Agricultural Economics Research Papers/Topics

IMPACT OF PRODUCTIVE SAFETY NET PROGRAM ON HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY AND ASSET BUILDING: THE CASE OF GORO GUTU DISTRICT, EAST HARARGHE ZONE OF OROMIA NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: In Ethiopia, the problem of food security is an enduring critical challenge, which their responses were dominated by annual emergency food aid for a long time. In 2005, to combat the problem of food security and to move away from the previous system of annual emergency appeals, the Ethiopian government in collaboration with development partners launched social protection program called productive safety net program. This study was evaluated the impact of PSNP on household food secu...

IMPACT OF MODERN BEEKEEPING PRACTICE ON THE HOUSEHOLD`S INCOME: THE CASE OF WONCHI DISTRICT OF OROMIA NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Modern beekeeping development is considered as a potential area to enhance the income of smallholder farmers by the Ethiopian government. To this end, special emphasis has been given to research and extension activities on the modern beekeeping practice at different scales. However, scientific evidences on participation, it`s utilization and its impact on the household income in Wonchi district were not documented. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify the factors that de...

Value Chain Analysis of Wheat (Triticum aestivum): The Case of Dembecha District, West Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia

Abstract: Wheat market in Dembecha district experienced in poor market linkage, disproportional benefit share, and inadequate market supply and market alternatives. This study was aimed to analyze value chain actors’ interaction and their role, wheat market structure-conduct and performance, factors affecting market supply and market outlet choices of smallholder wheat producers in Dembecha district of West Gojjam zone. The study used cross-sectional data collected from a sample of 130 far...

PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY AND MARKET SUPPLY OF SORGHUM: THE CASE OF SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN KAFTA-HUMERA DISTRICT OF TIGRAY, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Efficiency is an important factor for increasing productivity which leads to increase in market supply to achieve the goal of food security. In economics where resources are scarce and opportunities to use new technologies are limited, increasing efficiency remains the most reasonable means to raise productivity without necessarily developing new technologies or increasing the resource base. Low agricultural production efficiency or inefficiency rises because of failure of market. ...

CONTRIBUTION OF HOMEGARDENS TO HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN BOLOSO BOMBE DISTRICT OF WOLAITA ZONE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Homegarden is a land use system involving deliberate management of multipurpose trees and shrubs in intimate association with annual and perennial agricultural crops and invariably livestock within the compounds of individual houses. The high diversity of species in HG has wide socioeconomic and agro-ecological roles. Recently, there has been a decline in yields and income earnings from homegardens. These declines required a strategic plan that will enhance the balancing of the pro...

PERFORMANCE OF VEGETABLE MARKET: THE CASE OF KOMBOLCHA DISTRICT, EAST HARARGHE ZONE OF OROMIA REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Markets are important for economic growth and sustainable development of a given country. However, in the absence of well-functioning markets, agricultural production can experience several drawbacks. With the main objective of examining vegetables marketing system in Kombolcha district of eastern Hararghe zone, Oromia region, Ethiopia, primary data from 123 randomly selected vegetable farmers and time series data from CSA were used. Descriptive statistics and econometric models we...

IMPACTS OF CLIMATE VARIABILITY ON TEFF [ERAGROSTIS TEF (Zucc.) Trotter] PRODUCTIVITY AND FARMERS’ ADAPTATION STRATEGIES IN TOKE KUTAYE DISTRICT, CENTRAL ETHIOPA

Abstract: Climate variability impacts are the biggest concern of developing countries like Ethiopia, with economic system dependent on rain-fed agriculture. Assessment of the impact of climate variability on agriculture might help to properly anticipate and adapt farming condition for maximized productivity. The overall objective of the present study was therefore to analyze the impacts of climate variability on teff [Eragrostis Tef (Zucc.)Trotter] productivity and adaptation strategies used...

TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF MAIZE PRODUCTION: THE CASE OF SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN SOUTH ACHEFER DISTRICT OF WEST GOJJAM ZONE, AMHARA NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: The objectives of the study were to analyze the level of technical efficiency and to identify the determinants of technical inefficiency of maize production in South Achefer District of Amhara National Regional State. The study was conducted based on cross-sectional data obtained from a random sample of 155 maize producer households in the District. Parametric approach of stochastic frontier using Cobb-Douglas production function in single stage estimation. Data were collected from...

POTATO VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS: THE CASE OF JELDU DISTRICT, WEST SHEWA ZONE OF OROMIA NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Jeldu district is known for potato production. However, lower production and productivity, low output price, high input prices and lack of value chain development were the major problems constraining the potential benefit from the sector. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to analyze potato value chain in Jeldu district. The specific objectives of the study were mapping potato value chain actors, analyze their roles and linkages; identifying factors affecting quantity of pot...

SHEEP AND GOAT MARKET CHAIN ANALYSIS: THE CASE OF KEBRIBAYAH DISTRICT OF SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: The study was initiated with the objectives of analyzing the structure, conduct and performance of markets to measure the efficiency of pastoral and agro pastoral participation in sheep and goats market chains and examine the major factors that influence the quantity of sheep and goats marketed by the producer households. Three steps Stratified random sampling procedure was used to determine the sample households based on the farming system and accessibility of the kebeles of the d...

INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS OF MILK MARKETING: THE CASE OF WUKRO KILTEAWLALO DISTRICT, EASTERN ZONE OF TIGRAY, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Institutional set-up assists and facilitates transaction of products especially like milk that need immediate exchange due to easily spoilage nature. Studies focusing on institutional analysis in dairy marketing have not been done in the study area so far. Thus, this study was conducted in Wukro Kilteawlalo District of Eastern Zone, Tigray. The study aims to analyze the institutional set-up of milk marketing. Both primary and secondary data were used. Primary data were collected fr...

PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY, COMMERCIALIZATION AND ITS IMPACT ON FOOD SECURITY OF SMALLHOLDER PULSE PRODUCERS IN EAST GOJJAM ZONE, AMHARA REGION, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: This study examines pulse producers production efficiency, commercialization and its impact on food security using a cross-sectional data obtained from 385 randomly and proportionately selected sampled households from East Gojjam zone, Amhara National Regional State of Ethiopia. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and econometric models including two limit Tobit, double hurdle, Binary Logit, Seemingly Unrelated Regression and Generalized Propensity Score. The mean techn...

IMPACT OF SMALL-SCALE IRRIGATION SCHEME ON HOUSEHOLD FARM INCOME IN JARDEGA JARTE DISTRICT, OROMIA NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Irrigation increases productivity by reducing crop losses that is created due to limited water supply, enable cultivation during the lean season, and making crop production possible on lands where rain fed agriculture is infeasible. The geographical location of the Jardega Jarte district is favorable for small-scale irrigation practices but most smallholder farmers are not participating in small-scale irrigation scheme. Possible reasons for non-participation have not been systemati...

MAGNITUDE AND DETERMINANTS OF PASTORAL HOUSEHOLDS FOOD INSECURITY: THE CASE OF DEGAHBOUR DISTRICT OF SOMALI REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: The design and implementation of effective measures to reduce pastoral household food insecurity in the study area depends on an in-depth understanding of the dimensions, covariates and magnitude of food insecurity. Therefore, this study was carried out with the objectives of measuring the magnitude and determinants of pastoral households’ food insecurity in Degahbour district of Somali Regional State. To achieve these objectives, crosssectional data on demographic, socio-economi...

DETERMINANTS OF SMALLHOLDER FARMERS’ COMMERCIALIZATION OF POTATO AND HEAD CABBAGE IN KOFALE DISTRICT, WEST ARSI ZONE, OROMIA REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Even though agricultural commercialization is considered as the main engine to contribute to economic growth of the country and to transform the traditional agriculture of farmers the extent of commercialization is still not as expected in Ethiopia as evidenced from different literature particularly there are no adequate studies on the determinants of potato and head cabbage commercialization in the study area. This study was aimed to identify status and determinants of farmers’ ...


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