High teacher turnover is a common problem in the Ministry of Education in all schools
around Namibia, specifically in the Omusati Education Region. This research sought to
highlight factors that influence teacher attrition in secondary schools in the Omusati
Education Region. The research revealed that though hundreds of teachers were graduating
from universities and colleges around the country each year, schools have never had enough
qualified teachers. A high teacher turnover is also very costly to the government in terms of
recruitment and selection costs, which have to be met in continuously filling vacant posts. A
high turnover of teachers creates instability in the school system and thereby affecting the
performance of learners.
The study revealed different factors, which influenced the level of teacher attrition, such as
the lack of administrative support for teachers, poor remuneration, death and illness-induced
attrition. The review of literature also revealed different strategies that have been used
elsewhere in dealing with the problem of high turnover in schools. The strategies included
strengthening administrative structures in schools, reviewing the remuneration of teachers,
improving the recruitment of teachers and improving the general working conditions of
teachers. The study used the triangulated research methodology in the data-gathering process,
which involved questionnaires that were given out to teachers and interviews held with
Circuit Inspectors. Sixty-four questionnaires were recovered and four interviews were held
with Circuit Inspectors. The field and theoretical research findings revealed that interpersonal
relations had a limited influence on teacher attrition. Advancement factors were found to
have significant influence on the rate of attrition, as teachers left the profession because of
limited career advancement opportunities within the teaching profession. One of the major
causes of teacher attrition was also found to be unfavourable working conditions such as
heavy teaching loads, inadequate resources, and inadequate preparation time. Teachers’
salaries and benefits were also found to be lower than salaries and benefits of other qualified
professionals in the private sector leading to a very high rate of attrition, as teachers left the
teaching profession for other well-paying jobs in the private sector. The study recommended
that the government increase the remuneration of teachers to the level of other qualified
professionals in the private sector. The study also recommended the improvement of
teachers’ working and living conditions, the strengthening of administrative support for the
teachers and the introduction of strong mentoring programmes for new graduate teachers.
The research also provided direction for further research on the subject.
Edu, F (2021). Factors That Influence Teacher Attrition In Secondary Schools In The Omusati Education Region, Namibia. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 12, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/factors-that-influence-teacher-attrition-in-secondary-schools-in-the-omusati-education-region-namibia
Frontiers, Edu. "Factors That Influence Teacher Attrition In Secondary Schools In The Omusati Education Region, Namibia" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 25 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/factors-that-influence-teacher-attrition-in-secondary-schools-in-the-omusati-education-region-namibia . Accessed 12 May. 2021.
Frontiers, Edu. "Factors That Influence Teacher Attrition In Secondary Schools In The Omusati Education Region, Namibia". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 25 Apr. 2021. Web. 12 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/factors-that-influence-teacher-attrition-in-secondary-schools-in-the-omusati-education-region-namibia >.
Frontiers, Edu. "Factors That Influence Teacher Attrition In Secondary Schools In The Omusati Education Region, Namibia" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 12, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/factors-that-influence-teacher-attrition-in-secondary-schools-in-the-omusati-education-region-namibia