Agricultural Economics Research Papers/Topics

Impact of Root and Tuber Expansion Programme Technology Adoption on Poverty and Food Security Status of Cassava Farming Households in Southwestern Nigeria

ABSTRACT Adoption of yield increasing technologies among farming households is one way of reducing poverty and food insecurity. In Nigeria, Root and Tuber Expansion Programme (RTEP) was implemented to develop improved technology of root and tuber crops. However, the impact of RTEP technology on poverty and food security has not been fully established. Therefore, the effect of RTEP technology on poverty and food security status of cassava-farming households in southwestern Nigeria was investi...

EFFECTS OF SOCIAL CAPITAL AND MICROCREDIT ON PROFITABILITY OF GRAIN TRADERS IN SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Grain marketing requires considerable investment of fund but traders are often plagued with inadequate capital to run their enterprises. The inadequacy of fund prevents traders from expanding their businesses resulting in low profit margin. However, social capital is increasingly recognised as a bridge for the gap in credit availability which can help in business expansion and profitability. There is little empirical evidence on the extent of the effectiveness of social capital and ...

GENDER DIMENSION OF SOCIAL CAPITAL AND ITS EFFECTS ON RURAL HOUSEHOLD WELFARE IN OSUN AND ONDO STATES, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Social capital is trust and willingness to live by the norms of one’s associates. This household welfare asset has the potential to break the poverty cycle. However, there is little evidence on gender sensitivity of the effect of social capital on welfare status in Nigeria. Hence, gender dimension of social capital and its effects on rural household welfare in Osun and Ondo states, Nigeria were investigated. A multistage random sampling technique was employed for the study. Osun a...

EFFECTS OF RICE TRADE POLICIES ON HOUSEHOLD WELFARE IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Inconsistent trade policies have characterised Nigeria’s rice importation, leading to planning and decision-making challenges for producers and consumers, and with fluctuating consequences on welfare status. However, studies on Rice Trade Policy (RTP) have been carried out within the partial equilibrium framework which do not reveal the welfare effects on all sectors and households in the economy. For effective RTP, an understanding of the economy-wide welfare effects is necessary...

PROCESSORS’ WILLINGNESS-TO-PAY FOR PRODUCT QUALITY CERTIFICATION: THE CASE OF INFANT CEREAL FOOD SECTOR IN GREATER ACCRA REGION

ABSTRACT There have been investments in the infant food sector in Ghana in recent times. This is as a result of the introduction of cereal foods fortified appropriately for children aged five and below aimed at eradicating or reducing malnutrition. However, competition from transnational and multinational companies with branded and certified products is hindering progress of local companies in the sector. This study seeks to assess local processors’ willingness to pay (WTP) for product qual...

PRODUCTION RISK AND TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF LOWLAND RICE FARMS IN ASHANTI REGION, GHANA

ABSTRACT The study was conducted to analyse production risk and technical efficiency of lowland rice farms in Ashanti region using adjusted stochastic production frontier. Cross sectional data for 2014 cropping season was collected from 200 sampled rice farms using multistage sampling technique. The results of the study revealed very low utilization of improved seed (42.8 kg/ha) by famers as against the standard quantity of 100kg/ha. Among the farm inputs used, fertilizer and improved seed we...

ECONOMIC IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON SMALLHOLDER CROP FARMS IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT The negative effect of Climate Change (CC) on agriculture across Africa has been well established. This underscores its global policy interest. In Nigeria, crop farming is climate dependent and farmholders often employ measures that are sub-optimal against climate risk. This raises the vulnerability of farming to CC uncertainty. For a long time, knowledge of CC perception by farmholders dominated the existing literature. However, information on economic estimates of damages and resp...

VALUE CHAIN AND COMPETITIVENESS OF PLANTAIN IN SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Nigeria ranks fifth in world plantain production but has low export volume. The low export may be a result of activities along its value chain. However there is little information on the number of employment generated, comparative advantage, competitiveness and effects of policies on plantain. Therefore, the competitiveness of plantain along the value chain in southwestern Nigeria was investigated. A three stage sampling procedure was used. The ten high plantain producing Local Gov...

Rice Farmers' Perception of Climate Change and Adaptation Strategies in the Ketu North District, Volta Region of Ghana

ABSTRACT This study assessed rice farmers’ perception of climate change and adaptation strategies towards tackling the challenges climate change poses to the rice farmers in Ketu North District, Volta Region of Ghana. The multistage sampling technique was used to obtain a sample size of 340 rice farmers from six (6) farming sections and a structured questionnaire was used to elicit data from the respondents. The data collected from the rice farmers were analyzed using descriptive statistic...

Production Risk and Technical Efficiency of Lowlan Rice Farms in Ahanti Region, Ghana

ABSTRACT  The study was conducted to analyse production risk and technical efficiency of lowland rice farms in Ashanti region using adjusted stochastic production frontier. Cross sectional data for 2014 cropping season was collected from 200 sampled rice farms using multistage sampling technique. The results of the study revealed very low utilization of improved seed (42.8 kg/ha) by famers as against the standard quantity of 100kg/ha. Among the farm inputs used, fertilizer and improved ...

NON-INCOME INEQUALITY AMONG RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Inequality is an important factor in understanding the welfare of rural households. Most discussions on inequality have focused primarily on income to the exclusion of non-income dimensions such as skills, education, political participation, health and life expectancy. Knowledge of non-income inequality will enhance the understanding of the key welfare attributes of Rural Households (RHs). The extent of and factors affecting non-income inequality among households in rural Nigeria we...

NATIONAL HEALTH INSURANCE, WOMEN’S AUTONOMY AND MATERNAL HEALTHCARE UTILISATION IN GHANA

ABSTRACT The effectiveness of health insurance and women’s autonomy in removing barriers to the utilisation of maternal healthcare in order to curb maternal mortality especially in developing countries is gaining ground. However, in assessing the effects of health insurance on choice of delivery facilities, studies either put all facility-based delivery services together and compare with home care or fail to address endogeneity problem. Moreover, the connections among health insurance, auto...

THE STRUCTURE AND EFFICIENCY IN RESOURCE USE IN MAIZE PRODUCTION IN THE ASAMNKESE DISTRICT OF GHANA

ABSTRACT The study sets out to find out on one hand, the present structure of resources in agricultural production and secondly, to delve deeper into the controversy surrounding the comparative efficiency in resource use by sharecroppers and owner farmers in agricultural production. The approaches used to assess the structure of the resources are frequency distributions, descriptive analyses and estimation of cost composition of individual resources. In assessing the comparative effic...

Analysis of Value Chain in Rice Production Systems in Ebonyi State, Nigeria

Abstract This study analyzed the value chain in rice production systems in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Purposive and random sampling techniques were used in the selection of respondents for the study. The Rice value chain actors comprised rice farmers, processors and traders. Data for the study were obtained from primary sources using questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Functional analysis, Value Chain Map, Costs and Returns analysis, Linear Programming tec...

Analysis of the Profitability of Maize Products in Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study analyzes the profitability of maize products in Nigeria. It determines the socio-economic characteristics and processing activities of the processors; it identifies the various processed products from maize and then estimates costs and associated returns to maize processing. It also identifies constraints to maize processing; analyzed the factors that influence profit and investigate the specific effects of identified constraints on the processor’s growth potential of...


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