This study is to assess the extent of eco-tourism development in Zanzibar,
concentrating on areas of Stone Town, Nungwi and Menai of Unguja Island. The
main objective of the study was identifying out eco-tourism factors and strategies
influencing eco-tourism development in Zanzibar. More specifically, the study
examined influencing factors including inhibiting factor for eco-tourism
development, favouring factors and challenges, strategies for eco-tourism and further
potentials areas for eco-tourism development. To achieve these objectives, sixty (60)
respondents of which thirty four (34) were males and twenty six (26) were females
comprising respondents of three categories of local community, government and
other tourism related institutes and tourist. Mixed methods of research were used to
explore influencing factors and strategies for eco-tourism development. Structured
questionnaires with both open and close ended questions were administered to
respondents involved in the study. Interviews were carried out where structure
questions were also administered to respondents and Focus Group Discussions
(FGDs) were organized comprising of seven people who were given questions
related to the study in order to compare and confirm respondents‘ responses arising
from the questionnaire survey. Quantitative data were analyzed by using Statistical
Package of Social Sciences (SPSS). The data were coded and computed into
percentages and frequencies for easy analysis.
Overall study findings revealed that, there are no specific strategies that are fully
utilised for developing eco-tourism alone but the strategies are for the sector as a
whole. Furthermore, tourism industry has lots of potentials that can further provide
great opportunities that can be developed for eco-tourism kind, which can achieve the
aim of 2003 tourism policy developed for tourism sector. Likewise, this suggests that
community projects are very important in eco-tourism campaigns as they involve
local people strategy, formulation and implementation in developed projects for local
community. At this community level, local community projects will enable them
generate employment and contribute to improve well being of their respective
societies. However, various potentials are constrained by several challenges such as
limited and poor marketing and promotion campaign, language skills, low budget
allocation for tourism sector, seasonal market, price instability, education problem
and lack of enough institutions, poor management of tourism resources, culture and
environmental degradation and beach boy‘s activities.
To reduce these constrains, government should increase finances for tourism budgets,
institutilisation of tourism sector, management building capacity, price strategies,
police patrol establishment and environmental and culture conservation campaigns.
Furthermore, to promote eco-tourism as a unique niche market for tourism sector, the
government should adopt specific eco-tourism agenda and strategies likes capacity
building, carrying capacity, zoning and participatory approach within the industry.
In conclusion, the study ended by providing recommendations for various actors on
concrete measures that should be undertaken in order to address inhibiting factors
facing eco-tourism in the development of tourism industry
Edu, F (2021). Factors And Startegies Influencing Development Of Eco-Tourism In Zanzibar” The Case Of Unguja Island (Stonetown, Menai And Nungwi Village). Afribary.com: Retrieved May 12, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/factors-and-startegies-influencing-development-of-eco-tourism-in-zanzibar-the-case-of-unguja-island-stonetown-menai-and-nungwi-village
Frontiers, Edu. "Factors And Startegies Influencing Development Of Eco-Tourism In Zanzibar” The Case Of Unguja Island (Stonetown, Menai And Nungwi Village)" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 01 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/factors-and-startegies-influencing-development-of-eco-tourism-in-zanzibar-the-case-of-unguja-island-stonetown-menai-and-nungwi-village . Accessed 12 May. 2021.
Frontiers, Edu. "Factors And Startegies Influencing Development Of Eco-Tourism In Zanzibar” The Case Of Unguja Island (Stonetown, Menai And Nungwi Village)". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 01 May. 2021. Web. 12 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/factors-and-startegies-influencing-development-of-eco-tourism-in-zanzibar-the-case-of-unguja-island-stonetown-menai-and-nungwi-village >.
Frontiers, Edu. "Factors And Startegies Influencing Development Of Eco-Tourism In Zanzibar” The Case Of Unguja Island (Stonetown, Menai And Nungwi Village)" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 12, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/factors-and-startegies-influencing-development-of-eco-tourism-in-zanzibar-the-case-of-unguja-island-stonetown-menai-and-nungwi-village