Research Papers/Topics in Economics

Comparative Performance Of Power Tillers As An Enterprise: Individual Versus Group Business Model Options In Arusha And Manyara Regions, Tanzania

ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to undertake a comparative analysis of the performance of a power tiller as an enterprise owned under individual and group ownership business models in Arusha and Manyara region. Specifically, the study aimed to i) undertake an inventory of 2WT and ownership distribution; ii) assess and compare the physical performance and iii) financial performance of 2WT under individual and group business models; and iv) evaluate the effect of ownership and other factors o...

Demystifying Macro-Financial Linkages in Zimbabwe: A Panel Analysis of economic shocks and non-performing loans (2009-2017)

ABSTRACTThis study investigated the determinants of non-performing loans as well as demystifying macrofinancial linkages in Zimbabwe using a panel of nine banks and semi-annually decomposed data from 2009 to 2017. A combination of panel regressions techniques and panel VAR analysis was employed to meet research objectives. Findings revealed that growth in non-performing loans is driven by both bank-specific and macroeconomic factors in Zimbabwe. Findings confirmed that the main drivers of non...

Perfomance Of Rice Value Chain In Kahama District, Tanzania

ABSTRACTThis study examined the profitability and marketing chain of rice in Kahama district, Shinyanga Region. The study was a cross sectional design. A total of 216 sample of farm households was selected by using simple random sampling from the 18 villages for the interview. Subsector mapping analysis was done to map rice value chain. Results indicate that there were a number of actors i.e. producers, middlemen, traders, millers, wholesalers, retailers and final consumers. Structure, conduc...

Coenurosis In Slab-Slaughtered Sheep And Goats In Ngorongoro District: Prevalence And Predisposing Factors Of The Disease.

ABSTRACTTanzanian tobacco has significant contribution to GDP, employment, and industrial raw materials. This study was stimulated by the decrease in tobacco income in Mpanda District from 2010-2012. The decrease in income from tobacco production has made it plausible to conduct a study on tobacco profitability as low profit could increase poverty among smallholder tobacco farmers in the study area. The overall objective of this study is to analyse the economics of smallholder tobacco product...

Economic Impacts Of Climate Change On Teff Production In Lume And Gimbichu Districts Of Central Ethiopia

ABSTRACTThis study was carried out with the main objective of analyzing the economic impacts of climate change on teff production in central Ethiopia. Specific objectives of the study were: i) To analyze the relationship of income from teff (Eragrostis tef) production with biophysical and socioeconomic variables, ii) To determine the marginal impact of temperature and rainfall on income from teff production, iii) To predict a range of potential future impacts on teff production under a mid-ra...

Effect Of Microfinance Institutions On Income Of Micro And Small Enterprises Owners In Mafia District

ABSTRACTThis study identified the effect of MFIs on income of MSE owners who had better access to credit facilities. Micro credit was found to be a critical instrument in improving the income of poor people. The present study examined the extent to which microfinance services were successful in delivering their promise, particularly to the poor and its resultant effect on household income. Both primary and secondary data were used in the study. The study collects data from 110 respondents, in...

The Impact Of Usd- Rand Exchange Rate On Remmittance To Zimbabwe (2008-2015)

ABSTRACTRemittances are emerging as a stable source of foreign capital inflow in Zimbabwe. Much of the remittances are coming from South Africa. The study sought to explore the impact of US$-Rand exchange rate on remittances to Zimbabwe. Estimation of regression results was done using Ordinary Least Squares (OLS), using data sample spanning from 2008 to 2015. The findings show that depreciation of the rand value has a negative impact on remittances. This suggests that a depreciation in the ra...

Factors Militating Against The Use Of Information And Communication Technology In The Teaching And Learning Of Economics At Advanced Level In Gweru District.

ABSTRACTThe research study sought to investigate the factors that are militating against the use of ICT in the teaching and learning of Economics at Advanced Level. The study was conducted in Gweru district.The researcher employed the descriptive survey research design and he selected a sample of five schools from the population which comprised of fifteen schools. The researcher used the simple random sampling and the stratified random sampling to select schools and students from the populati...

Factors That Influence Alcohol Consumption Among University Students: A Case Study Of Midlands State University

ABSTRACTThe use and abuse of alcohol has been high among Zimbabweans in general compared to other African countries and this has trickled down to university students in Zimbabwe .This study investigates on the factors that influence alcohol consumption of university students paying attention to the Midlands State University. Primary data was used to carry out this research and a probit regression model was used to carrying out the regression. STATA software was used to make the estimations. E...

The Impact of Micro and Macro-economic Factors on the Profitability of Banks: A Case of Zimbabwean Banking Sector (2012-2016)

ABSTRACTThe research sought to establish the impact of micro and macro-economic factors on the profitability of banks in the banking sector of Zimbabwe. The low levels of profitability has been an area of concern. The study covered the period from 2012 to 2016 using monthly time series data employing the Ordinary Least Squares method to ascertain the factors that contribute to profitability as measured by Return on Assets. In the previous period, the profitability of banks have been on an upw...

Farm Household Saving And Its Determinants In Trans Nzoia County, Kenya

ABSTRACTFunds available for investments are either from credits acquired from financialinstitutions or from household savings. Although some research has shown that ruralhouseholds in Sub-Saharan Africa save, little is known about the factors that influencesaving and asset accumulation among them. Low investment in Kenya is easilyattributable to decreased savings. The study aimed at developing a broader understandingof the savings habits and practice of farm households in Trans-Nzoia County b...

An Investigation Of Factors Influencing Sustainability Of Micro Finance Institutions [A Case Study Of Narok County].

ABSTRACTMicro finance institutions refer to small, saving and insurance services extended and economicallydisadvantaged segment of society. In the past ten years micro finance is emerging as powerful toolof growth in Kenya economy. This has resulted from increasing success in terms to reach the poorand sustaining delivery services. However large number of those engaged in microfinance servicescontinue to struggle with sustainability. The research sought to establish the factors affecting thes...

Factors That Influence Educational Wastage In Public Secondary Schools In Kathiani Sub-County, Machakos County, Kenya

ABSTRACTEvery year, the Government of Kenya invests heavily in public secondaryeducation. In spite of this heavy investment, the delivery of quality secondaryeducation faces various challenges. One of the biggest challenges is wastage:students repeat grades and the rate of dropout remain high. The central focusof this study was to determine the factors that influence educational wastage inKathiani Sub-county. The study was guided by the following objectives; toestablish the influence of schoo...

Impact Of Credit Risk Management On Financial Performance Of Savings And Credit Co-Operative Societies In Kitui County

ABSTRACTThe financial sector in any country is an important sector in the development of acountry. Most failures in the financial sector have been caused by non-performing loansor bad debts which are attributed by poor or ineffective loaning policy. While theconsequences of credit risk management are well understood, the direction of the effectsare predicted by theory, and evidence on their magnitude are still scarce, and centeredaround banking sectors and insurance markets. This study focuse...

Market Structure Paradigms And Institutional Setting In The Nigerian Electricity Industry

ABSTRACTThis thesis examines the Market Structure Paradigms and the Institutional Setting in the Nigerian Electricity Industry. The main objective of this study is to examine and propose market structure that can achieve a production frontier that will produce efficient output and optimal price determination. The study also proposes the most appropriate institutional setting - market design that can ensure sustainable electricity supply and enhance consumers' welfare in Nigeria under th...


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