Research Papers/Topics in Agricultural Economics

Analysis Of The Impact Of Physical And Social Capital Asset Holdings On Poverty Among Farm Households In Nigeria

ABSTRACTThe study was conducted to analyze the impact of physical and social capital asset holdings on poverty among farm households in Nigeria as a contribution towards finding a panacea to the poverty plague in the agricultural sector. The study used secondary data obtained from the Nigeria living Standard Survey data conducted in 2003/2004. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Forster-Greer- Thorbeck poverty measures and Propensity score matching. Results showed that 90% of the...

Credit Use And Its Effect On Profitability Among Smallholder Maize Farmers In The Brong Ahafo Region Of Ghana

ABSTRACT The study assesses credit use and its effect on profitability among smallholder maize farmers in the Brong Ahafo Region. A multistage sampling technique involving purposive sampling, stratified sampling and simple random sampling technique were employed to select the region,  two municipalities from the region and  200 smallholder maize farmers respectively for the survey using well-structured questionnaires. The study took into consideration a description of the...

Effect Of Nucleus Farmer-Outgrower Schemes On Input Use Efficiency And Profitability Among Smallholder Farmers In The Northern Region Of Ghana

ABSTRACT  The study assesses the effect of nucleus farmer-outgrower schemes on input use efficiency and profitability among smallholder farmers in the Northern Region of Ghana. Simple random sampling technique was employed to sample three districts from the Northern Region and a total of 330 smallholder farmers made up of 150 outgrowers and 180 non-outgrowers were interviewed using structured questionnaires. A comparative analysis is made between outgrowers and non-outgrowers. ...

The Role Of Agriculture The Economic Development Of Ainamoi Division Kericho District Kenya

This study was carried out to examine the role of agriculture in the economic development of Kericho district.The findings showed that due to farming among the people of Ainamoi, agricultural practices in Ainamoi is still very low. The results also showed a positive significant improvement of people's standard of living.The researcher focused on the proper importance, problems and solutions of agriculture in the economic development of Kericho district. A longitudinal design was developed to ...

Effects Of Rhizobial Inoculation And Phosphatic Fertilizer On Soil Chemical Properties, Growth And Yield Of Sorghum - Cowpea Intercrop In Eastern Kenya

Agriculture is the dominant source of livelihood in rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa. However, in semi-arid eastern Kenya, smallholder farm productivity has been diminishing due to declining soil fertility and frequent droughts. Nitrogen (N) is the principal nutrient element limiting crop productivity in the region, followed by phosphorus (P). The use of N fixing legumes in intercrop with cereal crops is among the cheaper-viable options available for the resource-constraint farmers to ...

Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Smallholder Pumpkin Production, Consumption And Marketing In Eastern And Central Kenya Regions

Pumpkin is an indigenous vegetable with huge potential to provide nutrition, food security and income to households in Kenya but its production remains low. The crop has been given little attention in research and has not been promoted as a viable enterprise. Literature indicates that socio-economic factors and farming constraints in pumpkin production, consumption and marketing by smallholder farmers in Eastern and Central Kenya have not been studied nor documented. This research w...

Evaluation Of Grafting Technology For Management Of Bacterial Wilt (Ralstonia Solanacearum) Of Tomato (Solanum Lycopersicum L)

Tomato (Solanum Lycopersicun L) is a very important vegetable grown mainly by small scale farmers in most arable areas in Kenya. Tomato production has declined drastically due to attack by Ralstonia solanacearum, a soil borne pathogen which causes bacterial wilt. Transmission of pathogen occurs when bacterial ooze from the plant enters the surrounding water or soil, contaminates farming equipment or by insect vectors. The disease has not yet been effectively managed. Grafting is an asex...

Assessment Of Water Quality And Soil Properties For Irigation In The Horticultural Crops Producing Areas Of Alhegaina, North Kordofan State Sudan

Sudan is a large country with a great diversity of climatic and agro-ecological zones.The horticultural acreage in the Sudan is estimated at 273,000 hectares, representing about 3% of the total crop area. The area under horticultural crops is on the increasing for it is fetching good money for the farmers. Horticultural crops comprise the groups of vegetables,fresh legumes, fruit trees, ornamental plants, plantation crops, medicinal and aromatic plants and spices. The pres...

Assessing The Status Of Crop Farming And Strategies Used To Scale Up Yields For Enhanced Food Security In Turkana County, Kenya

Despite being a culture-centred livelihood activity, pastoralism alone has not guaranteed food and nutrition security for households in Turkana, Kenya. The frequency of droughts and their negative impact on livestock production in the County translate into reduced purchasing power of the pastoral households; causing perennial food insecurity and consequent human indignity. As a growing response to this perennial situation, rain-fed crop production has been introduced in th...

Analysis Of Vertical And Horizontal Integration As Determinants Of Market Channel Choice Among Smallholder Dairy Farmers In Lower Central Kenya

Dairy farming is a significant economic activity in Kenya as it accounts for four percent of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and fourteen percent of total value of agricultural output. Market-oriented smallholder dairy farms in the country tend to be concentrated close to urban centres because the effects of market forces over-ride many production factors. Urbanization creates competition for alternative land uses thus leading to land fragmentation which ...

Effects Of Integrated Soil Fertility Management And Tied-Ridging On Maize-Soybean Yields And Selected Soil Properties In Tharaka-Nithi County, Kenya

ABSTRACTConstraints to soil productivity include reduction in soil fertility and lack of adequate soil water conservation techniques due to erratic rainfall in central highlands of Kenya. This study evaluated effects of combining integrated soil fertility management options and tied-ridging on maize-soybean yields and selected soil properties during short rains in 2014 and long rains in 2015 seasons. The study was carried out in Kigogo primary school in Tharaka- Nithi County. The experimental...

Low Cost Tissue Culture Of Selected Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) And Sweet Potato (Ipomoea Batatas (L) Lam.) Varieties

ABSTRACTDrought has become a major contributor to food insecurity in sub-Sahara Africa. Drought-tolerant crops such as cassava and sweet potato can help alleviate this situation. However, lack of affordable healthy planting materials of farmer-preferred varieties is a major constraint to sweet potato and cassava production. Conventional tissue culture technology offers an important solution to this but it is very costly, making plantlets out of reach for resource poor farmers. Hence, it is ne...

An Analysis Of Sesame Crop Value Chain: A Case Study Of Kordofan Region, Sudan

ABSTRACTThere is an urgent need to improve production and marketing conditions ofsmall holder farmers in Kordofan region of Sudan in order to alleviate poverty andenhance food security. This study was conducted to determine the profitability of thesesame value chain as one of the viable options that can address the challenges of smallholder fanners. This study characterized the sesame value chain from producers toprocessors in terms of material and information flows as well as theint...

Profit And Risk Management Strategies In Selected Agribusinesses In Imo State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study was designed to analyze profit and risk management strategies in selected agribusinesses in Imo, Nigeria. The methods of proportionate sampling, followed by random sampling techniques were adopted in selecting the Local Government Areas and the sample size. Data were collected with the use of questionnaire administered on 168 agribusiness entrepreneurs (87 food crops and 81 livestock entrepreneurs). The data collected were analyzed using frequency distribution, perce...

Effect Of Organic And Inorganic Fertilizers On Growth, Yield And Quality Of Amaranths In Kiambu County, Kenya

ABSTRACTAn experiment was carried out for two seasons in Kiambu County to investigate theinfluence of organic and inorganic fertilizer on growth, anti-nutrients characteristicsin amaranth species and the changes in the soil rhizosphere. This is becausecontinuous usage of inorganic fertilizer affects soil structure. Hence, organic manurescan serve as alternative to mineral fertilizers. Application of pesticides and inorganicfertilizers had adverse effects on nutrient leaching, pesticide ...


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