Research Papers/Topics in Criminology

Public Perceptions Of The Effectiveness Of Policing And The Social Costs Of Crime In Nairobi Policing Region, Kenya

ABSTRACT Over the last few years, there has been a concern among the public in Kenya about increasing rates of crime and the rising social costs of crime. This study assessed public perceptions of the effectiveness of policing and the social costs of crime in Nairobi policing region. The research adopted a cross sectional study design. It targeted both middle and low income residential areas of Nairobi policing region in jurisdictions of two police divisions, namely; Buruburu and Kajiad...

The Right To Life And The Battle Over Children’s Life: Baby Charlie Gard In Perspective

AbstractThe Convention of the Right of the Child provides that every child has an inherent right to life. This means the child has a right to survival and development. Parents of a child have the responsibility, rights and duties to take "appropriate direction and guidance in the exercise by the child of the rights recognized in the Convention" The Government has the responsibility to ensure that the rights of a child are respected protected and fulfilled. Article 3 of the Convention states t...

Challenges Facing Victims Of Crime During The Trial Process In Nakuru Court Of Law, Nakuru Town, Kenya

The impact of crime on the people affected by it can be profound. Victims may suffer from physical, mental or psychological, emotional and financial harm, from which some may never recover. Injuries may be threatened or inflicted upon victims, witnesses or their families, and threats may even be made against lives. Victims of crime ought to enjoy rights and privileges envisaged by The Constitution, 2010 and other written statutes. The broad objective of the study is t...

Determining Factors Leading To Police Brutality; A Research Study Of Moiben Divsion, Uasin Ngishu County

ABSTRACTThe broad and general objective of this study determines and assesses factors leading to police brutality in Moiben division Uasin Ngishu ounty. The specific objectives of this study were to explore the reasons where there is rampant police brutality in Moiben division, to examine factors that make police use excessive force in Moiben division, to bring into light the brutal methods that police use while performing their official duties in Moiben division and to examine possible solut...

Nigerian Law School Criminal Litigation Summarized Note

Note:Special focus on ACJA and ACJL being most notorious and current.INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL LITIGATION.:: INTRODUCTION / OVERVIEW / SCOPE OF CRIMINAL LITIGATION. CriminalLitigation encompasses from the moment a complaint is made, to arrest, arraignment,obtaining of evidence, constitutional safeguards, trial, judgment, appeal, prerogative ofmercy.:: COMPARISON OF THE RULES AND LAWS APPLICABLE IN DIFFERENTPARTS OF NIGERIA. PREFERABLY TABULAR.:: SOURCES OF CRIMINAL LITIGATION.- Principal Enact...

The prevalence and effect of domestic violence against women in Kano State ( a case study of Fagge local government area)

ABSTRACTThe over – riding aim of this research work is to examine the Prevalence and effect of domestic violence against women in Kano State, (a case study of Fagge Local Government Area).To effectively carry out of this research data was collectected in form of questionnaire from respondents who are people living and working in Fagge L.G.A (150) one hundred and fifty questionnaire were administered, (118) one hundred and eighteen copies were returned and (100) one hundred copies are used. ...

Theories of Juvenile Offending - strain theory, social control, labelling and inequality,

This report considers four theories regarding youth criminality; strain theory, social control, labelling and inequality, all of which impact upon youths in various forms. This is considered alongside their impact upon law and order, politics and the youth justice system. The aim is to provide a critical approach to the theories and how they affect both the individual and the youth justice system. Works by Agnew, Hirschi, Mertz and other prominent thinkers and practitioners in the relevant fi...

Youth Crime in Victoria - Politics, law and order, and media representations

This essay will explore how politics and the media use youth criminality to forward their agendas, using as examples; demonised Sudanese youth groups by the media, the left-wing/right wing political contentions for centralist advantage, and the challenges facing the forces of law and order in front-line positions. Analysis undertaken by Jennings and Reingle is taken into account along with historical investigations by Cunneen, Richards and White, and longitudinal research by Piquero.

Norms, values, labels questioning the judiciary, the media and social normativity

The essay will consider normative and postmodern sociological theories which can be applied within the article "Complaint lodged against judge who made 'offensive', 'discriminatory' comments to Aboriginal defendants” by Maddocks, 2017. It takes into account expectations of our society regarding judicial application plus the mental strain which may be exerted on the judge as an individual in the execution of his office. It also considers the position of the media and its ability to exert lab...

Would a possible offender lie during an interview - If so, how can we detect deception scientifically

This essay explores how physical expressions of deception, in the context of communication, affects interviewing within the criminal justice system. Body language as cues to deception are explored in the study by Wright & Wheatcroft (2017) “Police officers' beliefs about, and use of, cues to deception” and the influence of eye contact with the study by The Global Deception Research Team (2006) “A World of Lies.” This essay uses as a case study The Confession (2010a), the police interv...

Is the EFCC a Toothless Bulldog in the Control of Financial Malpractices of Corrupt Public Officers in Nigeria?

TOPIC : IS THE EFCC A TOOTHLESS BULLDOG IN THE CONTROL  OF FINANCIAL MALPRACTICES OF PUBLIC OFFICERS IN NIGERIA?  (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN STATE GOVERNORS AND OTHER PUBLIC  OFFICERS) 2003-2008   TABLE OF CONTENT ·         Title Page ·         Certification ·         Dedication ·      &nbs...

AN EVALUATION OF NIGERIAN ARMY COUNTER TERRORISM STRATEGIES IN NORTH EASTERN STATE IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThe aim of this research work is to examine and evaluate the effectiveness of Nigeria Army counter terrorism strategies in North-Eastern state of Nigeria, a case study of Operation Zaman Lafiya Dole in Borno State from 2011 - 2018. As the Boko Haram terrorist group wages war on a widening range of targets in Nigeria, the inefficiency of the government has been starkly revealed – along with the urgent need for deep-cutting political and socio-economic reforms to counter a growing sen...

EFFECT OF PROLIFERATION OF SMALL ARMS AND LIGHT WEAPONS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF THE NIGER DELTA REGION OF NIGERIA)

ABSTRACTOne of the major security threat confronting Nigeria is the proliferation of small arms and light weapons. Despite the industrial level of human loss of lives and properties across space and time, and the heap of publications linked to the proliferation of small arms and light weapons, the scourge has not received the needed attention it deserves and this explains the need to do more. This research work employed a descriptive survey method in analyzing the Effect of proliferatio...

AN ASSESSMENT OF NIGERIA PRISON INMATE AND RECIDIVISM AMONG OFFENDERS

The project is on “An assessment of Nigerian prison inmates and recidivism among offenders”, using Kuje Convict Prisons Abuja as a case study. It starts with the introductory chapter, discussed background of the study, statement of the problems and purposes among which are; to examine how effective is prison rehabilitation to inmate, to examine the causes of recidivism; and research questions was meant to examine how effective is prison rehabilitation on inmate?, what are the cause...

Internet security: Need for a Unified Institutional Framework in Nigeria

This article carefully considers the institutional framework for fighting Cybercrimes in Nigeria. 


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