Research Papers/Topics in Nursing And Midwifery

Factors Contributing To Malnutrition It’s Consequences And Prevention Among Children Underfive Years Of Age Admitted At Kampala International University Teachinghospital, Bushenyi District

ABSTRACT Uganda has one of the highest levels of childhood stunting in sub-Saharan Africa. Western Uganda has persistently registered highest levels of childhood malnutrition despite being referred to as “the food basket” of the country. To assess factors contributing to malnutrition, its consequences and prevention among children under five years of age admitted at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital (KIU-TH), a descriptive cross-sectional study design quantitative i...

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Home Childbirth with Unskilled Birth Assistance in Dodoma-Tanzania: A Cross Sectional Study

ABSTRACT Background: Improving maternal health is one of the goals to be achieved under the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) number 3. Worldwide, half a million women die each year from pregnancy and childbirth-related complications which can be prevented by skilled birth assistance. One of the determinants of maternal health is the place of childbirth. Giving birth at home leads to a high risk of maternal and child mortality. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and fac...

Obstetric And Nutrition Factors Associated With Anaemia Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care Visits At Kivunge, Mwembeladu And Mnazimmoja Hospital In Unguja, Zanzibar

ABSTRACT Introduction: Anaemia in pregnancy remains a major health problem with adverse maternal and fetal outcome worldwide, especially in developing countries such as Tanzania. Taking proper nutrition, including taking iron supplement, child spacing and absence of negative food cultural practices and taboos, may prevent anaemia during pregnancy. The study aimed to establish prevalence, nutrition and obstetric factors associated with anaemia among pregnant women at Mnazimmoja, Mwembel...

Perceived Risk Of Hiv Infection Among Injecting Drug Users In Zanzibar: Cross Sectional Study

ABSTRACT Background: There is a significant increase of drug abuse especially injection in Tanzania. Injection behaviors have been known to facilitate the transmission of HIV. Injecting drug users are among the population with an increased risk of contracting HIV. Understanding their perceived risk is a significant factor in determining the behaviors of this group Objective: This study wanted to assess the perceived risk of HIV infections among injecting drug users in Zanzibar. Me...

Umbilical Cord Morphology And Associated Fetal And Maternal Outcomes Among Women Giving Birth At Mwananyamala Regional Referal Hospital

ABSTRACT Background: There is increasing rate of umbilical cord abnormalities that put a pregnant woman at the risk of operative delivery, perinatal complications and adverse new born outcomes. Therefore, morphological variations in structure of this vital structure could determine the obstetrics outcomes. Despite the umbilical cord being considered to contribute to obstetric outcome, practice of examining it in Africa even globally is limited. The aim of this study was to assess predic...

The Effect Of Structural Quality Of Maternal Health Referral System On Midwives Competence On Partograph Compliance In Mwanza Region

ABSTRACT Background: Mwanza Region is one of the Regions in Tanzania with high maternal deaths with a burden of 305 MMR per 100,000 live births. Inadequate partograph compliance among nurse-midwives and poor structural quality for maternal referral system at the dispensary, health centers and hospital level can be among the contributing factors of the reported maternal deaths in the Region. This study aimed to assess the effect of structural quality of the maternal health referral syste...

The Influence Of Perceived Quality Of Intrapartum Care And Respecting Of Personal Preferences During Delivery On The Choice Of Place Of Delivery Among Women In Mara Region

ABSTRACT Background: There is increase rate of home delivery that put women at risk of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. There has been an effort on structural barriers to facility delivery leaving behind reasons like respecting personal preferences during delivery and the quality of intrapartum care provided during delivery. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of perceived quality of intrapartum care and respect of personal preferences during delivery...

Predictors Of Neonatal Sepsis Among Post Delivery Mothers At Kitete Regional Refferal Hospital In Tabora Region A Cross Sectional Study

ABSTRACT Background: Neonatal sepsis is the clinical infection categorized as early and lateonset that is a public health challenge all over the world. Number of factors; Premature rupture of membrane >18hours, repeated per vaginal examination, Prolonged/obstructed labor, antenatal care attendances have been associated with neonatal sepsis. Despite of all national interventions, Tabora Region is still the region with a high morbidity of neonatal sepsis at the western zone by 6.8%. Risk f...

Influence Offacility Preparedness And Clients’ Readiness On Uptake Of Long-Term Acting Modern Family Planning Services Among Postpartum Women In Kagera Region; North-Western Tanzania

ABSTRACT Background: Family planning can avert nearly one-third of maternal deaths and 10% of child mortality when couples space their pregnancies more than two years apart. In Kagera Region the use of modern Postpartum Family Planning is uncommon. However, it is not known how much the facility preparedness and clients ‗readiness influence the uptake of Long-term ActingReversible Postpartum Family Planning [LAR PPFP]. Objective: To assess facility preparedness and clients‘ read...

Perinatal Factors Associated With Birth Asphyxia Among Neonates In Maternity Ward Kakamega County Refferal Hospital, Kenya

ABSTRACTDespite the important advances in perinatal care in the past decades, asphyxia remainsa severe condition leading to significant mortality and morbidity. Perinatal asphyxiahas an incidence of 1 to 6 per 1,000 live full-term births, and represents the third mostcommon cause of neonatal death (23%) after preterm birth (28%) and severeinfections (26%). Each year approximately 24% of neonatal deaths occur due to birthasphyxia with an equal number of survivors with serious neurological sequ...

Utilization Of Contraceptives Among Undergraduate Students In Masinde Muliro University Of Science And Technology (Mmust)

ABSTRACTContraceptives uptake among the youth has been a sensitive and controversial issue in thesociety that has resulted to various social problems that include unwanted pregnanciesand sexual transmitted infections among others. This calls for intervention measures thatwill promote contraceptive use in order to reduce unwanted pregnancies, sexualtransmitted diseases and slow down the spread of HIV/AIDS among university students.The main objective of this study was to determine the utilizati...

Knowledge And Myths About Preeclampsia And Eclampsia And Its Influence On Antenatal Service Utilization Among Expecting Couples In Mtwara Region: A Cross Sectional Analytical Study

ABSTRACT Background: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, including preeclampsia and eclampsia are the major health problem among the pregnant women and the main causes of the maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality which accounts 19% of deaths in Tanzania. This study intended to assess knowledge and Myths about preeclampsia and eclampsia and its influence on antenatal care services utilization among expecting couples in Mtwara region. Method: A community based cross-sectional a...

Empowerment Of Nurse Managers To Facilitate Change Management During Namibian Health Sector Reforms

ABSTRACTDuring the previous dispensation, health services were fragmented along ethnic lines and were curatively biased. To redress the above situation, the Ministry of Health and Social Services embarked on a health sector reform. Out of the previous four health directorates thirteen health regions were established to bring decision making and development to the people. The eight original directorates at the central level merged into five key functional units.The reform process in the health...

Influence Of Antenatal Services Utilization On Prevention Of Anemia And Its Associated Obstetric Immediate Outcomes Among Pregnant Women At Term In Magu District

ABSTRACT Background: Antenatal care services are amongst of determinants of maternal anemia during pregnancy. Maternal anemia is rated as a first indirect cause of maternal and neonatal death. This accounts for 50% of all pregnant women with inadequate ANC services utilization due to the lack of getting iron supplements during pregnancy. This study intended to assess the influence of ANC services utilization on prevention of anemia and its associated obstetric immediate outcomes among ...


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