Research Papers/Topics in Clinical Psychology

Culture –Specific Coping And Quality Of Life Among Ghanians Living With Chronic Illness: Mental Illness And Chronic Kidney Disease

ABSTRACT The study examined culture-specific coping and quality of life among Ghanaians living with chronic illness such as mental illness and chronic kidney disease. A sample size of 150 was used comprising of 50 mentally ill patients, 50 Chronic Kidney Disease patients and 50 healthy controls. Participants were sampled from the Accra Psychiatric Hospitals, Pantang General Hospital and the Korle-Bu teaching Hospitals respectively. The concurrent mixed method design was used which compr...

Predictors Of Professional Psychological Help-Seeking Behaviour: A Study Of Urban, Peri-Urban And Rural Dwellers In Greater-Accra Region

ABSTRACT Professional psychologists offer very efficacious therapy, however many individuals battling with mental/psychological illness do not consult them for assistance. This study examined some predictors of professional psychological help-seeking behaviour among Ghanaians in the Greater-Accra region and explored their knowledge and understanding of professional psychological services. The sequential mixed method design was used in this study. Study 1 was a cross-sectional survey...

EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING AND PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH OF LACTATING MOTHERS IN ADENTAN MUNICIPALITY, ACCRA

Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended globally by the World Health Organization, and this feeding method influences mothers’ psychological health. Hence, the current study investigated the direct influence of breastfeeding self-efficacy and internal health locus of control, on well being. It also looked at the moderating role of faith in breast milk in the relationship between self-efficacy and well-being, as well as the effects of some demographic variables on interna...

Ghanaian Footballers With Career Threatening Injuries: Exploring Lived Experiences

ABSTRACTThe extant literature have examined the prevalence of injuries among a number of sporting disciplines using quantitative methods. Few studies have explored the lived experiences of rugby and ice hockey players, employing qualitative methods. A review of literature shows that little or no study has been conducted on the lived experiences of footballers with career threatening injuries especially within the African context. The study sought to explore the psychosocial problems male Ghan...

Psychosocial Precipitants And Rate of Relapse of Substance Abusers: A Case Study of Sunyani Metropolis

ABSTRACT This study aimed to explore the psychosocial precipitants and rate of relapse among substance abusers in the Sunyani Metropolis, Ghana. A total of 30 respondents comprising 15 relapsed (with their primary caregivers), 10 non-relapsed, 3 psychiatric nurses, 1 psychiatrist and 1 psychotherapist was recruited for the study. The study employed a qualitative research design. Data were analysed using Thematic Analysis. The rate of relapse was computed quantitatively using relapse...

Psychological Health, Coping And Cultural Values Among Haemodialysis Patients In A National Hospital In Ghana

Abstract Coping with chronic health conditions has been attributed to numerous factors including spiritual/religious, collective and ritual behaviours of people with varied cultural backgrounds. The study examined psychological health, coping and cultural values among Ghanaians living with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and undergoing haemodialysis therapy. 125 respondents were recruited from the Dialysis Unit of the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital in Accra, Ghana. The study adopted the sequen...

Exploring Cross-Professional Collaborations Among Professional And Lay Mental Health Practitioners Towards Schizophrenic Care In Ghana

ABSTRACT Ghana is grappling with inadequate professional mental health practitioners for the treatment of schizophrenia. Since many patients partly access the services of non-professional mental health practitioners, implementation of collaborative framework will potentially ensure effective and quality delivery of schizophrenic care. This study examined opinions about the different collaborative frameworks between professional and non-professional mental health practitioners for the de...

Experiences, Psychological Distress and Coping among Teachers of Students with Learning Difficulties

ABSTRACT The study investigated teachers’ experiences, psychological distress and coping strategies adopted in educating children with learning problems. A mixed-method approach was adopted for the study. One hundred and forty-seven participants were sampled from special and inclusive schools for the quantitative study. Participants responded to items on questionnaires measuring psychological distress and coping. The qualitative study involved one-on-one interviews with 10 teacher...

A Qualitative Study on the Ethical Dilemmas Faced by Practicing Clinical Psychologists in Ghana

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to investigate ethical dilemmas experienced by 20 clinical psychologists in Ghana and the various measures they employ in the resolution of these dilemmas. The qualitative method using a semi structured interview guide and two vignettes were used to investigate ethical dilemmas faced in professional practice.  The main dilemmas include those arising from third party and privacy interferences, dual relationships, fees, motive as against mor...

Religious Orientation, Locus Of Control And Learned Helplessness

ABSTRACTThe main purpose of this study was to examine the moderating effects of religious orientation and locus of control on the psychological phenomenon called learned haplessness. Six hundred (600) new entrant students into the Diploma in Applied Psychology programme of the University of Jos participated in the study. The study utilized the experimental design. Word anagram was used to induce and assess learned helplessness. It was hypothesized that, 1.participants who were externally cont...

Religiosity/Spirituality, Social Support, General Self-Efficacy And Mental Health Of Community Dwelling Older Adults In Accra

ABSTRACTOlder adulthood is a developmental stage accompanied by a number of existential challenges. Nonetheless, a conceptual shift towards successful and positive ageing has been proposed by researchers and stakeholders of health. It was the aim of this study to find out the relationship between successful ageing variables and positive mental health. Two hundred and fifty older adults (118 males and 132 females) with the mean age of 71 were conveniently sampled from HelpAge Associations in O...

Living With Diabetes: A Study Of Illness Representation, Spiritual Coping, Psychological Distress And Medication Adherence

ABSTRACTThe study explored how patient’s representation of diabetes, psychological distress and the use of spiritual coping influence their medication adherence. A total of 196 diabetics were sampled from the Tema General Hospital using the purposive sampling technique. The measures used included the Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R), Spiritual Coping subscale of the Africultural Coping System Inventory, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 21(DASS-21) and the Medication Adher...

Var2csa Duffy Binding Like (Dbl) Domains And Non-Specific Igm Binding In The Acquisition Of Acquired Immunity To Pregnancy-Associated Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria

ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Plasmodium falciparum malaria throughout history has proved to be a significant menace to human health and pregnancy associated malaria (PAM) has been linked to severe consequences in terms of morbidity and mortality. P. falciparum parasites express members of the Plasmodium falciparum Erythrocyte Membrane Protein-1 (PfEMP1) on the surface of infected erythrocytes (IEs) which act as ligands binding to a number of different human vascular host receptors such as Chondroitin ...

A Comparative Study Of Behavioural And Emotional Problems Among Children Living In Orphanages In Ghana: A Mixed Method Approach.

ABSTRACTThis comparative study investigated behavioural and emotional problems among children living in selected private, public and religiously owned orphanages in Ghana. A mixed method approach was employed to achieve research objectives. Quantitative method was used to collect information with the use of questionnaires and a qualitative method was used to explore other facets of the study objectives through individual interviews. The study was carried out at three selected orphanages: SOS ...

Relationship between Parenting Styles, Adolescents Self-Esteem, Emotional State and Assertiveness

ABSTRACTThis study investigated the relationship between parenting styles, adolescents self esteem, assertiveness and emotions (Depression, Anxiety and Stress) of adolescents. Two hundred adolescents between ages 12 and 19 were sampled randomly from five senior secondary schools in the Greater Accra Region. Participants responded to the parental Authority Questionnaire, the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale, The Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale and The Assertiveness Inventory. Two major parenti...