Research Papers/Topics in Economics

Improving Loan Repayment in Ghana: Does Financial Literacy Matter?

Loan defaults continue to be a major challenge that confronts financialinstitutions in developing countries and this impedes their potential role in sustainabledevelopment. Given the enormity of loan defaults, policymakers havedevoted much attention to the phenomenon by implementing strategies and policiesaimed at improving loan repayment to avert the situation. To complement theeffort of policymakers, several empirical studies have also been conducted regardingloan repayment determinants; bu...

Economic policy in Nigeria: Review of the indicators of investment in human capital and economic growth

ABSTRACTThe study examined an empirical investigation of the impact of investment in human capital on economic growth in Nigeria, using time series data from 1980-2014. This paper employs descriptive analysis, trend analysis, causality tests, and the ordinary least square technique. Empirical findings however indicate that there exists a negative relationship between government expenditure on education and economic growth, but there exists a positive relationship betw...

The impact of Agriculture on Economic Growth of Nigeria: 1990-2017

 INTRODUCTION1.1 Background of the studyAgriculture   is   the   foundation   and   bedrock   upon   which   the   development   of   stable   humancommunity   has   depended   on   throughout   the   whole   universe   such   as   rural   and   urbanc...

ROLES OF GENDER AND EDUCATION IN DETERMINING HOUSEHOLD POVERTY IN SOUTH EAST REGION OF NIGERIA

Abstract The paper examines the linkages between gender of household heads, education and household poverty in  South East region of Nigeria between 2001 and 2017. Data analyzed were obtained from four national consumer expenditure surveys conducted in Nigeria in 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2017 by the Federal Office of Statistics. Adjustments were made for price differentials over time and across regions of the country. However, only aggregated data for households were available. Per capi...

ADVANTAGES OF COVID-19 TO THE REAL ESTATE MARKET IN AFRICA

A novel coronavirus (COVID-19) was identified in 2019 in Wuhan, China. This is a new coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. Corona virus disease, is an infectious disease that is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. The COVID-19 outbreak has since spread to about 196 countries and territories in every continent. As the effects of Covid -19 are felt around the world the Real estate is being impacted in many different ways, depending on the region and...

THE IMPACT OF CORONAVIRUS COVID-19 ON THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY

Coronavirus was first discovered in December 2019 in Wuhan China as a Pneumonia of unknown cause. The virus spread very fast, with a number of cases and deaths in quite a short time. In January 30th 2020, the World Health Organization deemed it fit to declare the virus as a public health emergency hazard. It was named COVID-19 in February 2020. Coronavirus COVID-19 are a large family of viruses that can cause illness ranging from cold, sore throat, fever, headache etc. The viruses are z...

Oil Price – Inflation Nexus: A Case Study of South Africa and Nigeria

The goal of this research is to examine the impact of oil price on inflation rates in South Africa and Nigeria- thereby comparing inflation nexus between oil rich and non-oil rich African nations. To accomplish this task the authors have utilized yearly oil price and inflation data from the period of 1987 – 2016 (source: World Bank), thus providing 30 data observations.An ARDL modeling approach has been deemed most appropriate in this analysis due to limited sample data. Our result revealed...

Natural Gas Pipelines in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea

The discovery of large gas fields off the coasts of Israel, Cyprus and Egypt could have significant implications, not merely in addressing the countries 'energy needs, but also for geopolitical relations in the region and with Europe. Such results have already played a major role in the reconciliation agreement and established a new context in which talks can be restarted.

THE NIGERIA EDUCATION WITH REGARDS TO IT’S PHILOSOPHY, EDUCATIONAL POLICY, IMPLENTATION OF THE POLICY AND RESULT

AbstractChanges in comparative advantage should reflect changes in factor endowment, but increasingly, changes in trade policies also affect a region’s trade performance. Based on the arguments in Balassa’s stages of comparative advantage thesis, this paper looks at the comparative cost advantage empirical evidence from Asia. Although the RCA measurement may not distinguish between the factor endowments effects from the trade policy effect, i argue that RCA measures provide indi...

The Effect of Exchange Rate and Interest Rate Volatilities on Stock Prices: Further Empirical Evidence from Ghana

Studies have proven that volatilities in the rates of exchange and interest influence the performance of institutions and the values of their shares. This study investigates empirically the effect of exchange rate and interest rate volatilities on stock prices of f inancial institutions listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange using monthly data spanning the period January 2000 to October 2016. The generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedastic (GARCH) model is employed for the analysis. Th...

EFFECT OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ON LABOUR MARKET STRUCTURE IN NIGERIA.

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a relatively new threat to traditional labour market as it is known today. This paper examines the effect of Artificial intelligence use by firms on the Nigerian labour Market. The study obtains data from Workers from across Nigeria as sample, the survey was carried out using Google forms which removed transportation cost to different part of the Nation gathering 140 respondents. The study applied both quantitative analyses by tabular analysis and qualitative a...

A Test of the Validity of Milton Friedman's Quantity Theory of Money, Using Nigeria Data

Abstract This study test for the validity of Milton Friedman’s Quantity Theory of Money, using Nigeria Data. Variables tested against real money demand for Nigeria were real income, bonds, equities, stocks, wealth, and inflation rate. The study used annual time-series spanning 47 years, a sample period from 1970- 2016. Methodically, this study models a standard money demand function and employed the use of ADF - Fisher Chi-square and Phillips-Perron test statistic to test for the ...

Environmental Degradation and Economic Growth in Nigeria: A Test of Environmental Kuznets Curve

The Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis is a presumption that environmental degradation follows an inverted U-shaped trajectory in relation to economic growth. The thorny question of whether economic growth could provide a cure to environmental degradation has sparked off a large body of empirical studies in the last decade. The conclusions have been mixed. This study contributes to the debate on the existence and empirical test of the EKC for Nigeria by applying Ordinary least...

Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on sectoral performance in the Nigeria economy, using maritime sector as a case of study

ABSTRACTThe study seeks to empirically analyze the impact of Foreign Direct Investment on sectoral performance in the Nigeria economy, using maritime sector as a case of study. The data for the research study was extracted from CBN statistically bulletin volume 25, 2018 edition. The methodology is ordinary least square were foreign direct investment was regressed on Foreign Direct Investment, Interest rate, Exchange rate, on Nominal Gross Domestic Product. Some econometrics tests were conduct...

THE ROLES OF REVENUE MOBILIZATION IN THE ECONOMIC GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

ABSTRACTThe study was centred on the roles of revenue mobilization in the economic growth and development. The main objective of the study is to examine the roles of revenue mobilization in the economic growth and  development  in  Akwa  Ibom  State.  Primary and secondary data sources were applied and the population of this study is 57, however,the sample size used was 50. The research instrument used for thefiled   survey   of   th...

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