Research Papers/Topics in Agricultural Extension And Rural Development

The Determinants of Rural Households Food Security and Coping Strategies: The Case of Meta District, East Hararghe Zone of Oromia National Regional State of Ethiopia

The Determinants of Rural Households Food Security and Coping Strategies: The Case of Meta District, East Hararghe Zone of Oromia National Regional State of Ethiopia ABSTRACT An understanding of the major determinants of food security is important for interventions aiming at minimizing food insecurity. Therefore, this study was carried out in Meta district of East Hararghe Zone, the objectives of this study were to assess status of household food security, to analyze the determinant...

Soil Moisture Conservation, Cropping Systems And Soil Fertility Effects On Soil And Maize Performance In Machakos County, Kenya

The main causes of food insecurity in semi–arid parts of Kenya are low soil fertility, low and unreliable rainfall. These two causes are the main challenges facing small-scale farmers in food production especially in semi-arid areas of the country. To overcome these challenges, soil and water management technologies especially those in soil and water conservation need to be embraced. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of tied ridges, fertilizers and cropping systems on ...

Contribution Of Ngusishi Water Resource User Association Towards Farm Forestry Adoption In Ewaso Ng’iro North Catchment Area, Kenya

ABSTRACTTraditional perspective approach has always considered environmental resources such as water as free goods without physical boundaries and the complexity of water uses and users makes it difficult to manage water resources in an efficient and equitable way. In addition, the current low tree planting trends and over harvesting imbalances are suspect and feared to threaten the continuity of the very tree-crop growing practice that has supported farming households over the years. The Ngu...

Distribution, Utilization and Management of Prunus africana (Hook. f) in Gichugu Division, Kirinyaga District, Central Kenya

ABSTRACT Prunus africana (Hook. f) Kalkman happens to be among the very important tree species. Its bark is used to treat prostate gland hypertrophy (PGH) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The increased demand for its medicinal value, together with other uses, has led to the over exploitation of this species in its natural habitat. Its cultivation by small-scale farmers appears to be the only long-term solution for meeting future products needs and its conservation. There is howev...

Effects Of Gibberellic Acid And Cytokinin Application On Morphological Development, Growth, Quality And Yield Of French Beans Grown Under Different Irrigation Schedules

ABSTRACTFrench bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an increasingly important vegetable crop in Kenya accounting for a significant proportion of foreign exchange earned from horticulture. Farmers in Kenya experience insufficient and unreliable rainfall that affects yields and subsequent family incomes. Attempts to address this situation have been further hampered by poor rainfall distribution. Integration of plant growth regulators in French bean production are among the options that have been sug...

Effects Of Fertilizer-N And Organic Resource Management On Soil Aggregates Formation And Carbon Cycling In The Central Highlands Of Kenya

ABSTRACTThe maintenance of proper levels of soil organic matter (SOM) has been advocated as one of the main ways of combating soil fertility decline in sub Saharan Africa (SSA). SOM levels can be increased through increased aggregate formation as soil aggregates physically protect SOM, from its loss through decomposition. The objective of this study was to investigate how the amendment of soils of varying texture and fertility levels with fertilizer-N and organic resources affects aggregate f...

Assessment Of Efficiency Of Agrofood Marketing Systems: A Case Of Macadamia Nuts Value Chain In The Central Kenya Highlands

ABSTRACT The macadamia industry in Kenya has been faced with numerous operational and marketing challenges forcing the government to impose export ban of raw nuts since 2008 to date. The then Ministry of Agriculture appointed a task force in 2011 to specifically look into challenges that have been facing the macadamia industry including import ban of Kenya’s kernel by USA. Export of macadamia nuts from Kenya has also dropped from 2 nd to 5 th position in sales volume in the world fr...

Effect Of Conservation Agriculture On Water Retention, Soil Properties And Maize Yields In Semi-Arid Kajiado County, Kenya

ABSTRACTFood insecurity and hunger are global challenges attributed to poor crop harvests, landdegradation, low soil moisture and declining soil fertility. Low maize yields andhousehold food insecurity in Kajiado, Kenya could be alleviated by use of sustainableagricultural practices such as conservation agriculture (CA), integrated soil fertilitymanagement (ISFM) and increased water use efficiency. This study was carried out inKajiado during the long rainy season of March-July, 2016 to ...

Effects Of Rainfall Variability And Integrated Soil Fertility Management On Maize Productivity In Embu County, Kenya

ABSTRACTDrier parts of Embu County endure high atmospheric heat, prolonged dry spells, declining soil fertility and erratic rainfall. Local soil and climatic variability contributes to large variations among replications of experimental treatments and inconsistence in research results leading to poor comparability of results within and without different agro-ecological zones (AEZs) hence need for site specific scenario analyses through modelling. Thus, this study sought to; i) evaluate season...

Role Of School Based Clubs In Addressing Environmental Threats In The Nile Basin, Case Of Jinja District, Uganda

ABSTRACTThis study sought to examine the different ways in which secondary school based clubs in Jinja District, Uganda addressed Nile basin environmental threats. The ultimate goal of the study was to enhance secondary school based clubs capacity to address the environmental threats in Uganda effectively. Primary data was collected through use of questionnaires, Focus Group Discussions (FGD), photographs and observation methods from selected secondary schools. Secondary data was gathered fro...

Selected Factors Influencing Sustainability Of Cereal Banks Among Maize Farmer Groups In Kimilili Sub-county, Kenya

Cereal banks in Kenya were started by Government, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and other civil society with the aim of enhancing local food security, improving incomes and livelihoods for maize farmers through collective marketing. Despite efforts of establishing them, majority have collapsed once outside support is withdrawn. Generally it is known that farmer organizations including cereal banks tend to collapse if there is no participation in group activiti...

Effect Of Ict Use On Performance Of Agrienterprises. A Case Of Smallholder Pineapple Farmers In Kiambu County, Kenya.

ABSTRACTRecently, there has been emergence in the use of modern Information Communication Technologies (ICT) in the different operations of agrienterprises. This ranges from the provision of agricultural information to marketing of agricultural products through the use of ICT tools such as mobile phones, television and radio. Despite the potential of ICT tools to enhance efficiency in agrienterprises operations, little is known about the effect of ICT use on performance and farm income of sma...

Effect Of Ict Use On Performance Of Agrienterprises. A Case Of Smallholder Pineapple Farmers In Kiambu County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Recently, there has been emergence in the use of modern Information Communication Technologies (ICT) in the different operations of agrienterprises. This ranges from the provision of agricultural information to marketing of agricultural products through the use of ICT tools such as mobile phones, television and radio. Despite the potential of ICT tools to enhance efficiency in agrienterprises operations, little is known about the effect of ICT use on performance and farm in...

The Status Of Sanitation Facilities In Selected Public Schools In Kabushi Constituency Of Ndola Urban

 The study assessed the status of Sanitation in selected public schools of Kabushi Constituency in Ndola district. The study employed a cross sectional or survey design. The target population consisted of the Ndola city council public health department, school administrators, teachers and pupils in public schools. Purposive sampling was used to select Ndola as the study area, four (4) headteachers and two key informants from the department of health. The simple random sampling meth...

Effects Of Watering Regimes, Fertilizer Levels On Nutrients Uptake, Growth And Yield Of Upland Rice In Mwea, Kenya

ABSTRACT Upland rice contributes substantially to food and nutritional security in many African countries. Introduction of NERICA cultivars was meant to boost the production and hence area under upland rice. Factors such as poor soils and inadequate rainfall limit both the quality and achievement of yield targets. The research aimed to establish the impact of water levels, fertilizer rates on nutrients uptake and performance of NERICA 1 rice variety. It was carried out in a greenhouse s...


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