Evaluation Of Mehlich - 3 As A Multipurpose Extractant Of Phosphorus And Potassium Using Bell Pepper (Capsicum Annuum L.) In Some Nigerian Soils

Subscribe to access this work and thousands more

ABSTRACT

Use of single soil specific extractants to determine plant available phosphorus and exchangeable potassium for crops such as bell pepper, are costly, laborious and time wasting. Bell pepper, rich in antioxidants, requires phosphorus and potassium for high quality fruit yield. Mehlich-3 (M3), a multi-purpose extractant could extract phosphorus and potassium simultaneously. However, M3 has not been evaluated and adapted for Nigerian soils. Therefore, M3 as a multi-purpose extractant of P and K from soil for bell pepper was evaluated. Phosphorus and potassium extractions were carried out on soil (0–15 cm) samples from 12 purposively selected sites belonging to eight soil series across three agro-ecological zones (derived savanna, humid forest and northern guinea savanna) of Nigeria. Bray 1 (B1), Bray 2 (B2) and Olsen were used to extract phosphorus; 1M Ammonium acetate pH 7.0 (AAc) was used to extract potassium, while M3, Ammonium hydrogen flouride+DTPA (ABD) and modified M3 (MM3) were used to extract phosphorus and potassium simultaneously. Concentrations of phosphorus and potassium extracted by different extractants were determined using standard procedures. In the screenhouse, pots were filled with 3 kg each of the 12 soil samples and laid in a completely randomised design (n=108). Bell pepper was grown at one plant per pot for four weeks. Phosphorus and potassium uptakes were determined. Field experiment was conducted on Egbeda, Apomu and Jago soil series for three cropping seasons to determine critical range of soil phosphorus and potassium and optimum fertiliser rates using M3. Phosphorus (0, 30, 45 and 60 kg/ha) and potassium (0, 15, 30 and 45 kg/ha) were applied in a split plot arrangement in a randomised complete block design, replicated thrice. Fruit yield of bell pepper was measured. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, correlation and quadratic regression at α0.05.

Subscribe to access this work and thousands more
Overall Rating

0

5 Star
(0)
4 Star
(0)
3 Star
(0)
2 Star
(0)
1 Star
(0)
APA

The Public Access, L (2021). Evaluation Of Mehlich - 3 As A Multipurpose Extractant Of Phosphorus And Potassium Using Bell Pepper (Capsicum Annuum L.) In Some Nigerian Soils. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 17, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-mehlich-3-as-a-multipurpose-extractant-of-phosphorus-and-potassium-using-bell-pepper-capsicum-annuum-l-in-some-nigerian-soils

MLA 8th

Library, The Public Access. "Evaluation Of Mehlich - 3 As A Multipurpose Extractant Of Phosphorus And Potassium Using Bell Pepper (Capsicum Annuum L.) In Some Nigerian Soils" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 05 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-mehlich-3-as-a-multipurpose-extractant-of-phosphorus-and-potassium-using-bell-pepper-capsicum-annuum-l-in-some-nigerian-soils . Accessed 17 Apr. 2021.

MLA7

Library, The Public Access. "Evaluation Of Mehlich - 3 As A Multipurpose Extractant Of Phosphorus And Potassium Using Bell Pepper (Capsicum Annuum L.) In Some Nigerian Soils". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 05 Apr. 2021. Web. 17 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-mehlich-3-as-a-multipurpose-extractant-of-phosphorus-and-potassium-using-bell-pepper-capsicum-annuum-l-in-some-nigerian-soils >.

Chicago

Library, The Public Access. "Evaluation Of Mehlich - 3 As A Multipurpose Extractant Of Phosphorus And Potassium Using Bell Pepper (Capsicum Annuum L.) In Some Nigerian Soils" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 17, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-mehlich-3-as-a-multipurpose-extractant-of-phosphorus-and-potassium-using-bell-pepper-capsicum-annuum-l-in-some-nigerian-soils