Research Papers/Topics in Economics

Empirical Analysis of the Buoyancy and Elasticity of Tax System in Nigeria

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Tax is a major source of government revenue all over the world. Governments use tax proceeds to render their traditional functions such as the provision of public goods, maintenance of law and order, defense against external aggression, regulation of trade and business to ensure social and economic maintenance (Azubike, 2009). The economic effects of tax include micro effects on the distribution of income and efficiency of resources use ...

The Great Recession of 2008 and the Impact of the Global Crises On Local Governments

The Impact and Causes of the 2008 Financial Crisis In 2007, a global financial crisis rapidly gained traction from the crash of the United States housing market to the worst recession the world had witnessed in over six decades. Through an in-depth review of the crises in terms of causes, consequences and policy responses, this paper identifies the impact on Local Governments on both the revenue and expenditures side of the bu...

Infrastructure Investment and Economic Growth in Uganda (1985-2016)

ABSTRACT  The purpose of the study was to establish the effect of infrastructure investment on economic growth of Uganda. The objectives were to examine the effect of health infrastructure investment on economic growth. To examine the effect of road infrastructure investment on economic growth and to establish the effect of educational infrastructure investment on economic growth. The study was conducted based on time series data for the period of 1985-2016, the data was attained was analyze...

An Empirical Analysis of the Relationship between Exchange Rate and Stock Prices in Nigeria

ABSTRACT  This study examines the causal relationship between exchange rate and stock prices in Nigeria using quarterly data for the period of 1990-Q1 to 2009-Q4. The ADF and PP tests suggest that the series are random work processes in their level form. Pair-wise Granger Causality was tested within multivariate co-integration and vector error correction model (VECM) framework. Three different stock exchange indicators were used as proxy for stock prices to test the direction of causality be...

Structure and Composition of Domestic Debt and the Impact on Private Investment in Nigeria.

ABSTRACT  This study sets out to investigate and elaborate the empirical issues pertaining to the structure and composition of domestic debt and its impact on private investment in Nigeria. The study employed multiple regression models using secondary data from 1970 to 2012. The study found that domestic debt has inverse significant impact on domestic private investment in Nigeria. Results also show that domestic debt has inverse significant impact on foreign private investment in Nigeria wi...

Institutional Reforms and Economic Growth Performance in Nigeria.

Abstract.  This study makes an empirical case that the level of sensitivity of economic growth to political and economic institutional reforms in Nigeria matters for sustained and sustainable economic performance both in the short, medium and long term. We first document the empirical evidence that successive regimes in Nigeria were indifferent to the impact of institutional reforms on economic growth. Several regimes both military and civilian pursued time bound and ambitious economic goals...

The Impact of Imports on Total Factor Productivity in Nigeria

ABSTRACT  Despite the gains from capital and labour productivity, there is still a problem of low total factor productivity (TFP) in Nigeria. This study, therefore, examined the impact of imports on total factor productivity as an alternative to the conventional sources of productivity gains for the country. The study covered the period 1980-2011. Building on the theoretical Cobb-Douglas production function, we developed and estimated an empirical model which incorporated Foreign Direct Inve...

Human Capital Development and Poverty in Nigeria

ABSTRACT  This study investigated human capital development and poverty in Nigeria. The analysis was base on panel data regression model using National Living Standard Survey 2008. The results obtained indicate that the apriori expectation of the variables which are sex, age in years, mother education, total expenditure on education, quintile, and school enrollment were positive to the dependent variable which is poverty proxy by total expenditure of the house hold while father education, ho...

Fiscal Decentralization and Energy Consumption: A Race to Decentralization

This study examines the effect of fiscal decentralization, in the form of shifting responsibilities of tax revenues, expenditure and planning from the central government to lower local governments, as well as rapidly rising income, on energy consumption for 47 Kenyan counties over the period 2013 to 2017. This study employs panel methodology and the ordinary least squaresregression model to investigate this effect in Kenya. The index of fiscal decentralization is measured by the ratio of sub-...

Foreign Private Investment, Capital Formation and Economic Growth in Nigeria.

ABSTRACT  This work studies the relationship between foreign private investment, capital formation and economic growth in Nigeria. One objective is to determine how foreign private investment affects capital formation in the domestic economy and the other objective is to estimate the impact of capital formation and foreign private investment on economic growth in Nigeria. In order to achieve these objectives, we estimated the model of capital formation and economic growth for Nigeria. We fou...

The Impact of Interest Rate Liberalization on Investment in Nigeria

ABSTRACT  The importance of investment in economic growth cannot be overemphasized. This has led to an upsurge in the study of its determinants. This research therefore, seeks to investigate the impact of interest rate liberalization on investment in Nigeria from 1970-2012. Using the Error Correction Model (ECM), the result indicates that a long run relationship exists among the variables. The result further reveals that all the variables have significant impact on investment. The study equa...

Leasing Competence and Performance of Selected SMEs in Kampala Uganda

ABSTRACT  Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) make up approximately 90 per cent of Uganda's private sector and contribute two-thirds of national income. In Uganda, leasing has bridged the current financing gap experienced by SMEs, and efforts have been made to improve the leasing competences of SME Managers yet many more SMEs close shop annually. This empirical study sought to establish the relationship between leasing competence, lease structure and perceived performance of SMEs. The ...

Demographic And Economic Determinants of Variations in Infant Mortality in Nigeria

ABSTRACT  This research work focused on the assessment of the demographic and economic determinants of infant mortality in Nigeria. To achieve the objectives of the study, infant mortality rate (measure of child health outcome) was regressed on government health expenditure, real GDP, inflation, population growth rate and population density in Nigeria. From the results, the major explanatory variables (public expenditure on health, inflation except RGDP) alongside population growth rate and ...

ANALYSE THE BENEFITS AND DANGERS OF FOSTERING A BILATERAL TRADE AGREEMENT WITH THE UK

Introduction TheUKisanimportanttradepartnerformanycountriesthatseektoboost theireconomiesthroughtradeandinvestment.TheUK’sproximitytotheEU makesitanaturalchoiceformanycountriesseekingtostrengthenEuropean ties.However,somechallengesmustbeconsideredifacountryisconsidering enteringabilateraltradeagreementwiththeUK.Firstofall,theUK’seconomic performancehasbeenlacklusterinrecentyears.Thismeanstheymaybeless incentivetoagreewithyou,especiallyiftheywantyourcountrytojointheir free-tradezone.Second...

Impact of Government Health and Education Expenditure on Economic Growth in Nigeria: Econometric Approach of Autoregressive Distributive Lag Model (ARDL)

The study examined the impact of the impact of government health and education expenditure on economic growth in Nigeria. The specific objectives were to: (i) determine the impact of government health expenditure on economic growth in Nigeria; (ii) ascertain the impact of government education expenditure on economic growth in Nigeria and (iii) evaluate the impact of Primary school enrolment rate on economic growth in Nigeria. This study made use of ex post-facto research design. The data anal...


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