Research Papers/Topics in International Law And Diplomacy

An Assessment of The United Nations and the Gulf War 1, Principle and Collective Security Approaches

The purpose of this research is to critique the Principle of Collective Security and proffer possible solutions to help policy makers in the international arena devise means of calling off collective actions and improve the tenets of Collective Security. Gulf War 1 (1990-1991) is the major focus in critiquing the Principle of Collective Security. The research approach is non-experimental, qualitative, exploratory-descriptive and contextual. In this study, the sampling method was non-probable ...

ISSUES RELATING TO CHINA AS THE EMERGING WORLD ECONOMIC POWER AND ITS INVESTMENT IN NIGERIA

AbstractChina’s remarkable economic growth and relative stability have seen it taking on bigger international roles as an economic and political power of its own kind and in its own right. In fact, it has been opined that “there is unequivocal evidence that China has positioned itself as (the) economically relevant country in the world in recent times such that, it is described as the world’s emerging giant among emerging economies, and as ‘economic powerhouse’.” Being this planet...

The Chicago Convention and Civilian Aircraft in Times of War

AbstractAirspace used for civil aviation is also used for military purposes. Military activities undoubtedly present safety implications for civil aviation. Generally, the greatest risk posed by military activities to civil aviation has been demonstrated by occurrences of civil aircraft being shot down deliberately or by mistake, causing numerous fatalities.This paper undertook a doctrinal analysis of civilian aircraft in times of war; beginning with a conceptual analysis of terms vital to th...

The Doctrine of Res Judicata of an International Arbitral Awards

INTRODUCTIONEvery legal order recognizes the need for finality of disputes and it is commonlyknown as Res Judicata1. This principle exists in all jurisdictions and it is aimed atputting an end to the adjudication of disputes. Some writers suggest it is rooted inpublic policy and others take the view as not taking the second bite at the cherry2, thisprinciple is important to dispute resolution. Dispute resolution can take many formssuch as litigation, to alternative forms among which is arbitr...

STATE RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT ERGA OMNES RIGHT: AN APPRAISAL OF THE NIGERIAN STATE PROSECUTION OF THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM

The prevalence of terrorist attacks on the Nigerian State despite the Nigerian government counter-terrorism efforts have led to several discussions on the way forward. This long essay seeks to advocate for international collaboration with the Nigerian government to fight and actually defeat terrorism in Nigeria.ABSTRACTThisstudyseekstoappraisetheprosecutionofthewaragainstterrorism bytheNigerian state governmentvis-à-vis the legalprinciples ofstate responsibility,responsibilitytoprotectanderg...

PROTECTION OF REFUGEES AND CHALLENGES TO INTERNAL SECURITY IN KENYA

AbstractThe refugee situation in Kenya has experienced important changes in the last 20 years. Faced with the refugee crisis of the early 1990s, there was a major shift away from a previous government-led, open, and laisse-faire approach to refugees. The government’s emerging strategy was clear; to offer temporary protection, delegate dealing with refugees to UNHCR and to contain them in remote areas of the country. Kenya is a signatory to 1951 UN Convention Relating to the Statu...

Conflict of Law: Proper Law of Contract

HISTORYUntil the middle of the 19th century, the courts applied the lex loci contractus or the law of the place where the contract was made, to decide whether the give contact was valid. The apparent advantage of this approach was that the rule was easy to apply with certain and predictable outcomes. Unfortunately, it was also open to abuse, e.g. the place could be selected fraudulently to validate an otherwise invalid contract; it might lead to application of laws with no real connec...

THE PROTECTION OF SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH RIGHTS OF WOMEN WITH DISABILITIES UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW

ABSTRACT Women with disabilities (WWDs) are three times more vulnerable to violations and exclusion from the enjoyment of their Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHRs) than their male counterparts with disabilities; how much more their counterparts without disabilities. SRHRs as well as disability rights have become a mainstream topic in International Human Rights circles; the rights having been codified in a number of international instruments. People with Disabilities (PWDs)...

HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE 21ST CENTURY: PROTECTING AND PROMOTING THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES.

Abstract Human rights have been in existence since time immemorial. The 21st century has witnessed an unprecedented expansion in the domain of internationally recognized rights. This has led to the formal proclamation of human rights as belonging to all persons including Persons with Disabilities (PWDs) thus the creation of an independent treaty to universally protect, promote and realize the human rights and fundamental freedoms of PWDs. This paper discusses the international protection of ...

A new dawn in the Maghreb- A case study of Libyas 2011 Uprisings

When we hear of an uprising, the first thing that comes to mind is a state of dissatisfaction which has led to a reaction. But then, It is curious to find in an uprising a situation that seems satisfactory as the trigger. This is especially so in a context where much more troubling situations exist. This is what one may sum of the irony in the Libyan uprising that resulted in a civil war and the subsequent regime change. It is in line with this that this study attempts to unravel the ob...

REGIONAL DIPLOMACY FOR PEACE INIATIVES IN EAST AFRICA

AbstractThis is a study aimed at assessing the regional diplomacy effectiveness in the East African region. Special attention has been applied to how the bordering East African states have responded to the resolution of the Somalia conflict using their regional organization IGAD. The conflict has existed for more than a decade with various initiates being used to curb the conflict. It begins with a brief analysis of nature of the conflict and the effects to the neighboring countries, that is,...

Refugee Situation in Darfur

This paper gives a description on the background of the conflict in Darfur.  Also, it discusses the causes and plight of the refugees in Darfur.  In addition, it looks at the roles played by various international organizations in the Dafuri conflict.  Furthermore, it discusses suggestions for future international action.  Finally, it concludes on all the issues discussed. 

The Nigerian Civil War and the failure of United Nations: A Jurisprudential Analysis

In the decade since the International Criminal Court (ICC) came into existence, there is wide awareness, though little true understanding, of the work of the international criminal tribunals. International prosecutions of high-ranking civilian and military leaders, including former heads of state, on charges of crimes against humanity, war crimes, crime of aggression and genocide, represent for many the ultimate condemnation of these individuals of their fall from power. Yet, despite th...

A CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF THE PAYMENT OF CIVIL SERVANTS SALARY

The Civil Service is the administrative bureaucracy which occupies an essential position in the political system of nations. Throughout the world, the contributions of Civil Service in promoting sustainable and equitable economic growth are receiving increasing attention. Efficient and effective management of the Civil Service are critical to sustainable socio-economic development of a nation. Thus, any government that neglects this body is headed for socio-economic and political destru...

AN APPRAISAL OF THE DOCTRINE OF DOMICILE UNDER THE PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW

ABSTRACTThis write up is to assess the quality of the value of the doctrine of domicile under the Private International Law i. e Conflict of laws.Private International Law is that part of law of a country which deals with cases having a foreign element. It is therefore the that part of law that comes into into play whenever the issue before the affect some events/ facts/ transactions that are so closely connected with a foreign system of laws as to necessitate recourse to that system.The law ...

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