GENERAL DISCRIMINATION IN THE EMPLOYMENT OF SECRETARIES IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF MINISTRY OF EDUCATION ENUGU, ENUGU STATE)

ABSTRACT
The study assessed the issue of gender discrimination in the appointment of secretaries in the Nigeria civil service, using the Ministry of Education Enugu State as my case study.
The main purpose of the study is to examine those intervening factors and variables which sum to consolidate instead of abating the problem of continued discrimination in the appointment of female secretaries in the public service.
A questionnaire was used for the data collection.  The different categories of the staff of the ministry of Education were used to test the various research questions formulated for the study.
The sample size was 100 randomly selected from the two main categories of staff the senior and junior staff cadres of the ministry.  The major findings were that:-
i.Women are represented in the world over in the organized workforce of business organizations including the civil service. 
ii.Gender differentiation and unfair employment practices exists as the proportion to the female secretary employees especially to the high and executive positions in the civil service is very low when compared with their male counter parts.
iii.Attainable employment heights for female secretaries if very much restricted, as most of are found in the closed lower segment of the staff hierarchy.  This is unconnected with organization’s employment and management policies strictly controlled and piloted by governments political interests in the running of the civil service.
iv.The performance/dedication ratings of male secretaries in the same position was seen to be higher than that of females in the civil service.  However low intelligent Quotient (1Q) and lack of the ability factor that give rise to this phenomenon. 
v.Male secretaries especially these in high positions receive higher remuneration on the aggregate because of their advantaged position than their female counterparts.
vi.Government Taxation policy favour makes generally irrespective of professional directions.  This is seen to be affected by the concept of female traditional roles as mothers both actual and in potency as well as that of males as bread winners in the family.
Based on the findings, the researcher recommends that:=
(i)The Nigerian Association of chartered secretaries and the Nigerian Association of female Employee with the Nigerian labour congress should begin to address this issue of gender segregation in employment especially as it affects secretaries in all work of organizations especially the civil service.
(ii)The civil service structure should be redesigned and new policy made to bring about the desire changes.
(iii)Women Activities on the employment of women in economic participation should look towards this area of great concern for working females, and secretaries in particular in the civil service.
(iv)The Nigerian civil service should as a matter of urgency broad on their staff training and development programme to enhance secretarial professionalism for both males and females.  
   
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title pageii
Certification pageiii
Dedication iv
Acknowledgement v
Abstractvi
Table of Contentsix

CHAPTER ONE
Introduction1
1.1General Background of the study1
1.2Statement of the problem7
1.3The objectives of the study9
1.4The significance of the study11
1.5The scope of the study15
1.6Research Questions16
1.7Definition of terms17

CHAPTER TWO
Review of Related Literature20
2.1Evolutionary perspective20
2.2Socio-cultural and Economic Dimensions23
2.3Legal perspectives33
2.4Management implications38
2.5Summary42

CHAPTER THREE
Methodology45
3.1Research Design45
3.2Area of study46
3.3Sample and sampling procedure47
3.4Instrumentation 49
3.5Validation of Instruments50
3.6Reliability of instrument50
3.7Method of Data collection50
3.8Method of Data Analysis51

CHAPTER FOUR
Presentation, analysis and interpretation of data.52

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0Discussion Of Results, Summary, Conclusion 
and Recommendations72
5.1Discussion of results72
5.2Summary 82
5.3Recommendations84
5.4Conclusion85
5.5Suggestions for further research 86
5.6Limitation of the study87
References88
Appendix91
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APA

Kings, S. (2018). GENERAL DISCRIMINATION IN THE EMPLOYMENT OF SECRETARIES IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF MINISTRY OF EDUCATION ENUGU, ENUGU STATE). Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/general-discrimination-in-the-employment-of-secretaries-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-ministry-of-education-enugu-enugu-state-9808

MLA 8th

Kings, Solomon "GENERAL DISCRIMINATION IN THE EMPLOYMENT OF SECRETARIES IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF MINISTRY OF EDUCATION ENUGU, ENUGU STATE)" Afribary. Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/general-discrimination-in-the-employment-of-secretaries-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-ministry-of-education-enugu-enugu-state-9808. Accessed 22 May. 2024.

MLA7

Kings, Solomon . "GENERAL DISCRIMINATION IN THE EMPLOYMENT OF SECRETARIES IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF MINISTRY OF EDUCATION ENUGU, ENUGU STATE)". Afribary, Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 22 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/general-discrimination-in-the-employment-of-secretaries-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-ministry-of-education-enugu-enugu-state-9808 >.

Chicago

Kings, Solomon . "GENERAL DISCRIMINATION IN THE EMPLOYMENT OF SECRETARIES IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF MINISTRY OF EDUCATION ENUGU, ENUGU STATE)" Afribary (2018). Accessed May 22, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/general-discrimination-in-the-employment-of-secretaries-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-ministry-of-education-enugu-enugu-state-9808