Research Papers/Topics in Agricultural Extension And Rural Development

The Effects of Soil Degradation to Sustainable Agriculture in Chongwe District, Zambia

ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to investigate the effects of land degradation on agricultural land use, planning and management in chongwe, Zambia and specifically determined farmers’ considerations of land suitability for selected types of agricultural land uses in varying cropping zones, investigated farmers’ local environmental knowledge of land degradation indicators and finally documented farmers’ land management strategies and practices for soil and sustainable Agricultur...

Modern Electronics For Agriculture

ABSTRACTThe field of electronics continues to change and evolve rapidly. Electronics are increasingly being used to collect and process all types of data, transfer information, make decisions, and provide automation and control functions. Modern microcontrollers and semiconductor components offer many advantages and ease of use in designing custom measurement and control systems. An array of microcontrollers, sensors, and accessory components are presented and their features, capabilitie...

Soil Moisture Conservation, Cropping Systems And Soil Fertility Effects On Soil And Maize Performance In Machakos County, Kenya

The main causes of food insecurity in semi–arid parts of Kenya are low soil fertility, low and unreliable rainfall. These two causes are the main challenges facing small-scale farmers in food production especially in semi-arid areas of the country. To overcome these challenges, soil and water management technologies especially those in soil and water conservation need to be embraced. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of tied ridges, fertilizers and cropping systems on ...

Contribution Of Ngusishi Water Resource User Association Towards Farm Forestry Adoption In Ewaso Ng’iro North Catchment Area, Kenya

ABSTRACTTraditional perspective approach has always considered environmental resources such as water as free goods without physical boundaries and the complexity of water uses and users makes it difficult to manage water resources in an efficient and equitable way. In addition, the current low tree planting trends and over harvesting imbalances are suspect and feared to threaten the continuity of the very tree-crop growing practice that has supported farming households over the years. The Ngu...

Distribution, Utilization and Management of Prunus africana (Hook. f) in Gichugu Division, Kirinyaga District, Central Kenya

ABSTRACT Prunus africana (Hook. f) Kalkman happens to be among the very important tree species. Its bark is used to treat prostate gland hypertrophy (PGH) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The increased demand for its medicinal value, together with other uses, has led to the over exploitation of this species in its natural habitat. Its cultivation by small-scale farmers appears to be the only long-term solution for meeting future products needs and its conservation. There is howev...

Effects Of Gibberellic Acid And Cytokinin Application On Morphological Development, Growth, Quality And Yield Of French Beans Grown Under Different Irrigation Schedules

ABSTRACTFrench bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an increasingly important vegetable crop in Kenya accounting for a significant proportion of foreign exchange earned from horticulture. Farmers in Kenya experience insufficient and unreliable rainfall that affects yields and subsequent family incomes. Attempts to address this situation have been further hampered by poor rainfall distribution. Integration of plant growth regulators in French bean production are among the options that have been sug...

Effects Of Fertilizer-N And Organic Resource Management On Soil Aggregates Formation And Carbon Cycling In The Central Highlands Of Kenya

ABSTRACTThe maintenance of proper levels of soil organic matter (SOM) has been advocated as one of the main ways of combating soil fertility decline in sub Saharan Africa (SSA). SOM levels can be increased through increased aggregate formation as soil aggregates physically protect SOM, from its loss through decomposition. The objective of this study was to investigate how the amendment of soils of varying texture and fertility levels with fertilizer-N and organic resources affects aggregate f...

Assessment Of Efficiency Of Agrofood Marketing Systems: A Case Of Macadamia Nuts Value Chain In The Central Kenya Highlands

ABSTRACT The macadamia industry in Kenya has been faced with numerous operational and marketing challenges forcing the government to impose export ban of raw nuts since 2008 to date. The then Ministry of Agriculture appointed a task force in 2011 to specifically look into challenges that have been facing the macadamia industry including import ban of Kenya’s kernel by USA. Export of macadamia nuts from Kenya has also dropped from 2 nd to 5 th position in sales volume in the world fr...

Effect Of Conservation Agriculture On Water Retention, Soil Properties And Maize Yields In Semi-Arid Kajiado County, Kenya

ABSTRACTFood insecurity and hunger are global challenges attributed to poor crop harvests, landdegradation, low soil moisture and declining soil fertility. Low maize yields andhousehold food insecurity in Kajiado, Kenya could be alleviated by use of sustainableagricultural practices such as conservation agriculture (CA), integrated soil fertilitymanagement (ISFM) and increased water use efficiency. This study was carried out inKajiado during the long rainy season of March-July, 2016 to ...

Effects Of Rainfall Variability And Integrated Soil Fertility Management On Maize Productivity In Embu County, Kenya

ABSTRACTDrier parts of Embu County endure high atmospheric heat, prolonged dry spells, declining soil fertility and erratic rainfall. Local soil and climatic variability contributes to large variations among replications of experimental treatments and inconsistence in research results leading to poor comparability of results within and without different agro-ecological zones (AEZs) hence need for site specific scenario analyses through modelling. Thus, this study sought to; i) evaluate season...

Role Of School Based Clubs In Addressing Environmental Threats In The Nile Basin, Case Of Jinja District, Uganda

ABSTRACTThis study sought to examine the different ways in which secondary school based clubs in Jinja District, Uganda addressed Nile basin environmental threats. The ultimate goal of the study was to enhance secondary school based clubs capacity to address the environmental threats in Uganda effectively. Primary data was collected through use of questionnaires, Focus Group Discussions (FGD), photographs and observation methods from selected secondary schools. Secondary data was gathered fro...

Biogas Energy Electricity Generation And Interconnection To The Power Grid

Executive Summary Increasing energy prices and the availability of new small generation technologies are encouraging many small consumers and mid-sized business to consider alternative energy sources. Renewable energy sources include power from wind, solar, hydro and biomass projects. Alberta Agriculture Food and Rural Development would like to develop the steps required to effectively interconnect small and mid-sized generation applications to the electrical utility systems. The steps ...

Sustaining Rural Livelihoods: On-Farm Climate Smart Adaptation Measures among Smallholder Farmers in Rural Ghana

Abstract Rural livelihoods, incidence of poverty and climate change are intricately connected in the Offinso Municipality in the Ashanti region of Ghana. Conscious of the vagaries of climate change, smallholder farmers have developed adaptation measures to sustain their subsistent livelihoods. This paper examines the various on-farm adaptation measures among smallholder farmers in the Offinso municipality with the view to drawing lessons for effective policy making and implementatio...

Vegetable Farmers' Perception of Wastewater Use in Ojoo Local Government Area (Lga) of Lagos State

Abstract In Nigeria, as in many other countries, wastewater use in agricultural production by farming households is on the rise and there is a need to draw the attention of key players and urban authorities in fostering appropriate planning initiatives. For this reason, the perception and knowledge of vegetable farmers becomes necessary to improve their production activities and yield. While previous studies have confirmed limited or no awareness information and education to vegetabl...

Effects of Contract Farming Scheme on Cassava Production Enterprise in Oyo State, Nigeria

Abstract     There are indications that the domestic demand for cassava particularly as staple food may in no time outweigh that of the industrial sector, except contract and non-contract farming entrepreneurs operate within the framework of sustainable agriculture. The study thus examines the effects of contract farming scheme on cassava production in Oyo State, Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique was used. Oyo and Ibadan/Ibarapa zones were randomly selected ...


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