Gender Studies Research Papers/Topics

Economic Growth and Female Participation in the Labour Market: Gender Disaggregated Data

The study aims to examine the impact of economic growth on female labour market participation in Kenya with data spanning between 1991 and 2022. Labour-force data disaggregated by gender are important to monitor the dynamic of gender inequalities in the labour market. The secondary data used to construct the time series was obtained from the World Bank and the International Labour Organization sources. The research was informed by the Feminisation U hypothesis, which describes the tendency of...

The Promotion and Protection of Women’s Rights: A Case Study of the United Nations

Abstract: This study investigates and analyses the efforts the United Nations has made in promoting and protecting women’s rights since its inception in 1945. It also analyses the challenges that the UN has faced as a global body in the process of promoting the women’s rights and human rights in general. This study is necessary because not only is the promotion of rights a central mandate for the UN, but because it is considered a critical means for achieving other development goals such...

Mothers’ Attitudes and Perceptions of their roles in Sex Education of their Pre-adolescent Daughters: A Case of Gitundu and Kairuthi Areas of Othaya Division, Nyeri District

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to establish the mothers’ attitudes and perceptions of their own role in the sex education of their pre-adolescent daughters. The study also tried to find out the pre-adolescent girls’ perception of their mothers as sex educators. The study was conducted in Gitundu and Kairuthi sublocations of Iriaini location, Othaya Division, Nyeri District. The researcher used mothers with pre-adolescent daughters aged between 11-15 years in primary schools. Sim...

The Role of Remittance in Further Undermining Gender Equality and Women Participation in the Somali Peace Process

Abstract: This study highlights how remittance undermines Gender equality and women participation in the Somali peace process. Although the Sixth Clan coalition, a Somali women movement, made substantial gains during the 2000 Arta peace process managing to gain at least 12 percent of the seats in a 245 member parliament, the ineffectiveness of the custodians of the peace process that is the IGAD Technical Committee members’ states Kenya, Djibouti and Ethiopia in implementing those gains wa...

An Assessment of Gender-Based Violence Policy Implementation in Kenya

Abstract: The aim of the study was to assess the policy intent and policy implementation of Gender Based Violence policies. The objectives of the study were to and assess the policies governing Gender-Based Violence policy implementation in Kenya; to analyze the relationship between policy intent and implementation of Gender-Based Violence in Kenya; to examine various barriers to Gender-Based Violence policy implementation in Kenya at a national level. The study employed explanatory research...

Gender Quotas and the Implications of Women’s Tokenism in Governance: Case Study of Kenya’s Two-Thirds Gender Rule

Abstract: Globally, governance has been characterized as a masculinized field. This has resulted in women’s representational and participatory crises triggering gender imbalances and inequalities in governance respectively. Therefore, in efforts to achieve gender balance and equality in governance, gender quotas were established as affirmative action tools manifesting differently from state to state. Gender quotas became instrumental in increasing women's numbers in governance as they make...

Rethinking Justice: An Analysis of State Responses to Gender Based Violence in Kenya

Abstract: This study assesses the implementation of Gender Based Violence (GBV) policy in Kenya and state responses. The following objectives guided this study; to analyze the response mechanisms that have been put in place to curb GBV in Kenya, to examine the challenges and or the gaps that hinder the effective implementation and enforcements of the response measures during humanitarian crisis and pandemics, and finally to evaluate how GBV culminated to femicide. Gender-based Violence affec...

Promoting Gender Equality and Women Political Participation in Kenyan County Assemblies: The Case of Machakos County

Abstract: Kenya has signed and ratified a number of conventions and enacted a number of laws and policies to address the gender gap and at the same time promote equality and equity. These developments have been a result of women fighting for their rights over a long period of time. Currently, the Kenyan constitution 2010 provides for a two-thirds gender rule where no single-gender should occupy two-thirds of whichever positions in the public service sphere. This study uses a phenomenological...

Gender Institutionalism in International Organizations: The Progress towards Gender Parity in the United Nations

Abstract: This study focused on gender parity and institutionalism at the United Nations (UN). It sought to assess the progress towards gender parity in the United Nations. It examined the role the UN has played towards mainstreaming gender within its institutions and pursuit of achieving gender equality. The study identified the effects gender parity and institutionalization have on the UN’s development and legitimacy; explored the influence of the UN policy on the achievement of gender p...

Gender and Election Outcomes: The Role of Campaign Financing in Determining the Performance of Women Parliamentary Candidates in Kenya

Abstract: Parliamentary elections in Kenya require candidates to have adequate financial resources to run and successfully win elections. Previous studies have established challenges facing women in their campaigns, leading to poor outcomes as they lose. Previous studies concentrated on elections in general without specific attention to determinants of women contesting for parliamentary seats in the Kenyan context. The limited empirical investigation examining the role of campaign financing ...

The Role of Women Political Leaders in Post-Conflict Reconstruction: The Case of Kenya, 2007-2018

Abstract: The overall objective of this study is to examine the role of women political leaders in Minding reconciliation in Kenya from 7007 to 2018. In most conflict situation, and as demonstrated from the Kenyan cases since the advent of multiparty politics, women tend to suffer most. However, women also take a lead role in peace and in societal reconstruction processes. From the literature reviewed, it emerges that women remain underrepresented in reconciliation, institution building and ...

Impact of Women in Counter Violent Extremism in East Africa: A Case Study of Mombasa, Kilifi and Lamu Counties in Kenya

Abstract: The study explored the concept of the impact of women in countering violent extremism in Kenya. Women play a critical role in encouraging social cohesion and countering violent extremism yet they are not frilly incorporated into counter violent extremism measures and policies in Kenya. The purpose of the study was to examine the role of women in countering violent extremism in Kenya. The specific objectives included to analyze the strength of the legal framework in relation to coun...

Transnational Feminist Activism: Impact on State Policy for Gender-Based Violence. A Case of Busia County in Kenya

Abstract: This study is an ethnographic research that studied how feminist activists appropriate online social media platforms such as Twitter in addition to other contemporary platforms as a site for mobilization and building of online communities. The study argues that feminist activists employ cross-border solidarity. Care, and archival practices to generate radical feminist movements to counter the entrenched forms of patriarchal violence. The chapter, therefore, reiterates the use of fe...

Africa Women in Peace Building: A Case Study of Sudan, Somalia and Rwanda (1994-2014)

Abstract: The place of a woman can be traced to tradition where they are daughter and widow. These definitions that are portrayed do not victim. Nonetheless women's own participation in civil wars contributes their identities and traditional roles. Culture, ethnicity, class of women's involvement in war. Because of their lack of status systematically excluded from decision making opportunities their ignored in conflict zones and in nations emerging from war. Despite significant part in peace...

Women and Peacebuilding in Kenya: The Case of Wajir Peace and Development Agency (2002-2018)

Abstract: The study sought to contribute to the understanding of the factors that have led to the success of women participation in peacebuilding, with specific reference to women in Northern Kenya. The researcher selected the case of the Wajir Peace and Development Agency with the aim of understanding the approaches employed by Wajir Peace and Development Agency in peace building, contributions of Wajir Peace and Development Agency in Wajir county peacebuilding and Kenya and the challenges ...


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