Research Papers/Topics in Criminology

GOVERNMENT AND THE MANAGEMENT OF SECURITY CHALLENGES IN NIGERIA

Abstract This study examines critically government and the management of security challenges in Nigeria and to explain its effect on the development of Nigeria. The study adopted the descriptive research design. The population of the study was 776,298 (Seven Hundred and Seventy-Six Thousand, Two Hundred and Ninety-Eight) of the Abuja Municipal Area Council (AMAC) out of which a sample size of 200 was taken through cluster sampling technique. Data was analyzed using the Linkert’s frequency ...

THE EFFECTS OF BANK FRAUD IN NIGERIAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (21ST CENTURY EXPERIENCE)

Fraud is gradually becoming rampant and a daily occurrence in our banking industry, while the bank management is busy working out means of detecting, checking fraud, the fraudsters on the other end are busy designing new method of circumventing those measures in conjunction with some dishonest bank staff. It should be pointed out that effect destabilizes banks not only that, hinders growth of banks. Hence we have good numbers of banks that were distress, acquired by other banks and merged wit...

Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanism for the Settlement of Environmental Disputes in Nigeria: A Study of Ojodu Community, Lagos State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Environmental degradations are the aftermath of human intrusion into nature. Disputes arise due to the impact of degradations that affect the ecosystem’s continuous functioning. Research has shown that most environmental conflicts are resolved through litigation with attendant drawbacks in achieving a resolution. Some drawbacks include legal technicalities, the time taken in litigation, the victim’s inability to discharge the evidential burden revolving around the issue of expert...

The Role of the Catholic Church in Crime Prevention A Case Study in Iganga Municipal Council

ABSTRACT Crime Prevention Crime Prevention measures can and should have consequences that are oriented normatively, empirically and strategically toward creating a better society for all. Therefore, in the light of increasingly rabid law-and-order discourse, and the trait and express support for the crime control agenda by more conservative crime prevention practitioners, the task ahead for the liberal and radical criminologists is to continue the fight against punitive coercive forms of crim...

The Role of the Judiciary in the Administration of Justice in Somaliland Judicial System

ABSTRACT This study reviews the literature judicial system in Somali/and and in particular reviews the experiences, challenges and capacity gaps in servfrig the criminaljustice system. The study finds there i~ a There has been much focus in recent years on reform of the formal justice sector institutions in Somailland (the Courts, Attorney-General Departmen4 Mi’iistry ofJustice), culminating in a National Justice Reform Strategy 2008 and Action Plan for frnplementation in 2009. Institutiona...

A Case Study of the Effects of Boko Haram on the People of Chibok Community of Borno State, Maiduguri - North Eastern Nigeria, West Africa Life as Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs))

A Case Study of the Effects of Boko Haram on the people of Chibok Community of Borno State, Maiduguri - North Eastern Nigeria, West Africa (Life as Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and needs for re-migration/return)Abstract:There are many reasons why People are forced to leave their places of origins to seek refuge elsewhere. Some chose to reside within the same country and become Internally Displaced. While others end up across borders in other countries as refuges. The reasons ...

Sociological Anaylsis of Male Accused with Refrence of City Court Pakistan Karachi

Abstract Crime is a public wrong. It is an act strongly disapproved by society and effect the sociological economical factor in Pakistan .every criminal has the reason to commit crime and breaking the law. I found the several factors in our society to understand the reason of committing crime in males such as unemployment, family issues , mental illness ,poverty economical crises, to motivate the individual towards crime. In my research I have study many cases related to criminals in trail ...

Public Perceptions Of The Effectiveness Of Policing And The Social Costs Of Crime In Nairobi Policing Region, Kenya

ABSTRACT Over the last few years, there has been a concern among the public in Kenya about increasing rates of crime and the rising social costs of crime. This study assessed public perceptions of the effectiveness of policing and the social costs of crime in Nairobi policing region. The research adopted a cross sectional study design. It targeted both middle and low income residential areas of Nairobi policing region in jurisdictions of two police divisions, namely; Buruburu and Kajiado. In...

The Right To Life And The Battle Over Children’s Life: Baby Charlie Gard In Perspective

Abstract The Convention of the Right of the Child provides that every child has an inherent right to life. This means the child has a right to survival and development. Parents of a child have the responsibility, rights and duties to take "appropriate direction and guidance in the exercise by the child of the rights recognized in the Convention" The Government has the responsibility to ensure that the rights of a child are respected protected and fulfilled. Article 3 of the Convention states ...

Challenges Facing Victims Of Crime During The Trial Process In Nakuru Court Of Law, Nakuru Town, Kenya

The impact of crime on the people affected by it can be profound. Victims may suffer from physical, mental or psychological, emotional and financial harm, from which some may never recover. Injuries may be threatened or inflicted upon victims, witnesses or their families, and threats may even be made against lives. Victims of crime ought to enjoy rights and privileges envisaged by The Constitution, 2010 and other written statutes. The broad objective of the study is to investigate the ch...

Determining Factors Leading To Police Brutality; A Research Study Of Moiben Divsion, Uasin Ngishu County

ABSTRACT The broad and general objective of this study determines and assesses factors leading to police brutality in Moiben division Uasin Ngishu ounty. The specific objectives of this study were to explore the reasons where there is rampant police brutality in Moiben division, to examine factors that make police use excessive force in Moiben division, to bring into light the brutal methods that police use while performing their official duties in Moiben division and to examine possible solu...

The prevalence and effect of domestic violence against women in Kano State ( a case study of Fagge local government area)

ABSTRACT The over – riding aim of this research work is to examine the Prevalence and effect of domestic violence against women in Kano State, (a case study of Fagge Local Government Area). To effectively carry out of this research data was collectected in form of questionnaire from respondents who are people living and working in Fagge L.G.A (150) one hundred and fifty questionnaire were administered, (118) one hundred and eighteen copies were returned and (100) one hundred copies are used...

Theories of Juvenile Offending - strain theory, social control, labelling and inequality,

This report considers four theories regarding youth criminality; strain theory, social control, labelling and inequality, all of which impact upon youths in various forms. This is considered alongside their impact upon law and order, politics and the youth justice system. The aim is to provide a critical approach to the theories and how they affect both the individual and the youth justice system. Works by Agnew, Hirschi, Mertz and other prominent thinkers and practitioners in the relevant fi...

Youth Crime in Victoria - Politics, law and order, and media representations

This essay will explore how politics and the media use youth criminality to forward their agendas, using as examples; demonised Sudanese youth groups by the media, the left-wing/right wing political contentions for centralist advantage, and the challenges facing the forces of law and order in front-line positions. Analysis undertaken by Jennings and Reingle is taken into account along with historical investigations by Cunneen, Richards and White, and longitudinal research by Piquero.


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