Research Papers/Topics in Economics

ROLES OF GENDER AND EDUCATION IN DETERMINING HOUSEHOLD POVERTY IN SOUTH EAST REGION OF NIGERIA

Abstract The paper examines the linkages between gender of household heads, education and household poverty in  South East region of Nigeria between 2001 and 2017. Data analyzed were obtained from four national consumer expenditure surveys conducted in Nigeria in 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2017 by the Federal Office of Statistics. Adjustments were made for price differentials over time and across regions of the country. However, only aggregated data for households were available. Per capi...

ADVANTAGES OF COVID-19 TO THE REAL ESTATE MARKET IN AFRICA

A novel coronavirus (COVID-19) was identified in 2019 in Wuhan, China. This is a new coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. Corona virus disease, is an infectious disease that is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. The COVID-19 outbreak has since spread to about 196 countries and territories in every continent. As the effects of Covid -19 are felt around the world the Real estate is being impacted in many different ways, depending on the region and...

Natural Gas Pipelines in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea

The discovery of large gas fields off the coasts of Israel, Cyprus and Egypt could have significant implications, not merely in addressing the countries 'energy needs, but also for geopolitical relations in the region and with Europe. Such results have already played a major role in the reconciliation agreement and established a new context in which talks can be restarted.

THE NIGERIA EDUCATION WITH REGARDS TO IT’S PHILOSOPHY, EDUCATIONAL POLICY, IMPLENTATION OF THE POLICY AND RESULT

AbstractChanges in comparative advantage should reflect changes in factor endowment, but increasingly, changes in trade policies also affect a region’s trade performance. Based on the arguments in Balassa’s stages of comparative advantage thesis, this paper looks at the comparative cost advantage empirical evidence from Asia. Although the RCA measurement may not distinguish between the factor endowments effects from the trade policy effect, i argue that RCA measures provide indi...

The Effect of Exchange Rate and Interest Rate Volatilities on Stock Prices: Further Empirical Evidence from Ghana

Studies have proven that volatilities in the rates of exchange and interest influence the performance of institutions and the values of their shares. This study investigates empirically the effect of exchange rate and interest rate volatilities on stock prices of f inancial institutions listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange using monthly data spanning the period January 2000 to October 2016. The generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedastic (GARCH) model is employed for the analysis. Th...

The dynamic impact of bilateral trade linkages on stock market correlations of Australia and China

This article aims to examine the long-run equilibrium relationship between bilateral tradelinkages and stock market correlations of Australia and China using quarterly data from 1993to 2015. Further, this study explores the impact of trade intensity on stock market correlationsusing OLS, Dynamic OLS (DOLS) and Fully Modified OLS (FMOLS) models. The empirical resultsconfirm that there is a significant long-run relationship among the variables. In addition, ourresults, based on OLS, DOLS and FM...

Tax Evasion and Its Impact on Government Revenue Generation in Oyo State

State government is faced with varieties of difficulties to source adequate revenue from federal government and internally generated revenue; such problems are gear wheel to the smooth running of state government administration. Thus, the objective of this research was to analyze the extent to which tax evasion had affected revenue generation of Oyo state government. The researcher used secondary method of data collection to generate the needed data. The following were some of the findings wh...

Imperative of Economic Integration Among Muslim Countries: Lessons From European Globalisation

Purpose – The paper was written to highlight the advantages of initiating economic integration among Muslim countries across the globe, drawing special lessons from Europe’s experience; its successful economic integration and challenges which trailed the process.Design/methodology/approach – The methodology is basically descriptive and analytical.Theoretical construct and model on economic integration was developed for adoption by the Muslim countries. The model seeks to ...

The Viability of WAQF and ZAKAH as Social Safety Nets for Poverty Reduction in Nigeria

The purpose of this paper is to explore the viability of waqf and zakah as social safety nets (SSNs) for poverty reduction in Nigeria. The increasing rates of poverty, unemployment, crime, trafficking in persons and ethno-religious conflicts provide justification for an ethical approach to economic development in Nigeria. In making a case for the two ultra-religious models, the qualitative research method was preferred relying on documentary sources. The information s...

Does Interest Rate Influence Demand for Money? An Empirical Evidence from Ghana.

This paper investigates whether interest rate influence demand for money in Ghana using annual time series from 1980 to 2016. Demand for money is measured by broad monetary aggregate (M2+) whilst the rate of interest is proxied by the 91-day Treasury bill rate. Other variables included in the study are real income, inflation and exchange rate. The bounds testing approach to cointegration within the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) framework is employed as the estimation technique. T...

The existence of asymmetry in exchange rate pass-through to consumer prices in Nigeria

The present study investigated the existence of asymmetry in exchange rate pass-through to consumer prices in Nigeria by collecting monthly data over the period of 2001 to 2015 from various sources. Owing to the absence of a long-run relationship, results showed that, over the short term, consumer prices in Nigeria have adaptive expectations; the case of imported inflation was also found; partial/incomplete exchange rate pass-through was found over the short term and the pass-throug...

POPULATION, FOOD SECURITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA

Population growth and its interaction with food security and economic growth is the crux of the matter in this study. It has been documented that Nigeria is experiencing very high population growth rate due to aggravating high birth rate and plummeting death rate. The extent to which population growths affect food security and economic growth was therefore examined. Using time series data pooled from 1981 to 2016, tested for stationarity, co-integrated and corrected for error, the stud...

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN SIERRA LEONE

This research work tries to examine the significance of agriculture production on economic growth in Sierra Leone. It empirically explored the agriculture and economic growth nexus in Sierra Leone. The objective of the study is to examine the place of agriculture in the economic growth and development of Sierra Leone. Using least square method, data collected were secondary data and the durbin-watson t-statistics were used in the regression analysis. The study shows that agriculture pr...

Age grade system and community development in Ohafia Local Government Area

Age grade system is known to play a significant role in the development of the communities in Ohafia right from its origin. The study examines the relationship between age grade projects and improvements in several socio- economic indicators as literacy level, life expectancy at birth, employment generation and income. The study draws on survey data from a sample of 293 respondents in ten communities in Ohafia Local Government Area of Abia State. Descriptive and inferential statistics ...

Macroeconomic effect of external shock on the Nigeria economy

External shock can be seen as the vulnerability of an economy to fluctuations of a primary commodity price in the international market and foreign aid flows. This is usually possible for an economy with a high index of openness, and largely dependent on such commodity as sources of foreign exchange earnings and government revenue. One of such economies is Nigeria. Its shocks have emanated from oil price (Adamu, 2015), non-oil primary commodities, aid flows and trading partners at different pe...

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