Research Papers/Topics in Plant Breeding

Genetic Analysis And Marker Assisted Breeding For Drought Tolerance And Yield In Chickpea (Cicer Arietinum L.)

ABSTRACT Chickpea is an important legume crop in the arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs). It is commonly grown during the post-rainy season under receding soil moisture conditions. This exposes the crop to drought especially terminal drought which occurs towards the end of the cropping period, causing high yield losses. Developing drought tolerant and high yielding chickpea genotypes, incorporating farmer prefer traits, is an important goal for plant breeders in the ASALs for increased pro...

Development Of Topcross Hybrid Maize (Zea Mays L.) For Yield And Resistance To Maize Streak Virus Disease

Studies were conducted to explore the potential of utilizing Ghanaian maize landraces for improved grain yield and resistance to the maize streak virus disease. Farmer perceptions of the maize streak virus disease as well as constraints to the adoption of improved varieties and farmers’ continuous reliance on local landraces or farmer varieties and production constraints were investigated. Genomic characterization of Maize streak virus (MSV) strains found in the forest and transit...

Characterization Of Cultivated Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea L.) And Genetic Analysis Of Late Leaf Spot Resistance In Togo

ABSTRACT Though an important crop, the yield of groundnut has been decreasing for years because of a lack of a strong breeding programme in Togo. In recent years, efforts have been going on to establish a well-functioning breeding programme to develop varieties for improving productivity and production of groundnut. The main aims of this study were to: assess farmers’ perceptions of production constraints and preference criteria, characterize cultivated groundnut varieties and st...

Genomic Study And Genetic Improvement of Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L) MOENCH] For High Protein Digestibility

ABSTRACT Sorghum is a staple crop and a major source of food and energy for the World’s developing countries. However, its utilization as human food is constrained by the low availability of its proteins after wet cooking which could lead to malnutrition, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. West Africa has a great diversity of sorghum yet, its study and use for improved protein digestibility remains unexplored. To provide knowledge on the characterization of West African sorghum germpla...

IDENTIFICATION OF SOURCES AND LOCI FOR DEVELOPMENT OF SOYABEAN [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] CULTIVARS THAT COMBINE BACTERIAL PUSTULE AND SEED DECAY RESISTANCE WITH HIGH POD CLEARANCE

Globally, diseases constitute a major biotic constraint to soyabean production. Although, the list of diseases of soyabean in Ghana has been published, the incidence, severity, and distribution of listed diseases were not indicated. Secondly, the Savannah Agriculture Research Institute (SARI) has accumulated considerable number of soyabean genotypes most of which were sourced from the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and the United States Departm...

Genetic Improvement Of Root Yield And Nutritional Quality Of Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) In Sierra Leone

ABSTRACTCassava storage root is a major staple. However, the tuber is poor in nutrients especially micronutrients. The study was conducted to improve the nutritional status of cassava with farmers’ preferred traits in Sierra Leone. The specific objectives were i) to assess adoption challenges, perception and preferences for provitamin A cassava among cassava value chain actors in Sierra Leone. ii) to estimate genetic diversity within provitamin A cassava germplasm using morphological, molec...

Genetic Improvement Of Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata (L.) Walp) For Phosphorus Use Efficiency

ABSTRACTCowpea is an important grain legume crop for millions of humans, fodder for livestock and source of income for all the value chain actors. Its productivity is constrained by several biotic and abiotic stresses such as drought and poor soil fertility. Aligned with poor soil fertility in most growing areas, this thesis describes phosphorus (P) use and acquisition of elite cowpea lines from different breeding programmes. In the first chapter, a brief overview was provided about cowpea as...

Genetic Studies Of Salinity Tolerance Of Mangrove Rice Varieties In Sierra Leone

ABSTRACTRice is a major food crop in Sierra Leone with a high per capita consumption of 104 kg annually. Average yield (t/ha) is low, leading to a yield gap of 350,000 metric tons, which is met through import. A good number of rice farmers in Sierra Leone are cultivating on mangrove swamps, which are highly associated with salinity, resulting in the low average yield (tonnes per hectare). Salinity is a major abiotic stress devastating rice production in saline soils, including the mangrove ec...

Development of High Yielding Tomato(Solanum lycopersicum L.) Lines With Resistance to Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Disease(TYLCD)

ABSTRACT Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) is the most important vegetable in Ghana in terms of area under cultivation and consumption, but production is challenged by lack of improved cultivars and the Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Disease (TYLCD). In Ghana, tomato breeding programmes have focused on evaluation and screening of cultivars for fruit quality and resistance to the TYLCD but very little has been done to improve the crop through breeding. The objective of this study was to introgre...

Development of High- Yielding And Atble Maize (Zea mays L.) Hybrids Tolerant to Acid Soils of The Tropical Humid Forest Zones of Cameroon

ABSTRACT Maize is the most important cereal produced in the Bimodal Humid Forest Zone (BHFZ) of Cameroon. The yield of the crop in the BHFZ is very low because of the negative impact of soil acidity especially Al toxicity on plant growth. Liming increases soil pH levels reduces the level of Al saturation and boost productivity but it is costly and unavailable. Therefore, it becomes necessary to explore more sustainable and affordable ways of increasing the yield of the crop. The objecti...

Marker Assisted Selection For Post-Flowering Drought Tolerance In Sorghum Bicolor [L.] Moench

ABSTRACTSorghum is the second most important cereal crop after pearl millet in terms of area planted, production, and per capita consumption in Mali. Production of sorghum is declining due to several reasons including lack of sorghum hybrids and adapted varieties tolerant to drought. Evaluation of sorghum genotypes under different stresses would be useful for identifying genotypes that combine stability with high yield potential for stress-prone areas. The general objective of the study was t...

Genetic Analysis Of Striga Resistance And Low Soil Nitrogen Tolerance In Early Maturing Maize (Zea Mays L.) Inbred Lines

ABSTRACTStriga hermonthica (Del.) and low soil nitrogen (low N) are among the most important constraints to maize production and productivity in West Africa (WA). Knowledge and understanding of the inheritance of Striga resistance and low N tolerance in early maturing maize inbreds are invaluable in developing hybrids adapted to both low N and Striga-infested environments in WA. The objectives of the present study were to (i) assess the genetic diversity among the inbred lines using simple se...

Genetic Studies On Salt Tolerance In Rice (O. Sativa) Using Conventional And Molecular Methods

ABSTRACTNiger’s rice production has not been able to match growth in demand. The slow growth in domestic rice production has been attributed to salinity, non-adapted germplasm, and low farmer adoption of improved varieties. This study was carried out to: determine farmers’ perception on influence of salinity in rice production and their preference for rice varieties in salt affected areas; identify potential sources of genes for salt tolerance from local and exotic rice germplasm; determi...

Genetic Analysis Of Drought Tolerance In Cowpea [Vigna Unguiculata (L.) Walp]

ABSTRACT Agriculture in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) is under serious threat due to water shortage, population pressure and climate change. Cowpea, a protein-rich legume crop complements staple cereal and tuber crops in the diets of rural and urban people of the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It therefore, plays a significant role in the sustainability of food and nutrition security in SSA. Cowpea, though reported to be inherently drought tolerant; but because it is mos...

Breeding For Drought Tolerance In Cowpea [Vigna Unguiculata (L.) Walp.] Using Marker Assisted Backcrossing

ABSTRACT  The potential of cowpea to address food security in Burkina Faso in particular is well established. However, there is limited information on drought tolerance and diversity in the germplasm in Burkina Faso and farmers’ perceptions on the effects of drought and their varietal preferences are not known. The present study was, therefore, conducted to: (1) identify farmers’ perceptions on the impact of drought on cowpea production and identify their preferences regarding ...


1 - 15 Of 33 Results