Research Papers/Topics in Economics

An Empirical Investigation into the Determinants of External Debt in Asian Developing and Transitioning Economies

AbstractThis paper investigates the determinants of external debt in 32 Asian developing and transitioning economies for the period 1995–2019. Estimation is carried out using the generalized method of moments (GMM), which is capable of dealing with potential endogeneity problems. The results show that in both the short- and long-run, economic growth and investment reduce external debt, whereas exchange rate, trade, and government expenditure increase external debt. ...

E-Procurement And Organizational Performance: A Case Study Of National Medical Stores Kampala Uganda

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to establish the relati o11 ship betwee11 F-procureme111 a11d orga11i zat io11 al performance a case study of national Medical Stores Ka mpala Uganda. T he stud y was guided by the following objectives, to establish the benefits and challenges of e-procurement at National Medical Stores, to establish the performance of the organizatio11 usi11 g eprocurement. to establi sh the relationship between e-procurem ent and organi zational perfo rm ance....

An Economic Comparison of Biological and Conventional Control Strategies for Insect Pests in Cashew and Mango Plantations in Tanzania

Abstract This study was undertaken to compare alternative methods of pest control for insect pests in order to determine which methods has the highest efficacy against insect pests and the least detrimental side effects, while maintaining production and profits. The analysis was based on the experimental trials for three treatments: weaver ants, chemical insecticides and control. Data on yields, quantities and prices of inputs and output were collected and analyzed using inferential stat...

Does investing in intellectual capital improve financial performance? Panel evidence from firms listed in Tanzania DSE

Abstract: Despite that reviews have been done in intellectual capital and the performance of firms, their status has remained uncertain in the emerging economy. Previous studies have generally focused on single industries and have overlooked the input of the service and manufacturing sectors as a whole. This study offers new insight into the area of intellectual capital and its relationship with firms’ performance in Tanzania and evaluates intellectual capital within the service and man...

Owner-Manager Competencies And Performance Of The Firms: Evidence From Small Restaurant Businesses In Urban Tanzania

ABSTRACTThis study was set out to examine the influence of owner- manager’s competences on the performance of small restaurant businesses in urban Tanzania since there are patchy empirical evidences on the same. To achieve this, criterion and simple random sampling techniques were employed to obtain a sample of three hundred, ninety two (392) small restaurant businesses from the list of all licensed small restaurants in Ilala and Dodoma district. Information was collected from owner-ma...

Insurance Service Sub-Sectors And Output Performance In Nigeria: A Generalized Linear Model Approach

Abstract This study examines the insurance services sub-sectors impact on output performance in Nigeria from the period 1981-2017. Using service exports and imports as proxy for insurance services. Methodically, this study test for stationary, test for the cointegration using the EngleGranger single-equation and use the Generalized Linear Model (GLM) method to analysis the static impact. The results confirm one cointegrating relationship amongst the variables used in the study. The resul...

The effect of financial inclusion on poverty reduction in Sub Sahara Africa: Does threshold matter?

This paper investigated the threshold effect of financial inclusion on poverty reduction in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Using an annual dataset spanning 2010 to 2017, the Hansen’s estimation and Differenced generalized method of moments (GMM) methods were used to estimate the threshold level of financial inclusion that will reduce poverty and factors that influence financial inclusion respectively. The results showed that beyond a thres...

An Assessment of Helping Behaviour of University of Ibadan Campus Resident Students

ABSTRACTMan is a social as well as psychological being. He strives to interact with others while depending on them and they on him.

The Dynamics of Civil Society and the Democratization Process in Nigeria

 The relations between state and society under authoritarian rule in Africa has been described as a case of states without citizens (Ayoade 1988). The consolidation of single parties, president-for- life, extensive security establishments, widespread inequalities, and personal rule has involved the denial of the peoples' right to participate in the decision-making process and sometimes the suspension of the constitution which defined those rights. Governance has often been ...

EXternal debt and Economic Growth 2008-2017

This study examined the effects of external debt on Nigeria’s economic growth (2008-2017). As a guide for the study, research hypotheses were stated. The study adopted a longitudinal trend survey method using ex-post factor model. Instrument for the study was secondary data gotten from CBN Bulletins and annual reports of several years. Data were collected, coded and analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. Analysis from the study revealed that external debt ...

Understanding the Determinants of Loan Demand in Ghana: Do Individuals' Socio-Demographic and Economic Characteristics Matter?

The importance of credit demand cannot be overemphasised given its potential positive influence on individuals’ livelihood and economic growth of countries. In spite of the financial sector liberalisation in Ghana, some individuals still face financial constraints which make it difficult to cover up their spending gap. This paper investigates whether individuals’ socio-demographic and economic characteristics are important in loan demand. A simple random sampling technique was u...

Introducing Anthropological Economics: The Quest for an Anthropological Basis for Economic Theory, Growth Models and Policy Development for Wealth and Human Welfare Maximisation

This paper attempts to merge the concepts and theoretical frameworks of the disciplines of Anthropology and Economics, and attempts to create a new sub-field in Economics called ‘Anthropological Economics’ which is mired in Anthropological concepts and principles and seeks to maximize not only human welfare and happiness but also wealth maximization across cultures, while considering both the psychic unity of man, universal human needs and culturespecific factors. Thus, Anthropologica...

Estimating the effects of financial inclusion on welfare in sub Saharan Africa

The prominent role of financial inclusion in every economy—as it has been widely acknowledged as an enabler to achieving eight out of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) cannot be overemphasized as far as the welfare of individuals is concerned. This study estimates the effects of financial inclusion on welfare using cross-section data from 33 sub-Saharan African countries and the ordinary least squares technique is employe...

A terminal level analysis of service quality at Nigerian seaports

Seaport terminals are major facilitators of international trade. One issue that is verycrucial to the performance and survival of seaport terminals is the quality of serviceprovided. However, in order to enhance the quality of service provided at theseterminals, it is important to know customers’ expectations and perceptions aboutservice quality. Notwithstanding, very little is known about customers’ expectationsand perceptions on the service quality of seaport terminals in Africa. This p...

How does quality of institutions affect the impact of trade openness on economic growth of Ghana?

Developing countries, of which Ghana is no exception have actively engaged in trade openness after independence, yet, their economic growth remains low and this calls for urgent attention to address the situation. This study therefore examines the impact of trade openness on economic growth of Ghana for the period 1984–2018 taken into consideration the role quality of institutions play. The results from the autoregressive distribute...


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