Evaluation Of Rhizobium And Mycorrhiza Interactions In Sustainable Maize (Zea Mays L.) And Soyabean (Glycine Max L.) Production

ABSTRACT

Maize and soyabean are among the staples in the world. Their sustainable production

through the use of synthetic fertilizer causes soil degradation and ground water contamination.

An alternative means of boosting and sustaining the production of these staples through the use

of rhizobium and mycorrhiza have been reported but there are contradictory reports on

interactions between the two organisms. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the

influence of Rhizobium japonicum and Glomus etunicatum on maize and soyabean production.

Three farmlands in Oyo town were purposively selected. In the first and second

farmlands were planted sole maize and soyabean respectively and were rotated the following

season while both crops were intercropped on the third farmland. The experimental layout was

randomised complete block design in split plot with three replications. The treatments were

mycorrhizal, rhizobium, combined inoculations and uninoculated (controls). Maize was

inoculated with Glomus etunicatum, while soyabean was inoculated with Glomus etunicatum and

broth of Rhizobium japonicum. The plants’ population densities were 66,667 and 266,667

respectively. Growth parameters were measured using established methods at two weeks

interval. The plants’ biomass, yield, proximate and nutrient analyses were determined using

standard methods. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and ANOVA at p = 0.05.

The average heights (cm) of mycorrhiza, rhizobium and combined inoculated plants were

59.8±3.0, 68.3 ±1.8 and 63.7±1.2 respectively while that of their uninoculated counterparts was

52.7±3.4 in both sole and intercropped soyabean. Similarly, significant differences in biomass

production were obtained between inoculated (3.7, 3.9, 3.9 g) and uninoculated (2.9 g) soyabean.

Sole and rotated soyabean had significant biomass values which were 34.7 and 23.4 %

respectively higher than the intercropped soyabean. There was no significant difference in

nutrient contents of soyabean; its percentage proximate contents showed significant effects of

rhizobium (4.5), mycorrhiza (4.0) or combined inoculation (4.2) in relation to uninoculated

treatments (3.1). In intercropped and rotated maize, higher values of number of leaves and plant

height were obtained in the mycorrhizal inoculated treatments compared with uninoculated

counterparts. Biomass values of the intercropped and rotated maize were 15.5 and 12.5 %

respectively higher than that of sole maize. There was significant main effect of mycorrhizal

inoculation on nutrient contents of maize in intercropped and rotated farmlands. The grain yields

of sole and combined inoculated soyabean ranged between 648.1–738.7 kgha-1 and significantly

UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN LIBRARY

iii

outweighed that of the uninoculated counterparts (524.6–584.9 kgha-1). There were no significant

differences in grain yield of sole and intercropped maize, however, grain yield of rotated maize

(585 kgha-1) was significantly higher than that of sole maize (512.9 kgha-1). Interactions between

R. japonicum and G. etunicatum stimulated growth of both crops, while intercropping enhanced

growth and biomass production of maize but had negative effects on soyabean.

Interaction between Rhizobium japonicum and Glomus etunicatum had synergistic effects

on growth of maize and soyabean. The combination of the two organisms and the systems of

farming favoured the yield of both crops. The use of both microsymbionts combined with the

cultural farming systems is therefore recommended to boost soyabean and maize production.

Keywords: Glomus etunicatum, Rhizobium japonicum, Intercropping, Crop rotation

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APA

AMUSAT, M (2021). Evaluation Of Rhizobium And Mycorrhiza Interactions In Sustainable Maize (Zea Mays L.) And Soyabean (Glycine Max L.) Production. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-rhizobium-and-mycorrhiza-interactions-in-sustainable-maize-zea-mays-l-and-soyabean-glycine-max-l-production-1

MLA 8th

AMUSAT, Mumini "Evaluation Of Rhizobium And Mycorrhiza Interactions In Sustainable Maize (Zea Mays L.) And Soyabean (Glycine Max L.) Production" Afribary. Afribary, 12 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-rhizobium-and-mycorrhiza-interactions-in-sustainable-maize-zea-mays-l-and-soyabean-glycine-max-l-production-1. Accessed 28 May. 2024.

MLA7

AMUSAT, Mumini . "Evaluation Of Rhizobium And Mycorrhiza Interactions In Sustainable Maize (Zea Mays L.) And Soyabean (Glycine Max L.) Production". Afribary, Afribary, 12 Apr. 2021. Web. 28 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-rhizobium-and-mycorrhiza-interactions-in-sustainable-maize-zea-mays-l-and-soyabean-glycine-max-l-production-1 >.

Chicago

AMUSAT, Mumini . "Evaluation Of Rhizobium And Mycorrhiza Interactions In Sustainable Maize (Zea Mays L.) And Soyabean (Glycine Max L.) Production" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 28, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-rhizobium-and-mycorrhiza-interactions-in-sustainable-maize-zea-mays-l-and-soyabean-glycine-max-l-production-1