Inter Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD): Establishment And Functions of IGAD Based on one of Regional Integration Theories

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IGAD  is  a  Regional  Economic Community  (REC)  in  Eastern  Africa  and one  of  the  eight  building  blocks  of  the African Economic Community (AEC) of the African Union (AU), (IAD,2016). 

The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in Eastern Africa was created  in  1996  to  supersede  the Intergovernmental  Authority  on  Drought and  Development  (IGADD)  which  was founded  in  1986  to  mitigate  the  effects  of the  recurring  severe  droughts  and  other natural disasters that resulted in widespread famine,  ecological  degradation  and economic  hardship  in  the  region.  Djibouti, Ethiopia,  Kenya,  Somalia,  Sudan  and Uganda   took  action  through  the  United Nations  to  establish  the  intergovernmental body for development and drought control in 

their  region.  Eritrea  became  the  seventh member  after  attaining  independence  in 1993 and in 2011 South Sudan joined IGAD as the eighth member state (IGAD, 2016). With  the  inauguration  of  IGAD, great  emphasis  was  given  to  the  peaceful settlement  of  regional conflicts  as  a  means for  achieving  sustainable  development. IGAD  member  states  agreed:  a)  to  take effective  collective  measures  to  eliminate threats  to  regional  cooperation,  peace,  and stability;  b)  to  establish  effective mechanisms of consultation and cooperation for  the  peaceful  settlement  of  differences and  disputes;  and  c)  to  agree  to  deal  with disputes between member states within this sub-regional  mechanism  before  they  are referred  to  other  regional  or  international organizations (IGAD 1996). With  this aim, 

three priority areas were identified: conflict prevention,  management  and  humanitarian affairs; infrastructure development and food security; and the environment. 


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APA

Zelelew, B. (2021). Inter Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD): Establishment And Functions of IGAD Based on one of Regional Integration Theories. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/igad-establishment-and-functions-of-igad-based-on-one-of-regional-integration-theories

MLA 8th

Zelelew, Belayneh "Inter Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD): Establishment And Functions of IGAD Based on one of Regional Integration Theories" Afribary. Afribary, 02 Jul. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/igad-establishment-and-functions-of-igad-based-on-one-of-regional-integration-theories. Accessed 17 Oct. 2021.

MLA7

Zelelew, Belayneh . "Inter Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD): Establishment And Functions of IGAD Based on one of Regional Integration Theories". Afribary, Afribary, 02 Jul. 2021. Web. 17 Oct. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/igad-establishment-and-functions-of-igad-based-on-one-of-regional-integration-theories >.

Chicago

Zelelew, Belayneh . "Inter Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD): Establishment And Functions of IGAD Based on one of Regional Integration Theories" Afribary (2021). Accessed October 17, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/igad-establishment-and-functions-of-igad-based-on-one-of-regional-integration-theories