Agricultural Economics Research Papers/Topics

Technology Adoption, Production and Market Participation among Smallholder Indigenous Chicken Farmers in Tigania West Sub-County, Meru County

Abstract Majority of the Kenyan population resides in rural areas and are characterised by high levels of poverty due to low income and food insecurity. Poultry production and in particular indigenous chicken has been recognised as an avenue to improve livelihoods among rural households through provision of income. Besides, the enterprise contributes to socioeconomic and nutritional requirements of rural and peri-urban populations. Despite this potential, chicken production continues to enco...

Farm-Level Supply and Value Addition of Mangoes among Small-Scale Producers in Machakos County

Abstract Mango (Mangifera indicia L.) is one of the most suitable fruit crops in arid and semi-arid areas of Kenya. Its production in Machakos County has generally been fluctuating over the past few years, such that there is no consensus whether the production is increasing or decreasing. In addition, there is a paucity of knowledge about the quantity of mangoes supplied by small-scale farmers. Upon harvest, the mango fruit is highly perishable, therefore farmers have taken up farm-level val...

Economics of the System of Rice Intensification on Productivity of Rice among Smallholder Farmers of Mwea Irrigation Scheme, Kenya

Abstract Rice farming has received considerable attention in developing countries and particularly in Kenya due to its impact on smallholders’ income and food security. Irrigated rice is the largest consumer of water and its sustainability is threatened by water shortage. This has necessitated the development of alternative irrigation water systems that use less water with high yields such as the System of Rice Intensification (SRI). This study sought to evaluate the effects of (SRI) on fa...

Uptake of Regenerative Agriculture Technologies, Productivity of Selected Cereals And Pulses and Food Security in the Drylands of Embu County, Kenya

Abstract At the global level, land degradation is on the increase thus threatening millions of livelihoods particularly in the drier ecosystems. More specifically, land degradation is a major concern in Kenya and more particularly in the drylands of Embu County. Soil fertility has been steadily declining, resulting in low agricultural output and endangering smallholder farmers who rely mostly on subsistence agriculture for a living. Selecting appropriate Regenerative Agriculture (RA) technol...

Transaction Costs and Market Participation among Avocado Smallholders in Murang’a County

Abstract Access to market plays a vital role in poverty alleviation among smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa. Agricultural markets provide income generating opportunities for farmers in rural areas hence improving their livelihoods. Avocado fruit has a high demand in both local and export markets due to its nutritional value and industrial use. However, smallholder avocado farmers have not benefited from this increased demand. The purpose of the study was to assess the effects of tran...

Adoption of Best Agronomic Practices, Technical Efficiency and Profitability of Sugarcane Production among Smallholders in Malava Sub- County of Kakamega County, Kenya

Abstract Sugarcane crop (Saccharum officinarum) is one of the important industrial crops that are major employers and contributor to the Kenyan economy. Despite the importance attached to this subsector, sugarcane production is dismally performing in Kenya. In a bid to attain self-sufficiency in sugar production, Kenya has made remarkable efforts to develop the subsector. Despite efforts put up by the Government of Kenya and other stakeholders, sugarcane production still faces low productivi...

Technical efficiency, profitability and market Diversity among smallholder tomato farmers in Kirinyaga county

Abstract The horticultural sub-sector in Kenya contributes immensely to the country’s development agenda. Particularly, vegetables are crucial in poverty alleviation with tomato production ranking among the most vibrant enterprises. The crop creates employment and is a source of income for smallholders in rural areas. Despite its potential, tomato production faces major challenges including unreliable markets, low adoption of modern production systems and production inefficiencies. This ha...

The Effects of Market Reforms on Irish Potato Price Volatility in Nyandarua District, Kenya

Abstract In the early 1990’s, the Kenyan government implemented refor ms in the agricultural sector that affected the volatility of agricultural product prices. However, there is lack of empirical evidence on the effects of these reforms on the level and volatility of Irish potato prices. This study evaluates the effects of market reform policies involving the decontrol of input and output prices on the evolution and volatility of Irish potato prices in Nyandarua district. The purpose of t...

SELF-REPORTED FOOD INSECURITY AS SIGNIFICANT PREDICTOR OF ILL HEALTH AMONG GHANAIAN HOUSEHOLDS

Food insecurity and ill-health have become topical issues that both researchers and development agents are concerned about. Food consumption directly links agriculture to health outcomes. Achieving zero hunger as enshrined in SDG 2 requires interventions that target those families and individuals experiencing food insecurity. In Ghana, food insecurity differs across regions and the socioeconomic status of households and individuals. Moreover, very little is known about the distribution of foo...

Food security in the semi-arid Machakos county: a case study of Mwala sub-county

Abstract: Ensuring food security is a global significant challenge despite struggles to increase agricultural productivity, food distribution and identify appropriate policy interventions to cub food shortage. The recent recurrent incidences of food deficit in Kenya have placed the nation among the 20 most food insecure countries in the world. Food insecurity in the country is a prevalent issue since approximately 84% the country’s landmass is covered by arid and semi-arid land. Achieving ...

The Impact of Fairtrade in Africa: A Case Study of Iria-Ini Tea Factory in Othaya, Nyeri

Abstract: In today’s globalized world trade is one of the most powerful forces linking our lives. International trade has proved to be a source of immense wealth, yet millions of the world’s poorest populations are getting poorer every day. Increased prosperity among developed countries and multi-national corporations has occurred as poverty in developing countries has increased. The already obscene gap between the rich in the global north and the poor in the global south has widened. Ac...

Agricultural Investments and Institutional Arrangements’ Impact on Food Insecurity in Kenya: A Case Research of New Partnership for Africa’s Development from 2003-2020

Abstract: Is Africa capable of feeding itself given the alarming performance and projections shared by international organizations on poverty and food insecurity prevalence in the continent? What seems to be holding back agricultural production in most African countries? This research has sought to answer these questions and has identified that the Agriculture sector will spearhead this transformation since the economic development of most African states is driven by the growth of the sector...

The Effectiveness of Research Processes on Adoption and Diffusion of Agricultural Technologies in Kenya: A Case of Climbing Beans Technology at Kari

Abstract: Findings from the study show that KARI scientists used research processes that were participatory and educative. These included conducting farmer trainings at KARI centre and at on-farm demonstration sites, holding of field days and exchange visits, availability of documented evidence on the technology benefits, ensuring farmers were free to gain entry to the KARI on-station demonstration trails, issuance of clean planting materials, frequent follow ups to farmer's fields, and that...

Food Security in Africa: The Question Of Genetically Engineered Agricultural Crops (GMOs) - Case Study of Kenya

Abstract: Many have discussed Africa's food security crisis for decades but little has been done to change the state of affairs. Discussions concerning genetically engineered agricultural crops, otherwise known as genetically modified organisms (GMOs) have emerged after the green revolution that has been witnessed in parts of Asia and Latin America. This new technology has come with a lot of controversy upon which this paper seeks to shed some light. The purpose of this study was to investig...

Potential Implications of the National Horticulture Policy on the Growth of the Cut Flowers Export Industry in Kenya

Abstract: This study sought to find out the potential implications of the National Horticulture Policy 2012 on the growth of the cut flowers export industry in Kenya. The non-implementation of the said policy presents the problem in this study with research questions seeking to find out factors contributing to this state of affairs. The study anchors on the Classical Economic Theory’s key concept of comparative advantage that brings out the aspect of sustenance of Kenya’s competitiveness...


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