Research Papers/Topics in Economics

The Oil Sector Vis-À-Vis the Agricultural Sector; The Nigerian Experience (1981-2007

ABSTRACTThis study aims at evaluating the oil sector vis- a vis the agricultural sector in Nigeria from 1981-2007. The role of agriculture in the Nigerian society has been quite significant even in the pre-colonial times. The attractiveness of the Nigerian agricultural sector to the colonialist largely formed the basis for the development of the railway system from the north to the coast through the eastern and western of the country given that there was the need to evacuate agricultural prod...

FUELWOOD AS A SOURCE OF ENERGY

ABSTRACTThe study focuses on forces driving the use of fuelwood among women in Kogi east and the implications of fuelwood on the environment, health and economy of Kogi east. Though Fuelwood has served as the major source of energy for cooking, its effect on the environment and health is to a great extent questionable. There has been noticeable disappearance of trees within the district over the years. The study met its’ quadruplet research objectives through an extensive study of relevant ...

Problems and Prospects of Small and Medium Enterprises in Nigeria. A Case Study of Enugu East Senatorial Zone

ABSTRACTThe main purpose of this study is to identify the problems and prospects of small and medium enterprise in Enugu East  Senatorial Zone. To do this, data were collected from both primary and secondary sources. The main instrument of data collection was the questionnaire.The data were presented in tables as frequency, distribution in the data analysis, the techniques of percentages frequencies were used. The hypothesis were tested with z-test technique at 5% significance level. Hav...

A New Model for Pricing Collateralized OTC Derivatives

This paper presents a new model for pricing OTC derivatives subject to collateralization. It allows for collateral posting adhering to bankruptcy laws. As such, the model can back out the market price of a collateralized contract. This framework is very useful for valuing outstanding derivatives. Using a unique dataset, we find empirical evidence that credit risk alone is not overly important in determining credit-related spreads. Only accounting for both collateral arrangement and cre...

The Geographical location of Afghanistan and its role in the development of the region

The Geographical location of Afghanistan and its role in the development of the region was approved by Afghanistan ministry of foreign affairs Diploamcy institute this paper provided important information about the geographical location of Afghanistan and its role in the development of the region.by Habibullah Azizi Expert in Aid Management directorate at the Ministry of finance 

Improving Loan Repayment in Ghana: Does Financial Literacy Matter?

Loan defaults continue to be a major challenge that confronts financialinstitutions in developing countries and this impedes their potential role in sustainabledevelopment. Given the enormity of loan defaults, policymakers havedevoted much attention to the phenomenon by implementing strategies and policiesaimed at improving loan repayment to avert the situation. To complement theeffort of policymakers, several empirical studies have also been conducted regardingloan repayment determinants; bu...

Economic policy in Nigeria: Review of the indicators of investment in human capital and economic growth

ABSTRACTThe study examined an empirical investigation of the impact of investment in human capital on economic growth in Nigeria, using time series data from 1980-2014. This paper employs descriptive analysis, trend analysis, causality tests, and the ordinary least square technique. Empirical findings however indicate that there exists a negative relationship between government expenditure on education and economic growth, but there exists a positive relationship betw...

The impact of Agriculture on Economic Growth of Nigeria: 1990-2017

 INTRODUCTION1.1 Background of the studyAgriculture   is   the   foundation   and   bedrock   upon   which   the   development   of   stable   humancommunity   has   depended   on   throughout   the   whole   universe   such   as   rural   and   urbanc...

ROLES OF GENDER AND EDUCATION IN DETERMINING HOUSEHOLD POVERTY IN SOUTH EAST REGION OF NIGERIA

Abstract The paper examines the linkages between gender of household heads, education and household poverty in  South East region of Nigeria between 2001 and 2017. Data analyzed were obtained from four national consumer expenditure surveys conducted in Nigeria in 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2017 by the Federal Office of Statistics. Adjustments were made for price differentials over time and across regions of the country. However, only aggregated data for households were available. Per capi...

ADVANTAGES OF COVID-19 TO THE REAL ESTATE MARKET IN AFRICA

A novel coronavirus (COVID-19) was identified in 2019 in Wuhan, China. This is a new coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. Corona virus disease, is an infectious disease that is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. The COVID-19 outbreak has since spread to about 196 countries and territories in every continent. As the effects of Covid -19 are felt around the world the Real estate is being impacted in many different ways, depending on the region and...

THE IMPACT OF CORONAVIRUS COVID-19 ON THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY

Coronavirus was first discovered in December 2019 in Wuhan China as a Pneumonia of unknown cause. The virus spread very fast, with a number of cases and deaths in quite a short time. In January 30th 2020, the World Health Organization deemed it fit to declare the virus as a public health emergency hazard. It was named COVID-19 in February 2020. Coronavirus COVID-19 are a large family of viruses that can cause illness ranging from cold, sore throat, fever, headache etc. The viruses are z...

Oil Price – Inflation Nexus: A Case Study of South Africa and Nigeria

The goal of this research is to examine the impact of oil price on inflation rates in South Africa and Nigeria- thereby comparing inflation nexus between oil rich and non-oil rich African nations. To accomplish this task the authors have utilized yearly oil price and inflation data from the period of 1987 – 2016 (source: World Bank), thus providing 30 data observations.An ARDL modeling approach has been deemed most appropriate in this analysis due to limited sample data. Our result revealed...

Natural Gas Pipelines in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea

The discovery of large gas fields off the coasts of Israel, Cyprus and Egypt could have significant implications, not merely in addressing the countries 'energy needs, but also for geopolitical relations in the region and with Europe. Such results have already played a major role in the reconciliation agreement and established a new context in which talks can be restarted.

THE NIGERIA EDUCATION WITH REGARDS TO IT’S PHILOSOPHY, EDUCATIONAL POLICY, IMPLENTATION OF THE POLICY AND RESULT

AbstractChanges in comparative advantage should reflect changes in factor endowment, but increasingly, changes in trade policies also affect a region’s trade performance. Based on the arguments in Balassa’s stages of comparative advantage thesis, this paper looks at the comparative cost advantage empirical evidence from Asia. Although the RCA measurement may not distinguish between the factor endowments effects from the trade policy effect, i argue that RCA measures provide indi...

The Effect of Exchange Rate and Interest Rate Volatilities on Stock Prices: Further Empirical Evidence from Ghana

Studies have proven that volatilities in the rates of exchange and interest influence the performance of institutions and the values of their shares. This study investigates empirically the effect of exchange rate and interest rate volatilities on stock prices of f inancial institutions listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange using monthly data spanning the period January 2000 to October 2016. The generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedastic (GARCH) model is employed for the analysis. Th...

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