Extensive researches are available on school factors influencing reading ability of the
pre-primary school Pupils are available. However, there are relatively few studies on
the family characteristics influencing reading readiness of pre-primary school pupils.
Moreover, the family characteristics‟ role in reading readiness of the children cannot
be underestimated. Reading incompetency has always been assumed to be as a result
of school related factors and many attempts have been made by the government and
different organizations to improve teaching of reading competency but there has been
less effort focusing on family characteristics influencing reading readiness. This study
therefore explored the family characteristics influencing reading readiness of preprimary school pupils. The objectives of the study were to determine the influence of
parents‟ occupation, family income, parents‟ level of education and parental
involvement on reading readiness of pre-primary school pupils. The study may be
significant since the study findings may provide important information that may be
utilized by the stakeholders in education to improve the level of reading readiness
among the pre-primary school pupils. This study was guided by Brofenbrenners
Ecological Systems Theory. This theory shows the different aspects of the
environment which influence a child‟s development relationship. The study adopted a
descriptive research design which allowed for in-depth exploration of the study
variables. The dependent variable for the study was pre-primary pupils‟ reading
readiness while the independent variables were family characteristics namely; family
income, parents‟ occupation, parents‟ level of education and parental involvement.
This study was carried out in Siaya County where the reading level has been lower
than the national level. The target population of the study was pre-primary school
pupils and their parents in Siaya County since this is the age at which family
characteristics are believed to have a great influence. Stratified random sampling was
used to sample schools as public and private pre-primary schools. Purposive sampling
was used to select schools and pupils. A sample of 96 public pre-primary school
pupils and 16 private pre-primary school pupils were included in the study.
Questionnaires and reading readiness test analysis were used for data collection.
Reading readiness test analysis was used to collect data from the children while
questionnaires were used to collect data from the parents. Data collected was analyzed
using descriptive statistics with the help of statistical package for social sciences
(SPSS) version 20. The findings of the study revealed that parents‟ occupation, family
income, parents‟ level of education and parental involvement influences reading
readiness of pupils in pre-primary schools. The study recommends in-service training
for the teachers on teaching reading readiness skills, adult education programmes for
the parents, resource mobilization and awareness creation on family income and
Edu, F (2021). Family Characteristics Influencing Reading Readiness Of Pupils In Pre-Primary Schools In Siaya County, Kenya. Afribary.com: Retrieved June 24, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/family-characteristics-influencing-reading-readiness-of-pupils-in-pre-primary-schools-in-siaya-county-kenya
Frontiers, Edu. "Family Characteristics Influencing Reading Readiness Of Pupils In Pre-Primary Schools In Siaya County, Kenya" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 04 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/family-characteristics-influencing-reading-readiness-of-pupils-in-pre-primary-schools-in-siaya-county-kenya . Accessed 24 Jun. 2021.
Frontiers, Edu. "Family Characteristics Influencing Reading Readiness Of Pupils In Pre-Primary Schools In Siaya County, Kenya". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 04 Jun. 2021. Web. 24 Jun. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/family-characteristics-influencing-reading-readiness-of-pupils-in-pre-primary-schools-in-siaya-county-kenya >.
Frontiers, Edu. "Family Characteristics Influencing Reading Readiness Of Pupils In Pre-Primary Schools In Siaya County, Kenya" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed June 24, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/family-characteristics-influencing-reading-readiness-of-pupils-in-pre-primary-schools-in-siaya-county-kenya