed-conservation-of-thika-dam-murang-a-county-kenya

MLA 8th

KIMENJU, KAGOMBE "Evaluating Payment Potential Forenvironmentalservices And Watershed Conservation Of Thika Dam, Murang’a County, Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 01 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/evaluating-payment-potential-forenvironmentalservices-and-watershed-conservation-of-thika-dam-murang-a-county-kenya. Accessed 20 May. 2024.

MLA7

KIMENJU, KAGOMBE . "Evaluating Payment Potential Forenvironmentalservices And Watershed Conservation Of Thika Dam, Murang’a County, Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 01 Jun. 2021. Web. 20 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/evaluating-payment-potential-forenvironmentalservices-and-watershed-conservation-of-thika-dam-murang-a-county-kenya >.

Chicago

KIMENJU, KAGOMBE . "Evaluating Payment Potential Forenvironmentalservices And Watershed Conservation Of Thika Dam, Murang’a County, Kenya" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 20, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/evaluating-payment-potential-forenvironmentalservices-and-watershed-conservation-of-thika-dam-murang-a-county-kenya