Factors Contributing to Students’ Drop Out at Ordinary Level A Case Study of Mpigi District, Uganda.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION

APPROVAL ii

DEDICATION iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS v

LIST OF TABLES ix

ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE 2

INTRODUCTION 2

1.1 Background of the Study 2

1.2 Problem Statement 4

1.3 Purpose of the Study 4

1.4.1 Main Objectives 5

1.4.1 Specific Objectives 5

1.5 Research Questions 5

1.6 Scope of the Study 5

1.6.1 Content Scope 5

1.6.2 Geographical Scope 6

1.6.3 Time Scope 6

1.7 Significance of the Study 6

Definition of key Terms 6

CHAPTER TWO 7

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK AND LITERATURE REVIEW 7

2.1 Introduction 7

2.2 Conceptual Framework 7

2.3 Review of Related Literature 9

2.3.1 Economic factors that contribute to students’ dropout at ordinary levels 9

2.3.1.1 Poverty 9

V

2.3.1.2 Indirect cost of education .9

2.3.1.3 Food 10

2.3.2 Social factors that contribute to students’ dropout at ordinary level 10

2.3.2.1 Teenage pregnancy and early marriages 10

2.3.2.2 Domestic Violence 10

2.3.2.3 Parental perception

2.3.2.4 HIV/AIDS Pandemic 11

2.3.2.5 Indiscipline 11

2.3.2.6 Poor law enforcement 12

2.3.2.7 Orphan-hood 12

2.3.3 Environmental factors that contribute to students’ drop out at ordinary level 12

2.3.3.1 Poor school Administration 12

2.3.3.2 School environment 13

2.3.3.3 Child labor 13

2.3.3.4 Teachers attitude and their credential academic performance 13

2.3.3.5 Distance 14

CHAPTER THREE 15

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 15

3.1 Introduction 15

3.2 Research Design 15

3.3 Area of Study 15

3.4 Study Population 15

3.5Samplesize 16

3.6 Sample selection 1 6

3.7 Procedures 1 6

3.8 Data Collection Methods 1 6

3.8.1 Ordinary data collection method 16

3.8.2 Secondary data collection method 17

3.9 Data collection instruments 17

3.9.1 Questionnaires 17

vi

3.10 Validity and reliability of instruments 18

3.11 Data analysis and presentation 18

3.12 Consideration to ethical standards 18

3.13 Limitations ofthe study 18

CHAPTER FOUR 19

DATA ANALYSTS, PRESENTATION AND INTERPRETATION 19

4.1 Introduction 19

4.2 Data showing questionnaires return rate 19

Source: Ordinary Data, 2019 19

4.3 Gender of the respondents 20

Source: Ordinary Data, 2019 20

4.4 Age of the respondents 20

Source: Ordinary Data, 2019 20

4.5 Economic factors that contribute to students’ dropout at ordinary level 21

Source: Ordinary Data, 2019 21

4.5.1 Poverty 21

Source: Ordinary Data, 2019 22

4.5.2Food 22

4.5.3 Indirect costs of education 23

4.6 Social factors that contribute to students’ dropout at ordinary level 24

Source: Ordinary Data, 2019 25

4.6.1 Teenage pregnancy and early marriages 25

4.6.2 Domestic violence 26

4.6.3 Poor law enforcement 26

4.6.4 Indiscipline 26

4.6.5 Parental perception 27

4.6.6 Orphan-hood 27

4.6.7 HIV/AIDS pandemic 27

4.7 Environmental factors that contribute to students’ dropout at ordinary level in Nkozi sub

county, Mpigi district schools 28

vii

4.7.1 School environment .29

4.7.2 Poor school administration 29

4.7.3 Distance 29

4.7.4 Child labour 30

CHAPTER FIVE 31

DISCUSSIONS, CONCLUSTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 31

5.1 Introduction 31

5.2 Discussion of findings 31

5.2.1 Economic factors that contribute to students’ dropout at ordinary level in Nkozi sub

county, Mpigi district 31

5.2.2 Social factors that contribute to students’ dropout at ordinary level in Nkozi sub-county,

Mpigi district 32

5.2.3 Environmental factors that contribute to students’ dropout at ordinary level in Nkozi sub

county, Mpigi district 32

5.3 Conclusion 33

5.4 Recommendation 34

5.5 Suggestion for further studies 34

APPENDIX A: QUESTIONNAIRE FOR PARENTS 37

APPENDIX B: QUESTIONNAIRE FOR TEACHERS 39

APPENDIX C: QUESTIONNAIRES FOR STUDENTS 41

APPENDIX D: INTERVIEW SCHEDULE 43

 ABSTRACT The study focused on the factors that contribute to drop out problem at ordinary level in Mpigi district. The study was guided by the following objectives, to investigate the economic factors that contribute to students’ dropout at ordinary level in Mpigi district, to examine the social factors that contribute to students’ dropout at ordinary level in Mpigi district and to establish the environmental factors that contribute to students’ dropout at ordinary level in Mpigi district. The sample of the respondents was taken from Buyanja B.C.s secondary school which acted as the case study. 15 parents, 15 students of senior two and 20 teachers were supplied with questionnaires. The 20 teachers were also interviewed. The study adopted simple random sampling and purposive sampling techniques to sample its respondents. The study employed both quantitative and qualitative approaches. The study consists of five chapters. Chapter one provides the background of the study, statement of the problem, purpose of study, objectives, research questions, scope of the study, and the significance of the study. Chapter two provides the literature review and the conceptual frame work of the study, chapter three gives the research methodology and chapter two offers the research findings. Chapter five provides the discussions, conclusions and recommendations. The research findings concluded that economic factors that contribute to students’ dropout at ordinary level included poverty, food and indirect cost of education. The research findings also concluded that social factors that contribute to students drop out at ordinary level included; teenage pregnancy and early marriages, indiscipline, parental perception, HIV/AJDS pandemic, poor law enforcement, orphan hood and domestic violence. The research findings also concluded that environmental factors which contribute to students’ drop out at ordinary level included; poor school administration, unfavorable school environment, distance, child labour and teachers’ attitudes and their credential academic performance. 1

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APA

AFUWA, K (2022). Factors Contributing to Students’ Drop Out at Ordinary Level A Case Study of Mpigi District, Uganda.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/factors-contributing-to-students-drop-out-at-ordinary-level-a-case-study-of-mpigi-district-uganda

MLA 8th

AFUWA, KAYAGA "Factors Contributing to Students’ Drop Out at Ordinary Level A Case Study of Mpigi District, Uganda." Afribary. Afribary, 25 Jul. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/factors-contributing-to-students-drop-out-at-ordinary-level-a-case-study-of-mpigi-district-uganda. Accessed 09 Aug. 2022.

MLA7

AFUWA, KAYAGA . "Factors Contributing to Students’ Drop Out at Ordinary Level A Case Study of Mpigi District, Uganda.". Afribary, Afribary, 25 Jul. 2022. Web. 09 Aug. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/factors-contributing-to-students-drop-out-at-ordinary-level-a-case-study-of-mpigi-district-uganda >.

Chicago

AFUWA, KAYAGA . "Factors Contributing to Students’ Drop Out at Ordinary Level A Case Study of Mpigi District, Uganda." Afribary (2022). Accessed August 09, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/factors-contributing-to-students-drop-out-at-ordinary-level-a-case-study-of-mpigi-district-uganda