Research Papers/Topics in Agricultural Extension And Rural Development

Sustainability Of Ngo Supported Water Supply Projects: The Case Of Elct Konde Diocese Shallow Wells Project In Mbozi District, Tanzania

ABSTRACTMany large water projects that were established and managed by community and centralgovernments in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) failed mainly due to inadequate communityparticipation in planning and implementation of such rural domestic water supply projects.The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania - Konde Diocese (ELCT-KOD) incollaboration with Marion Medical Mission (MMM) introduced shallow wells project inMbozi District in 2002. Out of 1061 shallow wells constructed by ELCT-Konde Di...

The Contribution Of Vocational Education To Youth Employment: A Case Study Of Veta And Non Veta Graduates In Morogoro Region

ABSTRACTThe overall objective of this study was to assess the contribution of vocational education to youth employment in Morogoro Region. The specific objectives were to identifying factors that influence vocational education graduates in getting employment; determine the attitudes of employers; assess the vocational skills practiced by graduates of vocational education centres and employed vocational youth graduates; compare youth incomes between VETA and non VETA graduates; and determine p...

Parents’ Income And Primary School Students Performance In Tabora Region

BSTRACTThe aim of the study was to investigate the influence of parent’s income on the student’sperformance in primary schools in Tabora region. The specific objectives of the studywere;(i) to examine the relationship between parent’s education level and students’performance;(ii) to investigate the extent of fulfillments of basic study materials needed inclass and during private time studies; (iii) to investigate parental influence on managingstudents’ time and other necessary resou...

Sexual Behaviour And Risk Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Moshi Rural District Secondary School Students In Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania

ABSTRACTTanzania is realizing an increase in adolescents engaged in multiple sex partnerbehaviour and premarital sex. The objective of this study was to assess sexualbehaviour and risk factors among secondary school students in Moshi rural districtin Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Anonymous questionnaires were completed by 360students in six secondary schools randomly selected by gender and students' grade.Statistical analyses were performed using descriptive statistics. Of 360 students,55.3% reporte...

Determinants Of Voting In Morogoro Municipality

ABSTRACTThe study was driven by the fact that there is a great proportion of registered voterswho do not vote in the elections. This will have negative impact on consolidatingdemocracy and expanding collective decision making through representation if nottaken care of. The main objective of the study was to analyze the determinants ofvoting in Morogoro Municipality while the specific objectives were to assess theknowledge and attitude of voters towards the elections in the study area, estimat...

Association Between Some Socio-Cultural Factors And Academic Perfomance In Primary Education In Namtumbo District, Tanzania

ABSTRACTIn spite of measures taken by key stakeholders including the government, NGOs, and CBOs in Tanzania to improve primary education, the problem of poor academic performance is persistent in Namtumbo District. Almost all districts of Ruvuma Region are facing this problem, but the problem is much bigger in Namtumbo. Therefore, a cross-sectional study to determine associations between some socio-cultural factors and academic performance in primary schools was conducted in Namtumbo District...

Cultural Drivers Of Zoonotic Diseases And Impact Of The Diseases On Poverty In Ngorongoro District, Tanzania

ABSTRACTThere have been a lot of cultural practices which are risky for transmission of zoonotic diseases which are practised by pastoral societies despite efforts to combat such practices. The general objective of this study was to determine cultural drivers of zoonotic diseases and their impact on poverty, whereas the specific objectives were to: (a) assess cultural practices which are risky for transmission of zoonotic diseases, (b) identify the commonest animal and human infectious diseas...

Factors Affecting Adoption Of Artificial Insemination Technology By Dairy Farmers In Kinondoni District

ABSTRACTA study was carried out in Kinondoni district in Dar es Salaam region with the aim ofestablishing factors affecting adoption of AI technology by dairy farmers. Data werecollected using formal and informal interviews where structured questionnaires wereadministered to 90 randomly selected dairy farmers from three wards. The data wereanalysed quantitatively using descriptive analysis and Tobit regression. Results fromdescriptive analysis indicated that dairy farmers who used AI technolo...

Transfer And Utilisation Of Selected Agro-Pastoralists’ Livestock Indigenous Production Innovations In Tanzania: A Case Of Hanang District

ABSTRACTA sound understanding of amalgamation of indigenous and modern innovations could result into improved quality of live and can increase the opportunities of individuals to partake in agro-pastoral communities. The purpose of this study was therefore to assess availability, transfer and utilisation of selected agro-pastoralists’ livestock indigenous production innovations in Hanang District of Manyara Region, Tanzania. The specific objectives were to, identify agro-pastoralists livest...

Hunter-Gatherers’ Coping Strategies On Climate Change In Iramba And Mbulu Districts, Tanzania

ABSTRACTThe study intended to establish the perceptions of community on climate change, identifying the Hadzabe’ food insecurity coping strategies toward climate change and assessing the extent of food availability and stability. The study was conducted in five selected villages in Iramba and Mbulu Districts namely Kipamba, Munguli, Yaedachini, Mongo wa Mono and Domanga. The cross-sectional technique was used to collect data. Purposive and Simple random sampling methods were used to obtain ...

Factors Affecting Market Access Among Spice Farmers In Zanzibar

ABSTRACTUsing survey data and secondary information, this study was carried out to analyse factors affecting market access among spice farmers in Zanzibar. The study’s specific objectives were (i) to examine economic characteristics of spice farmers and spice traders, (ii) to assess marketing channels for spices produced in Zanzibar, (iii) to analyse spice market potential in Zanzibar (Demand and Supply), and (iv) to examine factors influencing spice market access among spice farmers. This ...

Media And Sexual Behaviour Of Secondary School Students: A Case Of Arusha Municipality

ABSTRACTSecondary school student‟s sexual behaviour is one of the most serious problems facing the world. Secondary school students continue to be sexually active regardless of associated problems such as unwanted pregnancies, sexual transmitted diseases (STDs), unprotected sex and alarming incidences of HIV/AIDS. These problems lead to a burden on the part of the family, community and nation at large in terms of human pain, suffering and health care expenditures. Although efforts have been...

Community Participation In Water Development Projects In Mbeya District, Tanzania

ABSTRACTA study on community participation in water development projects was conducted inMbeya district in Mbeya region. The study investigated community participation in ruraldomestic water development projects. A total of 120 respondents from six villages wereinterviewed using interview schedule. Interview with key informants and focus groupdiscussions (FGDs) were also conducted. The analysis of collected data was done using theStatistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). This study foun...

Sustainability Of Water Projects: A Case Of Selected Projects In Iringa District, Tanzania

ABSTRACTThe study was conducted to examine the factors for sustainability of water projects in IringaDistrict, Tanzania. Iringa District was selected as the area of study because in spite of many water projects invested at the area, the accessibility of clean water is only 40.7%. The study specifically ought to determine water sources protection strategies adopted at the study area, to assess participation of stakeholders in different stages of water projects development, to analyze the insti...

Assessment Of Students’ Academic Performance Under Secondary Education Development Plan (Sedp I) Implementation: The Case Of Nyamagana District, Tanzania.

ABSTRACTThe study was conducted to assess students’ academic performance under Secondary Education Development Plan (SEDP I) implementation in Nyamagana District, Tanzania. Data were collected using both structured and non-structured interviews. Field observations and secondary data supplemented the data collected using questionnaires. Purposive sampling procedure was used to select 5 schools that were in place before and after SEDP 1 implementation. At the school level, 12 teachers and 8 s...


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