Research Papers/Topics in Psychology

Teachers’ Causal Attributions And Their Perceived Self- Efficacy For Controlling Adolescent Health Risk Behaviors In Secondary Schools In Nairobi County, Kenya

The purpose of this study was to establish teachers’ causal attributions and their perceived self-efficacy in controlling adolescent health risk behaviors (bullying, early sex initiation and drug/substance abuse).  Objectives included establishing: the prevalence of health risk behaviors among adolescents; teachers’ causal attributions for adolescent health risk behaviors; gender differences in causal attributions; differences in teacher causal attributions based on teaching e...

School Psychological Environment, Achievement Goals And Learning Strategies As Predictors Of Form Three Students’ Academic Achievement In Nairobi County, Kenya

Secondary school students’ performance in KCSE over the last four years (2013 to 2016) has been skewed towards low grades nationally and Nairobi County specifically. Much research effort has been directed at investigating psychological factors such as weak academic motivation and self-handicapping as possible causes of poor academic performance. Less focus has been on school psychological environment and achievement goals which may contribute towards students’ academic performance. ...

The Relationship Between Contraceptive Use And Risky Sexual Behaviour Among Secondary School Students In Nairobi City County, Kenya

ABSTRACTThe effective use of contraceptives among adolescents remains a challenge for most developing countries. Therefore, adolescents, both unmarried and married, are faced with many risky sexual behaviors. Many teenagers are faced with the risk of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS, unplanned pregnancies, and illegal abortions and even dropping out of school. This study evaluates the relationship between contraceptive use and risky sexual behavior among adolescent. This study...

Effectiveness Of Offender Rehabilitation Programmes In Addressing The Psychological Needs Of Women Offenders Within The Prisons In Kenya

Globally, for the past decade there has been continuous growth of body of research on women in prisons with USA setting the pace. The studies have gained insights on female pathways to prison (see Collica-Cox, 2018; Bloom, Owen & Covington, 2005) necessitating the development and implementation of programs that are gender responsive to specific needs of women offenders. Such programs are those that address issues that may hinder rehabilitative success and eventually t...

Fear Of Cancer Illness And Its Influence On Self-disclosure Among Adult Patients At Kenyatta National Hospital Cancer Treatment Center In Nairobi City County, Kenya.

Despite the rapid increase in the number of cancer patients in Kenya, the immense physical and psychological challenges that this diagnosis brings both during and after treatment remain largely unaddressed. Literature shows that cancer illness is greatly feared. The fear may influence self disclosure by patients regarding the effects of cancer illness to people they interact with in their day-to-day living. Self-disclosure involves expressing personal experiences on emoti...

Relationship Between Students’ Fear Of Self Disclosure And Help - Seeking Behaviour Among Secondary School Students In Nakuru District

ABSTRACTThe study sought to find out whether students in the selected schools in Nakuru District feared revealing information to their teacher counsellors and whether there was a significant relationship between students’ fear of self disclosure and help seeking behaviour. It further investigated factors that lead to fear of self disclosure like content of disclosure, fear of lack of privacy/confidentiality, vulnerability avoidance, fear of perceived negative feed back and fear of change in...

The Effects Of Sex Education On Adolescents’ Sexual Behavior In Secondary Schools In Thika District, Kenya

ABSTRACT With the achievement of puberty, the adolescent becomes sexually active and competent. This maturity involves the whole process of physical development, emotional feelings and social conditioning. It may well be for the adolescent a period of turmoil and awkward adjustment, of mystery and exchange of wrong information with other adolescents. Adolescents, therefore, need the best possible preparation to enable them to cope well with their sexual development and avoid the most ob...

The relationship between classroom environment and students’ aggressive behaviour in keumbu zone, kisii county, kenya.

ABSTRACT The major purpose of this study was to find out the relationship between classroom environment and students’ aggressive behaviour. To achieve this, adolescents attending high school, specifically those in form three were investigated. An ex-post facto research design was used in the study. The respondents were drawn from three secondary schools in Keumbu Zone, Keumbu Division in Kisii District. Simple random sampling method was used to select the three secondary schools for t...

The Relationship Between Social Media Networking Use And Marital Well-Being Among Couples In Nakuru County, Kenya

ABSTRACT This study examined the relationship between the level of social media networking use and well-being of marital relationships, the relationship between stress and anxiety associated with social media networking use and well-being of marital relationship, and the role of psychotherapy, sociability and social skill development in promoting responsible social media use among couples. The study was grounded on Family Systems Theory and Rational Choice Theory. The study utilized Cor...

Students’ Self Concept And Academic Achievement In Relation To Music Education And Music Performance: A Case Of Nairobi Secondary Schools, Kenya

ABSTRACTThis Study aimed at investigating the relationships between Music Education, Music Performance and secondary school students‘ Self Concept and Academic Achievement. Researchers believe that music helps in enhanced brain activity which increases student‘s ability to perform certain academic tasks. There are, however, inconsistencies on how music influences Self Concept and Academic Achievement. The researcher aimed at seeking to establish the relationship between each of the indepe...

Performance Of Peer Oriented Activities On Prevalence, Knowledge And Attitude Towards Substance Abuse Among Secondary School Students In Machakos County

ABSTRACTSubstance abuse is a problem to many people across the world. Programs and activitieshave been put in place to fight drug and substance abuse in schools. The Ministry ofEducation through the report of the presidential party in education and manpower trainingfor the next decade and beyond and the Commission of inquiry on the education systemof Kenya recommended that peer counseling services be established in all educationalinstitutions. Peer counseling was therefore integrated in...

Selected Correlates Of Examination Anxiety And Academic Performance Of Students In Public Secondary Schools In Khwisero Sub-County, Kakamega County, Kenya

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between exams anxiety, academic performance and other selected correlates, which were, academic procrastination, Locus of control and academic resilience. Indeed, the phenomenon of exams anxiety has been widely studied in relation to academic performance. However, exams anxiety, as a psychological construct, also needs to be understood in terms of other related factors that might precipitate it. In addition, the study also inve...

Metacognitive Knowledge And Cognitive Reading Strategy Use As Predictors Of Reading Comprehension Performance Among Form Three Students In Kiambu County, Kenya

ABSTRACTThe ability to understand and use information from text is a key predict of a student’s success in school learning. Not all factors related to this ability have been adequately investigated. The purpose of this study was to examine metacognitive knowledge and cognitive reading strategy use as predictors of reading comprehension performance among form three students in Lari Sub County, Kiambu County. The study also tested for gender differences in metacognitive knowledge and cognitiv...

The Relationship Between Parenting Style, Attachment Style And Marital Satisfaction Among Married Men And Women

ABSTRACT The study investigated the relationship between parenting style a person was train with, attachment style and later marital satisfaction as well as the factors affecting marital satisfaction in the Ghanaian context using concurrent mixed method design. Two hundred married participants comprising 86 males and 114 females were conveniently sampled from the Greater Accra region of Ghana for the study. Correlational survey design was used to investigate the relationship between par...

Self Monitoring, Job Crafting And Contextual Performance Among Customer Service Personnel

ABSTRACT Customer service delivery has become relevant in modern organizations due to global competition requiring a need for employees to be sensitive to the needs of clients. It is therefore necessary that psychological factors which influence customer services are investigated. This study aimed at exploring the relationships among self monitoring, job crafting and contextual performance among customer service employees. Data for the study was collected from 254 customer service perso...


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