Research Papers/Topics in Economics

Effects of Political Institutions and Human Capital on Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Panel Data Analysis

ABSTRACT The economic performance in Sub-Saharan Africa has been unimpressive, particularly in comparison with other developing regions like East Asia. Using a panel data for 42 Sub-Saharan African countries for the period 2005-2016, this study investigates the effects of political institutions and human capital on the economic performance in the SSA countries. By using linear dynamic panel data and a fixed effect model, with growth of GDP per capita as the dependent variable, this study...

FUELWOOD AS A SOURCE OF ENERGY

ABSTRACTThe study focuses on forces driving the use of fuelwood among women in Kogi east and the implications of fuelwood on the environment, health and economy of Kogi east. Though Fuelwood has served as the major source of energy for cooking, its effect on the environment and health is to a great extent questionable. There has been noticeable disappearance of trees within the district over the years. The study met its’ quadruplet research objectives through an extensive study of relevant ...

Patient Satisfaction of Healthcare at New Abirem Government Hospital: A Case Study at New Abirem

ABSTRACTThis study sought to examine the various factors that influence the perception of patients towards the quality of healthcare. Over the decades, the Ministry of Health in Ghana has always sought to improve the services of the hospitals so that everyone is taken care of and their life expectancy increased. It is in light of this that the government of Ghana, liaising with the Ministry of Health introduced the National Health Insurance Scheme so that patients can receive treatment withou...

PROJECT(UNEMPLOYMENT AND INFLATION IN NIGERIA,ANY TRADE-OFF

AbstractThe existence of trade-off between unemployment and inflation in Nigeria has remained a controversial issue. While some scholars argue in favour of its existence others claimed Philips curve is nothing but an illusion. This study therefore contributes to the existing literature by trying to find out if there is trade-off between unemployment and inflation in Nigeria using a time series data from 1991-2014.the ordinary least squares (OLS) technique and granger causality test were used ...

THE IMPACT OF CORRUPTION ON NIGERIA’S ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: AN ERROR CORRECTION MECHANISM (ECM) APPROACH (1996-2017)

AbstractThis research investigates the impact of corruption on Economic growth in Nigeria  from  1996-2017.  Data  were  collected  from  the  Central  Bank  of Nigeria  Statistical  Bulletin,  Debt  Management  office  and  Transparency International. The study examines the stochastic characteristics of each time series  by  testing  their  stationarity  using  Augmented  D...

Investing in High Technologies for a Sustainable and Efficient Growth in the Sub-Saharan African Countries

Investing in High-technologies for a sustainable and efficient growth in the Sub-Saharan African countriesbyElhadji Massata DiakhateE-mail: emdiakhate@gmail.comAbstractThis paper discusses the benefits for the Sub-Saharan African countries to invest in high-technologies as a more efficient long-term growth strategy. This type of investment can produce much more effective results than investing in the traditional sectors like agriculture. This paper is organized in four main parts. The first ...

COCOA EXPORT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH OF NIGERIA

This paper investigates if there is a significant long – run relationship between cocoa exports and economic growth in Nigeria. The study covers the periods between 1981 to 2014. The underlying models are the export led growth, hypothesis, neo – classical growth model, presbich trade model and Keynesian model. In the formulated model, real gross domestic product was used as a proxy for economic growth. The explanatory variables used were cocoa export earnings, exchange rate and gove...

Understanding Family Budget and its justifications

Budgeting is no longer an action limited to governments, corporations and authorities, but rather extends to include families as social entities with multiple socio-economic goals.  Budgeting brings considerable benefits to the family, whether on daily basis, short term or long term benefits, where the family plans for both the present and future.  As such, families in all societies have attached a considerable importance to drawing up monthly and annual budgeting in an optimum mann...

THE IMPACT OF EXTERNAL DEBTS ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA

Nigeria’s debt profile has been on the increase over the years, and the country may soon reach a debt threshold that would affect economic growth negatively. This may lead the economy to a debt trap. The study empirically examines the impact of external debt on economic growth in Nigeria. Descriptive and econometric analytical tools were used in data analyses. Data on  Real Gross Domestic Product (RGDP), External Debt Stock, External Debt Service Payment, and Exchange Rate we...

THE EFFECT OF DEREGULATION OF THE DOWNSTREAM OIL SECTOR AND ITS EFFECT ON THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY

ABSTRACTThis study evaluates deregulation of the downstream oil sector and its effect on the Nigerian economy. This study arose out of the need to find solution to the sorry state of the four refineries, the inefficiency in the distribution, the poor pricing of petroleum products and the negative effects of monopolistic structure of the downstream sub-sector. The study attempt to identify the challenges associated with deregulation of the downstream sub-sector and to examine the effects o...

THE EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE DEPRECIATION ON INDUSTRIAL REAL GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT IN NIGERIA (1986-2013)

         ABSTRACT Exchange rate variation has been identified as one of the salient factors that affect economic performance of a nation. Exchange rate plays a crucial role in international economic transactions because no nation is in isolation due to varying factor endowments. Hence, the effect of exchange rate variation on economic growth is subject to analysis in economics. Thus, the focus of this study is to empirically verify the effect of exchange ra...

The Impact of Remittances on Economic Growth in Nigeria

Remittance to less developed countries, Nigeria in particular has been on the increase in recent years. Whether this inflow results in economic growth or negatively affects macroeconomic variables has been an issue of deliberation among policy makers and in most literature. This research work, in an attempt to justify the position of the author, carries out a study on the Impact of Remittance on economic growth in Nigeria using the Johansen co integration test, Ordinary Least Square Re...

QUANTITATIVE DESK ANALYSIS AND SUPPLIERS REVALIDATION SURVEY FOR SANITATION MARKETING

INTRODUCTION:This report presents a quantitative desk analysis on secondary data sieved from materials such as Deep Dive Report, STS Baseline Studies, Unicef Report 2013 and Product Prototype Report of Water Easy Toilet (WET) to establish the potential sales and suppliers’ revalidation in Enugu, Ekiti and Jigawa State. This  report  presents  detailed  actual situational analysis of the existing suppliers and other prospective sanitation businesses in Ekiti and Enugu Sta...

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