Genome-Wide Identification and Characterization of Toll-like Receptors (TLRs) in Diaphorina citri and Their Expression Patterns Induced by the Endophyte Beauveria bassiana

Abstract:

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pathogen recognition receptors (PRRs), which play key roles in helping the host immune system fight pathogen invasions. Systematic information on TLRs at the genome-wide level and expression profiling in response to endophytic colonization is very important to understand their functions but is currently lacking in this field. Here, a total of two TLR genes were identified and characterized in Diaphorina citri. The TLR genes of D. citri were clustered into five families according to the phylogenetic analysis of different species’ TLRs. The domain organization analyses suggested that the TLRs were constituted of three important parts: a leucine-rich repeat (LRR) domain, a transmembrane region (TR) and a Toll/interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain. The mRNA expression levels of the two TLR genes (DcTOLL and DcTLR7) were highly regulated in both nymphs and adults of D. citri. These results elucidated the potentiated TLR gene expression in response to endophytically colonized plants. Furthermore, the 3D structures of the TIR domain were highly conserved during evolution. Collectively, these findings elucidate the crucial roles of TLRs in the immune response of D. citri to entomopathogens systematically established as endophytes, and provide fundamental knowledge for further understanding of the innate immunity of D. citri.
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APA

Carlos, A (2024). Genome-Wide Identification and Characterization of Toll-like Receptors (TLRs) in Diaphorina citri and Their Expression Patterns Induced by the Endophyte Beauveria bassiana. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/genome-wide-identification-and-characterization-of-toll-like-receptors-tlrs-in-diaphorina-citri-and-their-expression-patterns-induced-by-the-endophyte-beauveria-bassiana

MLA 8th

Carlos, Aguila "Genome-Wide Identification and Characterization of Toll-like Receptors (TLRs) in Diaphorina citri and Their Expression Patterns Induced by the Endophyte Beauveria bassiana" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/genome-wide-identification-and-characterization-of-toll-like-receptors-tlrs-in-diaphorina-citri-and-their-expression-patterns-induced-by-the-endophyte-beauveria-bassiana. Accessed 22 May. 2024.

MLA7

Carlos, Aguila . "Genome-Wide Identification and Characterization of Toll-like Receptors (TLRs) in Diaphorina citri and Their Expression Patterns Induced by the Endophyte Beauveria bassiana". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 22 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/genome-wide-identification-and-characterization-of-toll-like-receptors-tlrs-in-diaphorina-citri-and-their-expression-patterns-induced-by-the-endophyte-beauveria-bassiana >.

Chicago

Carlos, Aguila . "Genome-Wide Identification and Characterization of Toll-like Receptors (TLRs) in Diaphorina citri and Their Expression Patterns Induced by the Endophyte Beauveria bassiana" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 22, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/genome-wide-identification-and-characterization-of-toll-like-receptors-tlrs-in-diaphorina-citri-and-their-expression-patterns-induced-by-the-endophyte-beauveria-bassiana