Research Papers/Topics in Nutritional Science

Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of The African Catfish (Clarias Gariepinus) Reared On Diets Containing Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia Illucens) Larvae Meal

ABSTRACT Fish feed protein ingredients are the most expensive and often unavailable in subSaharan Africa especially in commercial aquaculture systems. The major fish feed protein ingredient in fish farming in Kenya is fishmeal (FM) that is often times expensive and adulterated leading to low productivity of fish farming. This problem has necessitated a need for exploring alternative less expensive and easily available protein sources such as black soldier fly larvae (BSFL). This stud...

Association Between Risk Factors For Lifestyle Diseases And Prevalence Of Diagnosed Hypertension And Diabetes In The Swahili Community: The Case Of Kisauni And Old Town Districts In Mombasa,

ABSTRACT There is an increasing prevalence of lifestyle diseases in developing countries. The rise in these diseases reflects a significant change in dietary habits, physical activity levels and socio-economic status among other lifestyle factors. The study aimed at determining the association between selected risk factors for lifestyle diseases and the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes and hypertension among the Swahili community of Old Town and Kisauni districts in Mombasa County. Old ...

Relationship Between Maternal Anthropometry, Socio-Demographic Factors And Infant’s Anthropometry At Birth: The Case Of The Provincial General Hospital, Nakuru, Kenya

ABSTRACTAn infant’s anthropometry (weight and length) at birth are important public health indicators for its survival and later development. Low birth weight (LBW) and stunting at birth are among the major causes of infant mortality which is still a worldwide problem. Despite the government’s effort to improve healthcare services, LBW is still a problem at the Provincial General Hospital (PGH) maternity, Nakuru. The main objective of this study was therefore to determine the relationship...

Contribution Of Agro-Biodiversity To Dietary Diversity And Nutritional Status Of Women Of Reproductive Age In Rongai Sub-County, Kenya

ABSTRACTThe causes of malnutrition among women of reproductive age are complex but it is mainly attributed to diets lacking diversity. Agro-biodiversity is widely perceived as a promising strategy to improve dietary diversity and ultimately nutritional status. The main objective of this study was to assess the relationship between agro-biodiversity, dietary diversity and nutritional status of women aged 15-49 years in two different agro-ecological zones (low and high agricultural potential ar...

Isolation And Characterization Of Lactic Acid Bacteria And Their Inhibitory/Safety Potential In Traditionally Fermented Milk, Mursik In Kenya

Commercial fermented milks have health benefit potential attributed to pure probiotics used as starter culture. Lactic acid bacteria (LABs) are the probiotics used. LABs promote stabilization of the gastrointestinal microecology of humans by producing secondary metabolites like lactic, acetic and propionic acid, hydrogen peroxide and bacteriocins (bactericidal proteins). These metabolites are health benefiting. Mursik, an indigenous fermented milk product is consumed ...

Evaluation Of Wheat-Sorghum-Chickpea Composite Bread For Physical, Nutritional And Sensory Quality

ABSTRACTThe incorporation of whole chickpea (Kabuli) flour into sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) wheat composite flour could improve nutritional quality of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) bread. The aim of the study was to produce bread using sorghum genotype EUS130 and chickpea, compare physical and baking properties, nutrient levels, in vitro protein digestibility, shelf life and sensory acceptability. Randomized Complete Block Design was used to compare different breads. Sorghum-wheat comp...

Improving Safety And Quality Of Complementary Foods For Children Aged 6-23 Months In Rural Areas Of Malawi Through The Hazard Analysis And Critical Control Point Strategy

The prevalence of stunting is very high in Africa (33.9%) despite global decline from 32.6 to 22.2% between 2000 and 2017; and over 33% of all stunted children live in Sub Saharan Africa. In Malawi, 37.1% of under-five children are stunted, 12% are underweight and 3% are wasted. Dedza district has very high prevalence of stunting (43%) despite various interventions to improve child nutrition. The most mothers do not follow standard practices of ensuring food safety, h...

Milk Consumption Patterns And Nutritional Status Of Children (24-59 Months) From Dairy And Non-Dairy Households In Nakuru County, Kenya

ABSTRACTMilk is a rich source of proteins and contains all the essential amino acids and other nutrients. However, only 13% of children below five years in Kenya consume milk and milk products. This study aimed at determining the milk consumption patterns and nutritional status of children aged 24-59 months from smallholder dairy households (DHs) and non-dairy households (NDHs) from peri-urban (Bahati) and rural (Olenguruone) areas in Nakuru County, Kenya. A cross-sectional survey was conduct...

Relationship Between Realization Of Right To Adequate Food And Food Security: A Study Among Pastoral And Small Farm Holder Households

ABSTRACT The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and International Convention on Economic and Social Cultural Rights underpin freedom from hunger and dignified lives for all. The study aimed at developing an innovative methodology for assessment of realization of the right to adequate food at household level and its validation; investigation of realization of the right to adequate food and its influence on food security, perception of rights to adequate food among pastoral and small f...

Evaluation Of Iron And Zinc Levels, Microbiological Load And Acceptability Of Crackers, Noodles And Cookies Modified Using Selected Underutilized Crops

ABSTRACTDietary deficiencies of iron and zinc are high. Underutilized crops are rich in micronutrients butare cultivated at subsistence level due to high perishability and poor processing of products.These crops are potential sources of iron and zinc but there is no documentation that reveals ifthey can be processed into safe, acceptable and nutritious food products that can improve theirexploitation. An informal experimental study design was used to evaluate preparation of safe,acceptable, a...

Influence Of Compliance To Food By Prescription On Nutritional Status And Drug Adherence Among Hiv And Aids Clients At Jaramogi Teaching And Referral Hospital, Kenya.

ABSTRACTHuman immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a major global health problem. Evidence exists on links between nutrition and HIV and AIDS. The Food by Prescription (FBP) in the various Patient Support Centres in Kenya aims at improving nutritional status and drug adherence among people living with HIV and AIDS in poor resource settings. The programme anticipates that within a period of 3-6 months, nutritional status should improve. However, inability to attain the required improvemen...

Influence Of Intra-Household Food Distribution Pattern On Potential Iron Intake From Iron-Fortified Flour By School Age Children In Kisumu North District, Kenya

ABSTRACTIron deficiency, mainly from iron deficient diets, impedes cognitive, psychomotor and physical development, especially of school age children. Flour fortification with iron, an effective intervention for increasing iron intake, is influenced by the amount of fortified food consumed. Intra-household food distribution (IHFD) patterns may influence how much food a child gets, hence amount of iron from fortified flour. However, information on such influence on iron intake of school age ch...

The Nature And Content Of Television Food Advertising And Children’s Food Preferences

ABSTRACT Exposure to television (TV) is reported to be associated with unhealthy dietary behaviours among children. The surge in new television channels on TV sets in Ghana comes with all sort of advertisements. The aim of the current survey was to examine the nature and content of television food advertising and to explore the association between such exposure and children’s food preferences. In a cross-sectional survey with multistage sampling, 400 primary school children (mean ...

Impact Of Anaemia During Third Trimester Of Pregnancy On Birth Outcomes In Tatale And Zabzugu Districts, Northern Region, Ghana

ABSTRACT Anaemia in pregnancy continues to be a major public health problem affecting 45% of pregnant women in Ghana and 47% in the Northern Region. This study examined the impact of anaemia during the third trimester of pregnancy on birth outcomes in TataleSanguli and Zabzugu districts. The study employed a prospective cohort design using simple random sampling technique to sample 359 respondents. The data were collected using a structured questionnaire and analysed using the Stati...