Genetic Variability In Dura Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq) Germplasm Collected In Ghana

ABSTRACT The success of any breeding programme depends to a large extent on the amount of genetic variability present in the working population at the disposal of the breeder(s). An experiment was set out to assess the genetic variability among 79 accessions of natural dura oil palm collected in Ghana and conserved at OPRI by evaluating 18 agro-morphological traits, 11 years after field planting. The 79 dura oil palms accessions were laid out in an augmented design with two checks on each block. Data were collected on vegetative, yield and yield related characters (bunch and fruit characters). Collected data were analysed using R-statistical software. Results revealed significant variation among the 79 dura oil palm accessions for all traits except total fronds, average bunch weight, percent fruit to bunch and percent kernel to fruit. Heritability (h2 ), ranged from 0 to 85.27 %, genetic coefficient of variation (GCV) from 0 to 68.74%, phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV), from 7.74 to 95.76% and genetic advance (GA), from 0 to 12.72 %. Fresh fruit bunch and bunch weight exhibited high values for h 2 , GCV and moderate GA suggesting a high potential for improvement through selection and better response to selection. Five axes were identified using the principal components (PCs) with Eigen values greater than one explaining 74.82% of the total variance. The first to fifth components accounted for 34.25%, 15.10%, 11.86%, 7.47% and 6.13% of the variation respectively. Accessions GHA 217/02, GHA 221/02, GHA 225/03, GHA 212/02, GHA 203/02, GHA 201/01, GHA 202/01, GHA 221/04, GHA 209/02, GHA 202/02 and GHA 211/02 were phenotypically distant (more diverse) and could be selected for the improvement of the oil palm. Cluster analysis also resolved the accessions into two main clusters based on the 18 agro-morphological traits at 98 % dissimilarity index. Six pairs of accessions were identified as potential duplicates. There was no correlation between clustering and location of collection. Generally, significant positive correlations were found among the vegetative and yield characters while negative correlations were found between vegetative and yield traits on one hand iii and bunch and fruit characters on the other hand. There was a perfect association between the fresh fruit bunch and bunch weight. Potential accessions were identified and have been recommended for utilization in future improvement of the crop. The results suggests potential for effective utilisation of the dura collections in the OPRI’s oil palm breeding programmes and the possibility of establishing a core collections of dura oil palm from the germplasm collection evaluated in this work. 

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APA

DARKWAH, D (2021). Genetic Variability In Dura Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq) Germplasm Collected In Ghana. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/genetic-variability-in-dura-oil-palm-elaeis-guineensis-jacq-germplasm-collected-in-ghana

MLA 8th

DARKWAH, DICKSON "Genetic Variability In Dura Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq) Germplasm Collected In Ghana" Afribary. Afribary, 11 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/genetic-variability-in-dura-oil-palm-elaeis-guineensis-jacq-germplasm-collected-in-ghana. Accessed 21 May. 2024.

MLA7

DARKWAH, DICKSON . "Genetic Variability In Dura Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq) Germplasm Collected In Ghana". Afribary, Afribary, 11 Apr. 2021. Web. 21 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/genetic-variability-in-dura-oil-palm-elaeis-guineensis-jacq-germplasm-collected-in-ghana >.

Chicago

DARKWAH, DICKSON . "Genetic Variability In Dura Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq) Germplasm Collected In Ghana" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 21, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/genetic-variability-in-dura-oil-palm-elaeis-guineensis-jacq-germplasm-collected-in-ghana