The emergence of cyber bulling in Nigeria and its effect on self-esteem among adolescence

Seun Ogunla 55 PAGES (13623 WORDS) Project
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ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to examine and analyze the emergence of cyber bulling in Nigeria and its effect on self-esteem among adolescence. The study was carried out among four senior secondary school students in Lagos metropolis. Specifically, Birch Freeman High School, Anglican Girl Senior Secondary School, Lagos Progressive Senior Secondary School and Kliffon Senior Secondary School students in Lagos State. A total of 200 questionnaires were distributed and gotten back after completion. Data were collected using The Cyber Bullying Prevalence Questionnaire (CBPQ) (Justin and Sammer, 2007), and Nigerian Self-esteem Scale (). The collected data were analyzed using One-way ANOVA, Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Regression Analysis and Independent T-test. In this research, the statistical finding indicated that there is a significant negative relationship between cyber bullying and self esteem of adolescent. Therefore, the hypothesis that stated that there is a significant negative relationship between cyber bullying and self esteem was accepted. This means that as adolescents experience cyber bullying by their peers, they experience a decrease in their level of self esteem. Furthermore, from the findings of this study, there was significant difference between male and female gender and cyber bullying revealing that male were more involved in cyber bullying than the female counterpart. It further showed that was significant difference among the age groups on cyber bullying with participants between ages 17 to 19 years scored the highest on cyber bullying. The result also revealed that there was significant difference among the average length of time on internet on cyber bullying because participants who reported surfing the internet above 5 hours scored higher on cyber bullying. This means that the hypothesis two that states that age, gender and time spent on the internet significantly affect cyber bullying was accepted. The findings were discussed using appropriate theories and reviews.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Tittle page                                                                                                                               i

Table of contents                                                                                                                    ii

Certification page                                                                                                                   iv        

Dedication                                                                                                                              v

Acknowledgement                                                                                                                  vi

Abstract                                                                                                                                  vii

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction                                                                                                                            1

Background of the Study                                                                                                        1

Statement of the Problem                                                                                                       4

Objectives of the Study                                                                                                          5

Significance of the Study                                                                                                       5

Scope of Study                                                                                                                       6

Operational Definition of Variables                                                                                       7

Literature Review                                                                                                                   8

Theoretical Review                                                                                                                 18

Empirical Review                                                                                                                   21       

Research Questions                                                                                                                22

Hypotheses                                                                                                                             23                                                                                           

CHAPTER TWO

Method                                                                                                                                    24

Research Setting                                                                                                                     24

Population/Participant                                                                                                             24

Sample and Sample Technique                                                                                               24

Research Design                                                                                                                     24

Research Instruments                                                                                                              25

Procedure                                                                                                                                26

Data Analysis                                                                                                                          26

 

CHAPTER THREE                                                                   

Result                                                                                                                                      27

 

CHAPTER FOUR

Discussion                                                                                                                               33

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER FIVE

Conclusion                                                                                                                              37

Recommendation of the Study                                                                                               38

Limitations of the Study                                                                                                         41

References                                                                                                                              43

Appendixes                                                                                                                             53

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APA

Seun, O (2019). The emergence of cyber bulling in Nigeria and its effect on self-esteem among adolescence. Afribary.com: Retrieved December 09, 2019, from https://afribary.com/works/full-work-6

MLA 8th

Ogunla, Seun. "The emergence of cyber bulling in Nigeria and its effect on self-esteem among adolescence" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 06 Aug. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/full-work-6 . Accessed 09 Dec. 2019.

MLA7

Ogunla, Seun. "The emergence of cyber bulling in Nigeria and its effect on self-esteem among adolescence". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 06 Aug. 2019. Web. 09 Dec. 2019. < https://afribary.com/works/full-work-6 >.

Chicago

Ogunla, Seun. "The emergence of cyber bulling in Nigeria and its effect on self-esteem among adolescence" Afribary.com (2019). Accessed December 09, 2019. https://afribary.com/works/full-work-6