Research Papers/Topics in Otorhinolaryngology

Hiv&Aids, Universal Precaution And The Otorhinolaryngologist In Nigeria.

INTRODUCTION Human immuno deficiency virus (H.I.V.) and the disease it causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) first discovered amongst homosexuals in America in 1981, has spread to become a global disaster, a pandemic and thus a major public health hazard'. By December 2001, the disease prevalence was 5.8% of the population in Niaeria2 o About 40 - 70 per cent of HIV/AIDS patients do have Head and Neck manifestations requiring Otolaryngological consultation.'. Health care w...

Effect of Hemodialysis on the Hearing Function of Patients with Chronic Renal Failure

SUMMARY Sensorineural hearing impairment (SIll) has been reported in chronic renal failure (CRF) patients with a prevalence of 20-40%. The aetiopathogenetic mechanisms reported included osmotic alteration resulting in loss of hair cells and in some, complications of haemodialysis have been hypothesized' We have in the past reported 2 cases of CRF patients who developed acute SHL following hemodialysis. This is a report of investigation of the effect of hemodialysis on the hearing fu...

Prevalence Of Chronic Rhinosinusitis At Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar Es Salaam

Introduction: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) affects people of all ages worldwide and has significant socio-economic impact. Data on chronic rhinosinusitis are scarce. Objective: To determine the prevalence of CRS among patients attending the Otorhinolaryngology Department at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH). Method: This was a hospital based descriptive cross-sectional study where 56 patients with CRS were recruited from July to December 2015 after meeting the criteria set by American A...

Role of management in the sustenance of a cost effective primary health care programme for the prevention of disabilities in nigeria

AbstractManagement has become a household concept in recent times in almost ,,11spheres of human activities - at home, at work, even at pia). It is a commonoccurrence to hear "things have failed due to bad management". This and othersimilar statements point to the fact that man is in search of something that islacking and that thing is "the ability to get things done". The importance ofmanagement therefore came as a result of the need to get things done withincreased efficiency taking availab...

SELF -EMPLOYMENT IN CRAFTS - AN OPTION FOR THE DISABLED HEARING IMPAIRED

ABSTRACT This study examined self-employment as an option for the disabled hearing impaired using the exploratory design. Of the 80 respondents who took part in the survey 19 (23.8%) were teachers of the hearing impaired, 19 (23.8%) were hearing impaired employees, 37 (46.2%) were hearing impaired apprentices and 5 (6.2%) were self employed hearing impaired persons. Four sets of self-administered questionnaire were used for data collection from the different groups of respondents. 

Childhood Hearing Loss-A Nigerian Experience and a Call to Action

Abstract The burden of childhood hearing loss is huge, its effect on affected children devastating and the economic toll is heavy. Unfortunately much attention is not given to programs that promote early detection, management and rehabilitation of such children in developing countries. A cross-sectional study of the prevalence and patterns of hearing loss was undertaken among 127 children aged 5-15 years who presented for hearing assessment in two ear clinics in south-western Nigeria. Res...

COMPARISON OF BLOOD PRESSURE IN DEAF SECONDARY SCHOOL CHLDREN AND THEIR HEARING COUNTERPARTS: ASSOCIATION BETWEEN NOISE AND BLOOD PRESSURE

ABSTRACTBackground and Objective: High blood pressure has been Known to be one of the problems that could develop as a result of exposure to.noise. Consequently, those who are hearing impaired are thought to be immune to this. This study assessed the relationship between noise exposure and blood pressure. Methodology: This is a comparative prospective study involving participants (consisting of the hearing and the hearing impaired) drawn from a school environment that is situated clo...