Heavy Metal Pollution In Red Haricot Beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris) And Cowpeas (Vigna Unguiculata) Grown Using Untreated Sewage Water In Ruai, Nairobi - Kenya

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Recurrent rainfall inconsistency experienced across Kenya brings about a reduction in crop production that relies on rain fed agriculture. Nairobi peri-urban farmers have turned to irrigate their residential plots using untreated sewage water. A study was done on P.vulgaris (red haricot beans) and V. unguiculata (cowpeas) between Nov. 2009 and Jan. 2010 in Ruai – Nairobi County. The general objective of the study was to investigate levels of heavy metals: (cadmium (Cd), copper(Cu),lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) in P.vulgaris and V.unguiculata grown in sewage contaminated soil and irrigated using untreated sewage water. Randomized Experimental Block Design - Latin Square was adopted. Two adjacent sites, 20m apart, measuring 4. 5m x 4. 5m each were mapped out as Sites 1 and 2 being main treatments A and B (Control) respectively. The sites were each divided into 3 blocks; each block had 3 plots which were prepared. Three plots were planted with P.vulgaris, 3 with V. unguiculata and 3were without crop. Sites 1 and 2 were irrigated with untreated sewage water and tap water respectively. Samples of certified seeds, soils, waters and plants parts were randomly taken before planting, at 15, 30, 60 and 90 days after planting and were processed, analyzed in the laboratory using the laboratory procedures for determining heavy metals by an Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) (Model 210 VGP). Data analysis was carried out by ANOVA, Genstat program. The study revealed significant differences (P< 0.05) in levels of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in different parts of beans and cowpeas grown in sites 1 and 2. In beans roots, the mean levels were 0. 135 m gL-1 in site 1 and 0. 160 m gL-1 in site 2 for Pb,0. 629 m gL-1 in site 1 and 0. 782 m gL-1 in site 2 for Zn, Cu was spectrophotometrically undetectable in site 1 and 0.003 m gL -1 in site 2, Cd was spectrophotometrically undetectable in site 1 and 0.001m gL-1 in site 2, whereas in cowpeas roots the mean levels of Cd and Cu were spectrophotometrically undetectable in sites 1 and 2, Pb was 0. 484 m gL-1 in site 1 and 0. 423 m gL-1 in site 2, Zn was 1. 615 m gL-1 in site 1 and 1. 462 m gL-1 in site 2. There were significant differences (P

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APA

SIGORIA, E (2021). Heavy Metal Pollution In Red Haricot Beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris) And Cowpeas (Vigna Unguiculata) Grown Using Untreated Sewage Water In Ruai, Nairobi - Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/heavy-metal-pollution-in-red-haricot-beans-phaseolus-vulgaris-and-cowpeas-vigna-unguiculata-grown-using-untreated-sewage-water-in-ruai-nairobi-kenya

MLA 8th

SIGORIA, EVERLYNE "Heavy Metal Pollution In Red Haricot Beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris) And Cowpeas (Vigna Unguiculata) Grown Using Untreated Sewage Water In Ruai, Nairobi - Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 01 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/heavy-metal-pollution-in-red-haricot-beans-phaseolus-vulgaris-and-cowpeas-vigna-unguiculata-grown-using-untreated-sewage-water-in-ruai-nairobi-kenya. Accessed 19 Jun. 2024.

MLA7

SIGORIA, EVERLYNE . "Heavy Metal Pollution In Red Haricot Beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris) And Cowpeas (Vigna Unguiculata) Grown Using Untreated Sewage Water In Ruai, Nairobi - Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 01 Jun. 2021. Web. 19 Jun. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/heavy-metal-pollution-in-red-haricot-beans-phaseolus-vulgaris-and-cowpeas-vigna-unguiculata-grown-using-untreated-sewage-water-in-ruai-nairobi-kenya >.

Chicago

SIGORIA, EVERLYNE . "Heavy Metal Pollution In Red Haricot Beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris) And Cowpeas (Vigna Unguiculata) Grown Using Untreated Sewage Water In Ruai, Nairobi - Kenya" Afribary (2021). Accessed June 19, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/heavy-metal-pollution-in-red-haricot-beans-phaseolus-vulgaris-and-cowpeas-vigna-unguiculata-grown-using-untreated-sewage-water-in-ruai-nairobi-kenya