Research Papers/Topics in International Law and Diplomacy

Appraisal of the Security Council as Machinery for the Maintenance of International Peace and Security under the UN Charter

ABSTRACT  The United Nations which was founded in 1945 after the Second World War reflects humanity’s aspiration for peace; security and progress. Thus, one of the cardinal points of the preamble of the Charter of the United Nations is that members of the organization resolve to pool their resources together to actualize certain objectives. These objectives include inter alia; the practice of tolerance; to live in peace with one another as good neighbours; to bring about an international r...

The Relationship Between the International Criminal Court, The United Nations Security Council and International Climinal Justice

ABSTRACT The research assessed the relationship between the International Criminal Court (ICC) and the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). Although the establishment of the International Criminal Court was welcomed, and many people thought it to be a measure to avoid the accusations of double standards, or “victor’s justice,” which marked some previous international criminal tribunals, the research question was, whether the relationship between the ICC and the UNSC does not unnecess...

Fair Hearing and Legal Representation of the Indigents: An Assessment of Legal Aid Scheme in Kano State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT The idea oflegal aid in Nigeria was first conceived in 1961 with a Bill to establish the Legal Aid Act, which did not materialize as a result ofthe civil war. Legal Aid Association was formed by some lawyers with the purpose of providing legal aid to the poor, culminating in to the promulgation of the Legal Aid Decree no. 56 of 1976, which metamomphose in to the present LegalAid Act 2011.In order to assess the state of legal aid scheme in Kano State with a view to ascertaining the ri...

A Critical Analysis of Voters’ Right to Participation in Electoral Process in Uganda: The Distinction Between the Theory and Practice After the 1995 Constitution

ABSTRACT This research focused on a critical analysis of voters’ riqht to participation in electoral process in Uganda: The distinction between the theory and practice after the 1995 constitution. The major objective was to Critic the legal framework of Uganda electoral legislation standards to voter~ ri~qhts of participation in election process, to critic the legal system of institutions in ensuring voter’s riqhts of participation in elections periods fri Uganda, to draw the gap between ...

Aspects of Environmental Norms under the World Trade Organization

ABSTRACT  This study was to establish aspects of environmental norms under the world trade organization and to determine existing conflicts between trade rules with Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs). The study uses qualitative comparative case-study methodology to analyze ten environmental-based, GAIT article XX exceptions cases. Each of these cases had been brought before the dispute resolution mechanisms of GATT and WTO respectively. The study is driven by a desi;~e to gain some...

A Critique of the Law Relating to Freedom of Expression in Uganda

ABSTRACT  This research analyzed the right to freedom of expression in Uganda; it begins by stating that Human rights are classified into four generations that is to say the first, second, third and fourth. Freedom of expression originates from the first generation rights which encompass all civil and political rights set forth under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948). This right entails freedom of thought, conscience and religion; freedom of opinion and expression; freedom of ...

An Analysis of International Humanitarian Law and Protection of Civilians During Internal Armed Conflict A Case of South Sudan

ABSTRACT  This thesis explored the position of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) in the on-going internal armed conflict in South Sudan. This topic became a subject of exploration in this study because there has been minimal scholarly inf01mation regarding violation of IHL in on - going armed conflicts in South Sudan yet many humanitarian challenges and human right abuses as well as violations that have been. This study found out that International Humanitarian Law encompasses various asp...

Legal Mechanism of the East African Treaties in Fighting Cross Border Crimes Case Study: Gatuna Border

ABSTRACT In this study, the researcher has focused on four questions mainly: in order to ascertain the measures to promote and enhance peace and security of general interest, what are the mechanisms adopted by EAC Partner States? With respect to the Treaty for the establishment of the EAC strategies which emphasizes peace, security and good neighborliness, explain the EAC strategies in the maintenance of regional peace and security. Despite their willingness to cooperate, what is the quality ...

The Right to a Fair Hearing and Legal Representation of the Indigents: A Case Study of Legal Aid Scheme in Kano State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT The idea of legal aid in Nigeria was first conceived in 1961 with a Bill to establish the Legal Aid Act, which did not materialize as a result of the civil war. Legal Aid Association was formed by some lawyers with the purpose of providing legal aid to the poor, culminating in to the promulgation of the Legal Aid Decree no. 56 of 1976, which metamorphose in to the present Legal Aid Act 2011.In order to assess the state of legal aid scheme in Kano State with a view to ascertaining the...

The Role of Military Diplomacy in Ethiopia Foreign Policy

 AbstractThe main objective of this study is to examine the role of military diplomacy in Ethiopia foreign policy. To achieve this objective qualitative approach was employed for the study and data was collected through interview of key informants and checklist as primary data while secondary data was from different materials in the education center and electronic materials. For this study purposive and non-probable sampling techniques were used to collect information from sources believ...

Ethiopias role of counter terrorism and its implication in the horn of Africa

This paper seeks to review Ethiopia’s role in counter-terrorism in the horn of Africa. The analysis presented in the article is based on the qualitative data provided by international organizations, governments, research institutions, and other concerned bodies in the area. Secondary data was collected by analyzing the literature in academic journals, policy documents, periodicals, books, newspapers, and academic papers and magazines, TV documentaries on the research questions of this study...

Procedures for Expropriation of FDI under the Ethiopian and International Law: Comparative Analysis

Abstract  Well managed and protected FDI without doubt is an engine to economic development of a given country. The main reason that justifies the of foreign investor‟s property and investment among other things trace protection backs to the right of the investors to own property and to encourage them to invest. However, this right is not without exceptions as the host states have inherent sovereign right to expropriate any property or investment which resides with...

Inter Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD): Establishment And Functions of IGAD Based on one of Regional Integration Theories

IGAD is a Regional Economic Community (REC) in Eastern Africa and one of the eight building blocks of the African Economic Community (AEC) of the African Union (AU), (IAD,2016).  The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in Eastern Africa was created in 1996 to supersede the Intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD) which was founded in 1986 to mitigate the effects of the recurring severe droughts and other natural dis...

Counter-Radicalization As A Security Measure Against Terrorism In Kwale County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Radicalization has become a major problem resulting to a more unstable and conflict prone world. Radicalization leads to violent extremism and the final stage is terrorism. The ease to radicalize people is as a result of marginalization in areas such as economic, social and political exclusion, fight for religious ideologies as well as human rights violations. Kenya is experiencing the major challenge of being primarily a soft target or a source of terrorism in the Horn of Africa. F...

Native System OF Land Tenure In Gape Colony And The Transkeian Districts.

ABSTRACT The Native tribes which cotjle under our consideration are those situated in the Eastern districts of Cape Colony and in the districts collectively known as the Transkei. It should be noted, in ~he first place, that these tribes had not had a long and undisturbed occupation of their territories. They were,~ colonists of almost as recent an origin as that of their white neighbours. They had been constantly disturbed as regards the occupation of their lands by their own migra...


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