Research Papers/Topics in International Law And Diplomacy

PROTECTION OF REFUGEES AND CHALLENGES TO INTERNAL SECURITY IN KENYA

AbstractThe refugee situation in Kenya has experienced important changes in the last 20 years. Faced with the refugee crisis of the early 1990s, there was a major shift away from a previous government-led, open, and laisse-faire approach to refugees. The government’s emerging strategy was clear; to offer temporary protection, delegate dealing with refugees to UNHCR and to contain them in remote areas of the country. Kenya is a signatory to 1951 UN Convention Relating to the Statu...

Conflict of Law: Proper Law of Contract

HISTORYUntil the middle of the 19th century, the courts applied the lex loci contractus or the law of the place where the contract was made, to decide whether the give contact was valid. The apparent advantage of this approach was that the rule was easy to apply with certain and predictable outcomes. Unfortunately, it was also open to abuse, e.g. the place could be selected fraudulently to validate an otherwise invalid contract; it might lead to application of laws with no real connec...

THE PROTECTION OF SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH RIGHTS OF WOMEN WITH DISABILITIES UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW

ABSTRACT Women with disabilities (WWDs) are three times more vulnerable to violations and exclusion from the enjoyment of their Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHRs) than their male counterparts with disabilities; how much more their counterparts without disabilities. SRHRs as well as disability rights have become a mainstream topic in International Human Rights circles; the rights having been codified in a number of international instruments. People with Disabilities (PWDs)...

HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE 21ST CENTURY: PROTECTING AND PROMOTING THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES.

Abstract Human rights have been in existence since time immemorial. The 21st century has witnessed an unprecedented expansion in the domain of internationally recognized rights. This has led to the formal proclamation of human rights as belonging to all persons including Persons with Disabilities (PWDs) thus the creation of an independent treaty to universally protect, promote and realize the human rights and fundamental freedoms of PWDs. This paper discusses the international protection of ...

A new dawn in the Maghreb- A case study of Libyas 2011 Uprisings

When we hear of an uprising, the first thing that comes to mind is a state of dissatisfaction which has led to a reaction. But then, It is curious to find in an uprising a situation that seems satisfactory as the trigger. This is especially so in a context where much more troubling situations exist. This is what one may sum of the irony in the Libyan uprising that resulted in a civil war and the subsequent regime change. It is in line with this that this study attempts to unravel the ob...

REGIONAL DIPLOMACY FOR PEACE INIATIVES IN EAST AFRICA

AbstractThis is a study aimed at assessing the regional diplomacy effectiveness in the East African region. Special attention has been applied to how the bordering East African states have responded to the resolution of the Somalia conflict using their regional organization IGAD. The conflict has existed for more than a decade with various initiates being used to curb the conflict. It begins with a brief analysis of nature of the conflict and the effects to the neighboring countries, that is,...

Refugee Situation in Darfur

This paper gives a description on the background of the conflict in Darfur.  Also, it discusses the causes and plight of the refugees in Darfur.  In addition, it looks at the roles played by various international organizations in the Dafuri conflict.  Furthermore, it discusses suggestions for future international action.  Finally, it concludes on all the issues discussed. 

The Nigerian Civil War and the failure of United Nations: A Jurisprudential Analysis

In the decade since the International Criminal Court (ICC) came into existence, there is wide awareness, though little true understanding, of the work of the international criminal tribunals. International prosecutions of high-ranking civilian and military leaders, including former heads of state, on charges of crimes against humanity, war crimes, crime of aggression and genocide, represent for many the ultimate condemnation of these individuals of their fall from power. Yet, despite th...

A CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF THE PAYMENT OF CIVIL SERVANTS SALARY

The Civil Service is the administrative bureaucracy which occupies an essential position in the political system of nations. Throughout the world, the contributions of Civil Service in promoting sustainable and equitable economic growth are receiving increasing attention. Efficient and effective management of the Civil Service are critical to sustainable socio-economic development of a nation. Thus, any government that neglects this body is headed for socio-economic and political destru...

AN APPRAISAL OF THE DOCTRINE OF DOMICILE UNDER THE PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW

ABSTRACTThis write up is to assess the quality of the value of the doctrine of domicile under the Private International Law i. e Conflict of laws.Private International Law is that part of law of a country which deals with cases having a foreign element. It is therefore the that part of law that comes into into play whenever the issue before the affect some events/ facts/ transactions that are so closely connected with a foreign system of laws as to necessitate recourse to that system.The law ...

RETRIBUTION IN INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM

The concept of international criminal justice process is underpinned by several goals or objectives in international criminal law. Among the goals or objectives are retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation, denunciation/education, vindicating the rights of the victims, recording history, and post-conflict reconciliation. Flowing from the above, the focus of this essay will be on retribution as one of the goals or objectives underpinning the international criminal justice p...

IMPACT OF GLOBALIZATION ON INTERDEPENDENCY OF DEVELOP AND DEVELOPING SOVEREIGN STATES

AbstractNigeria-United States relations remain a critical aspect of Nigerian foreign policy. Thedemands, challenges and competition of this 21st century have made it pertinentthat Nigeria review her relation/interdependency with United States in order tobenefit maximally from their relation. One would have thought that Nigeria-USeconomic relation since 1960 would have moved Nigeria from being a Third worldnation to at least a Second world nation but like the story of any otherdeveloping econo...

THE IMPACT OF MOTIVATION ON EMPLOYEE’S JOB PERFORMANCE IN AN ORGANISATION (A CASE STUDY OF ACCESS BANK PLC OKPARA AVENUE AND ABAKALIKI ROAD BRANCHES, ENUGU)

ABSTRACT This study is aimed at determining the impact of motivation on employee‟s job performance in an organization. (A case study of Access Bank Plc). The purpose here is to investigate and identify factors responsible for the current state of affairs and seek to find practical solution for lack of staff motivation and job performance. The research design is survey research design comprising of opinions, impressions and perceptions of the respondents. The sampling technique was simp...