Research Papers/Topics in Economics

POPULATION, FOOD SECURITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA

Population growth and its interaction with food security and economic growth is the crux of the matter in this study. It has been documented that Nigeria is experiencing very high population growth rate due to aggravating high birth rate and plummeting death rate. The extent to which population growths affect food security and economic growth was therefore examined. Using time series data pooled from 1981 to 2016, tested for stationarity, co-integrated and corrected for error, the stud...

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN SIERRA LEONE

This research work tries to examine the significance of agriculture production on economic growth in Sierra Leone. It empirically explored the agriculture and economic growth nexus in Sierra Leone. The objective of the study is to examine the place of agriculture in the economic growth and development of Sierra Leone. Using least square method, data collected were secondary data and the durbin-watson t-statistics were used in the regression analysis. The study shows that agriculture pr...

Age grade system and community development in Ohafia Local Government Area

Age grade system is known to play a significant role in the development of the communities in Ohafia right from its origin. The study examines the relationship between age grade projects and improvements in several socio- economic indicators as literacy level, life expectancy at birth, employment generation and income. The study draws on survey data from a sample of 293 respondents in ten communities in Ohafia Local Government Area of Abia State. Descriptive and inferential statistics ...

Macroeconomic effect of external shock on the Nigeria economy

External shock can be seen as the vulnerability of an economy to fluctuations of a primary commodity price in the international market and foreign aid flows. This is usually possible for an economy with a high index of openness, and largely dependent on such commodity as sources of foreign exchange earnings and government revenue. One of such economies is Nigeria. Its shocks have emanated from oil price (Adamu, 2015), non-oil primary commodities, aid flows and trading partners at different pe...

Catalyzing mass production of solar photovoltaic cells using university driven green purchasing

International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, Jan 1, 2006Purpose: This paper explores the use of the purchase power of the higher education system to catalyze the economy of scale necessary to ensure market competitiveness for solar photovoltaic electricity.Design/methodology/approach: The approach used here was to first determine the demand necessary to construct “Solar City Factories”, factories that possess equipment and processes sized, dedicated and optimized to produc...

Total U.S. cost evaluation of low-weight tension-based photovoltaic flat-roof mounted racking

The economics in the U.S. of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems is changing rapidly as the cost per unit power of PV modules has dropped quickly. These costs reductions have two important results: marked decrease in levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) into ranges competitive or better than traditional electricity-generation technologies and the economic role of racking has been gaining prominence relative to that of modules. As the relative importance of costs of PV racking has been marginal hi...

Defense for Covert Administrative Techniques for Neutralizing American Highly Qualified Personnel

Ph.D. scientists and engineers are highly qualified personnel (HQP) that improve U.S. economic efficiency and generate new products including weapons of interest to the intelligence community. HQP represent a small fraction of the population, which make them favorable targets to compromise. This study analyzes how to defend against a novel approach of covert infiltration that uses administrative techniques to neutralize HQP without recruiting them directly. The approach follows five hierarchi...

Distributed Manufacturing of Flexible Products: Technical Feasibility and Economic Viability

Distributed manufacturing even at the household level is now well established with the combined use of open source designs and self-replicating rapid prototyper (RepRap) 3-D printers. Previous work has shown substantial economic consumer benefits for producing their own polymer products. Now flexible filaments are available at roughly 3-times the cost of more conventional 3-D printing materials. To provide some insight into the potential for flexible filament to be both technically feasible a...

The effect of smallholder livestock production on income of farm households in northern Ghana

This paper investigates the effect of smallholder livestock production on income among farm households in northern Ghana. Questionnaires were administered to 300 household heads and ordinary least squares estimation technique was applied to the dataset. The dependent variable was income and measured by total annual income received from farm and non-farm activities by household heads. The independent variable of interest was tropical livestock unit measured by flock size. We also included farm...

Does the Ricardian Equivalence Hypothesis hold for Nigeria and Ghana?

This study is undertaken to verify if the Ricardian Equivalence Hypothesis (REH)hold for Nigeria and Ghana using annual time-series data of both developing countriescovering from 1970 to 2013; and taking previous empirical studies as its point of referenceand departure. The broad objective of the study is dissected into the following specificobjectives of the study as thus: to examine the effects of budget deficits on interest rates,inflation, and economic growth in Nigeria and Ghana within t...

Attaining Sustainable Growth in Nigeria Any Role for Solid Mineral Development

Using time series such as GDP per capita, solid minerals output, foreign trade balance, domestic interest rate, inflation, and gross domestic savings, for the period 1960-2015. the Linear Growth Regression model adopted for this study indicates that solid minerals positively impact on sustainable growth and is statistically significant. The study also found that solid mineral is highly significant but negatively related with foreign exchange due largely to illegal migration of mineral commodi...

Providing an Empirical insight into Nigerias Non-Acceleration rate of Unemployment

This study was necessary since inflation and unemployment are twin macroeconomic variables that exert influence on policy decision of any economy. Using time series from 1972 to 2015, the Ordinary Least Squares method was employed to determine both the short-run and long-run Phillips curve and ascertain if it is evident in Nigeria. The non-accelerating inflation rate of unemployment (NAIRU) was also estimated. The results establish the presence of negative relationship both inflation an...

Progressivity and the Re-Ranking Effect of Healthcare Financing in South East Nigeria

This study adopts the Lerman and Yitzhaki approach to measure progressivity and re-ranking effects in health care financing in South East Nigeria. Result supports the existence of regressive healthcare payments. Households that spend more to healthcare financing are unable to maintain their original social status due to net income declining below prepayment income. This could certainly be catastrophic as it takes a huge proportion of the household's income, leaving households with insignifica...

CROWDING IN AND CROWDING OUT EFFECT OF PUBLIC EXP ON HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT

It has been argued that public expenditure on education and health is a veritable tool in improving human capabilities. Expenditure on these sectors is categorized into recurrent and capital. While capital expenditure can go a long way in enhancing the productivity capacity, recurrent expenditure is for non-productive activities. Available statistics however shows that in Nigeria, emphasis has been on recurrent expenditure at the detriment of capital expenditure. This study therefore employed...

Analysis of the Impact of Inflation Reduction on Output and Unemployment In Nigeria

It has been enunciated that it is possible to reduce the size of the sacrifice ratio in an economy without a corresponding increase in the rate of inflation. Besides, for the Nigerian economy, there are issues relating to the inflation-output relationship, among which is how inflation inertia impacts on output and unemployment. It is therefore apt to ascertain what Nigeria’s sacrifice ratio could be after many successful inflation reductions over the years. Adopting the Instrumental Variabl...


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