Evaluation Of Mehlich - 3 As A Multipurpose Extractant Of Phosphorus And Potassium Using Bell Pepper (Capsicum Annuum L.) In Some Nigerian Soils

ABSTRACT

Use of single soil specific extractants to determine plant available phosphorus

and exchangeable potassium for crops such as bell pepper, are costly, laborious and

time wasting. Bell pepper, rich in antioxidants, requires phosphorus and potassium for

high quality fruit yield. Mehlich-3 (M3), a multi-purpose extractant could extract

phosphorus and potassium simultaneously. However, M3 has not been evaluated and

adapted for Nigerian soils. Therefore, M3 as a multi-purpose extractant of P and K

from soil for bell pepper was evaluated.

Phosphorus and potassium extractions were carried out on soil (0–15 cm)

samples from 12 purposively selected sites belonging to eight soil series across three

agro-ecological zones (derived savanna, humid forest and northern guinea savanna) of

Nigeria. Bray 1 (B1), Bray 2 (B2) and Olsen were used to extract phosphorus; 1M

Ammonium acetate pH 7.0 (AAc) was used to extract potassium, while M3,

Ammonium hydrogen flouride+DTPA (ABD) and modified M3 (MM3) were used to

extract phosphorus and potassium simultaneously. Concentrations of phosphorus and

potassium extracted by different extractants were determined using standard

procedures. In the screenhouse, pots were filled with 3 kg each of the 12 soil samples

and laid in a completely randomised design (n=108). Bell pepper was grown at one

plant per pot for four weeks. Phosphorus and potassium uptakes were determined.

Field experiment was conducted on Egbeda, Apomu and Jago soil series for three

cropping seasons to determine critical range of soil phosphorus and potassium and

optimum fertiliser rates using M3. Phosphorus (0, 30, 45 and 60 kg/ha) and potassium

(0, 15, 30 and 45 kg/ha) were applied in a split plot arrangement in a randomised

complete block design, replicated thrice. Fruit yield of bell pepper was measured. Data

were analysed using descriptive statistics, correlation and quadratic regression at α0.05.

Phosphorus extracted by B1, B2, Olsen, ABD, MM3 and M3 were 8.34±1.22,

11.19±2.62, 5.11±1.68, 30.33±4.32, 15.68±3.48 and 14.41±4.32 mg/kg, respectively,

while potassium extracted by AAc, ABD, MM3 and M3 were 0.47±0.02, 0.21±0.02,

0.36±0.05 and 0.59±0.09 cmol/kg, respectively. Phosphorus and potassium uptakes

were 2.34±0.5 and 22.62±2.28 g/kg, respectively. Significant correlations exist

between extracted phosphorus and potassium with their uptakes, except ABD for

potassium. Correlations of phosphorus and potassium extracted by M3 with their

uptakes were the highest (r=0.95), while the lowest was in B1 (0.78) for phosphorus

UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN LIBRARY

iii

and MM3 (0.93) for potassium. The yields (t/ha) of bell pepper across seasons were

15.02±0.51 (Egbeda), 14.19±0.36 (Apomu) and 5.15±0.40 (Jago). Fruit yield was

significantly influenced by applied fertilisers with phosphorus lowest in Apomu

(r2=0.65) and highest in Jago (r2=0.99), for potassium, the least was in Jago (r2=0.52)

and highest in Egbeda (r2=0.99). Critical ranges of phosphorus and potassium in the

soils were 15 (Apomu) to 20 (Jago) mg/kg and 0.20 (Apomu) to 0.25 (Jago) cmol/kg,

respectively. Optimum phosphorus and potassium concentrations for bell pepper were

45 kg/ha and 30 kg/ha, respectively.

Mehlich-3 is a good simultaneous extractant of phosphorus and potassium

across the agro-ecological zones. It is therefore recommended for evaluating soil

phosphorus and potassium.

Keywords: Multipurpose soil extractants; Mehlich-3 extractant; Phosphorus uptake;

Bell pepper yield;

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APA

OLUFUNMI, O (2021). Evaluation Of Mehlich - 3 As A Multipurpose Extractant Of Phosphorus And Potassium Using Bell Pepper (Capsicum Annuum L.) In Some Nigerian Soils. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-mehlich-3-as-a-multipurpose-extractant-of-phosphorus-and-potassium-using-bell-pepper-capsicum-annuum-l-in-some-nigerian-soils-2

MLA 8th

OLUFUNMI, OLUWAYOMBO "Evaluation Of Mehlich - 3 As A Multipurpose Extractant Of Phosphorus And Potassium Using Bell Pepper (Capsicum Annuum L.) In Some Nigerian Soils" Afribary. Afribary, 12 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-mehlich-3-as-a-multipurpose-extractant-of-phosphorus-and-potassium-using-bell-pepper-capsicum-annuum-l-in-some-nigerian-soils-2. Accessed 13 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

OLUFUNMI, OLUWAYOMBO . "Evaluation Of Mehlich - 3 As A Multipurpose Extractant Of Phosphorus And Potassium Using Bell Pepper (Capsicum Annuum L.) In Some Nigerian Soils". Afribary, Afribary, 12 Apr. 2021. Web. 13 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-mehlich-3-as-a-multipurpose-extractant-of-phosphorus-and-potassium-using-bell-pepper-capsicum-annuum-l-in-some-nigerian-soils-2 >.

Chicago

OLUFUNMI, OLUWAYOMBO . "Evaluation Of Mehlich - 3 As A Multipurpose Extractant Of Phosphorus And Potassium Using Bell Pepper (Capsicum Annuum L.) In Some Nigerian Soils" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 13, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-mehlich-3-as-a-multipurpose-extractant-of-phosphorus-and-potassium-using-bell-pepper-capsicum-annuum-l-in-some-nigerian-soils-2