Guidance and Counselling on Students Academic Performance in Secondary Schools in Ndia Division, Kirinyaga District Kenya

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ABSTRACT 

This study was specifically designed and conducted to investigate the relationship between guidance and counseling and academic performance of secondary school students in Ndia Division, Kirinyaga District. The study focused on examining the level of guidance and counseling, level of students’ academic achievement and the relationship between guidance and counseling and students’ academic performance in Secondary schools in Ndia Division. The researcher applied a co relational study design using quantitative approach to derive meaning from quantitative data generated, The main research instrument used to obtain data during the study was Likert scaled questionnaire adopted and modified to suit the objectives of the study. Data collection was guided by the research questions and objectives. A total of 124 respondents were purposely and randomly sampled from the eight secondary schools in the district. Results from the study and analysis showed that there was a significant relationship between guidance and counseling and the academic performance of students. Revelations from the study further indicated that there is still very low levels of academic performance of secondary school students in this division. The level of guidance and counseling was found to be fairly adequate. The study recommended that the government should incorporate guidance and counseling units within each school so as to bring closer these services to the students



TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION A

DECLARATION B ii

APPROVAL SHEET iii

DEDICATION iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT v

ABSTRACT vi

TABLE OF CONTENTS vii

LIST OF TABLES ix

Chapter Page

One THE PROBLEM AND ITS SCOPE 1

Backg round of the Study 1

Statement of the Problem 3

Purpose of the Study 3

Research Objectives 3

Research Questions 4

Hypothesis 4

Scope 4

Significance of the Study 5

Operational Definitions of Key Terms 7

Two REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 8

Introduction 8

Concepts, Ideas, Opinions From Authors/Experts 8

Theoretical Perspectives 13

Related Studies 14

Three METHODOLOGY 17

Research Design 17

Research Population 17

Sample Size 18

Sampling Procedure 18

Research Instrument 18

Validity and Reliability of the Instrument 19

Data Gathering Procedures 19

Data Analysis 20

Ethical Considerations 20

Limitations of the Study 20

Four PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA 21

Five FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS, RECOMMENDATIONS 49

Findings 53

Conclusions 57

Recommendations 58.

References 60

Appendices 63

Appendix I - Transmittal Letter 63

Appendix II - Clearance from Ethics Committee 64

Appendix III - Informed Consent 65

Appendix IV - Research Instrument 66

Researcher’s Curriculum Vitae 75

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APA

Consults, E. & W, G (2023). Guidance and Counselling on Students Academic Performance in Secondary Schools in Ndia Division, Kirinyaga District Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/guidance-and-counselling-on-students-academic-performance-in-secondary-schools-in-ndia-division-kirinyaga-district-kenya

MLA 8th

Consults, Education, and GITHAYE W "Guidance and Counselling on Students Academic Performance in Secondary Schools in Ndia Division, Kirinyaga District Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 09 Jan. 2023, https://afribary.com/works/guidance-and-counselling-on-students-academic-performance-in-secondary-schools-in-ndia-division-kirinyaga-district-kenya. Accessed 31 Jan. 2023.

MLA7

Consults, Education, and GITHAYE W . "Guidance and Counselling on Students Academic Performance in Secondary Schools in Ndia Division, Kirinyaga District Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 09 Jan. 2023. Web. 31 Jan. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/guidance-and-counselling-on-students-academic-performance-in-secondary-schools-in-ndia-division-kirinyaga-district-kenya >.

Chicago

Consults, Education and W, GITHAYE . "Guidance and Counselling on Students Academic Performance in Secondary Schools in Ndia Division, Kirinyaga District Kenya" Afribary (2023). Accessed January 31, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/guidance-and-counselling-on-students-academic-performance-in-secondary-schools-in-ndia-division-kirinyaga-district-kenya