This dissertation critically examines the Juvenile Justice System in Ghana, with
particular reference to its effectiveness in reforming the Juvenile offender. The research
sought to ascertain what actually takes place at the Remand and Correctional facilities in
comparison to the requirements of the Juvenile Justice Act, 2003. In particular,
emphasis was placed on the effectiveness of programs aimed at reforming such
offenders during their period of incarceration. Skills training and re-socialization
programs offered at such institutions were examined to establish its efficaciousness.
The methodology employed in evaluating the effectiveness of the Juvenile
Justice Administration in Ghana included meetings held with members of the juvenile
justice system, in Accra. Additionally visits were made to correctional homes and
juvenile detention centers to conduct semi structured face to face interviews and
questionnaire administration. Where appropriate, telephone interviews were used to
garner information. The findings and analysis presented in this study consists mostly of
information obtained from a qualitative study of a sample comprised of some workers
and inmates of the Correctional Centers in Accra as well as a few legal practitioners
involved in the Juvenile Justice System.
The study postulates that, there is a major disconnect between the theory or
legal provisions for the reformation of juvenile offenders and the actual practice. It was
realized that the practices in the correctional homes to a certain extent do not match the
provisions in the Juvenile Justice Act and this is as a result of the lack of resources to
carry out the stipulated practices diligently. The restriction and conditions that come with
detention however according to the study has the ability to deter the child from repeating
an offence so as to avert such undesirable situations.
The practices of the various stakeholders in the juvenile justice system need
close monitoring and supervision to ensure conformity with the law governing the system
so as to ensure the human resources offenders are well nurtured and harnessed for
CDR, C (2021). Evaluating the Effectiveness of Ghana's Juvenile Justice System in Rehabilitating the Offender. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 17, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-ghana-s-juvenile-justice-system-in-rehabilitating-the-offender
Coalition, CDR. "Evaluating the Effectiveness of Ghana's Juvenile Justice System in Rehabilitating the Offender" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 02 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-ghana-s-juvenile-justice-system-in-rehabilitating-the-offender . Accessed 17 Apr. 2021.
Coalition, CDR. "Evaluating the Effectiveness of Ghana's Juvenile Justice System in Rehabilitating the Offender". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 02 Apr. 2021. Web. 17 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-ghana-s-juvenile-justice-system-in-rehabilitating-the-offender >.
Coalition, CDR. "Evaluating the Effectiveness of Ghana's Juvenile Justice System in Rehabilitating the Offender" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 17, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-ghana-s-juvenile-justice-system-in-rehabilitating-the-offender