Impact Of Land Use And Land Cover Change On Stream Flow In Nyangores Sub-catchment Mara River, Kenya

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 The Nyangores sub-catchment of the transboundary Mara Basin of Kenya and Tanzania is an important upstream area due to its ecological composition. Like many other sub-catchments in Kenya, Nyangores sub-catchment has undergone significant land cover changes arising from various socio-economic reasons. In the Nyangores sub-catchment, these changes are believed to be amplifying stream flows through increased runoff rates during rainfall seasons. Over the years, land use changes have been observed and have contributed to environmental changes which has led to reduction in vegetation cover in the upper catchements hence impacting on the river flow. Hydrological models have proved to be efficient evaluating the effects of land cover changes on stream flow characteristics. These models require high resolution spatio-temporal land cover information which defines the change statistics and directions. The aim of this study was; (i) To determine the physical sub-catchment characteristics. (ii)To assess the spatial and temporal land cover change (1995-2010). (iii) To assess the effects of land use land cover changes on the stream flow in Nyangores subcatchment. The morphometric characteristics were assessed from a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) based on standard and automated procedures available within ArcGIS to determine physically based catchment characteristics. The land cover changes were obtained through classification of Landsat images for 1995 (Landsat TM) and 2010 (Landsat ETM+) based on a supervised classification methodology employing the Maximum Likelihood Function. The images were classified into four major classes namely, farmlands, tree plantation, natural forest and Shrub lands. The WEAP model was calibrated and validated using observed monthly streamflow data and later used to simulate the land cover change effects on stream flow between 1995 and 2010. From the morphometric analysis, the sub-catchment covers an area of about 933km2

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APA

AfroAsia, R (2021). Impact Of Land Use And Land Cover Change On Stream Flow In Nyangores Sub-catchment Mara River, Kenya. Afribary.com: Retrieved June 18, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/impact-of-land-use-and-land-cover-change-on-stream-flow-in-nyangores-sub-catchment-mara-river-kenya

MLA 8th

Research, AfroAsia. "Impact Of Land Use And Land Cover Change On Stream Flow In Nyangores Sub-catchment Mara River, Kenya" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 06 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/impact-of-land-use-and-land-cover-change-on-stream-flow-in-nyangores-sub-catchment-mara-river-kenya . Accessed 18 Jun. 2021.

MLA7

Research, AfroAsia. "Impact Of Land Use And Land Cover Change On Stream Flow In Nyangores Sub-catchment Mara River, Kenya". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 06 Jun. 2021. Web. 18 Jun. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/impact-of-land-use-and-land-cover-change-on-stream-flow-in-nyangores-sub-catchment-mara-river-kenya >.

Chicago

Research, AfroAsia. "Impact Of Land Use And Land Cover Change On Stream Flow In Nyangores Sub-catchment Mara River, Kenya" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed June 18, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/impact-of-land-use-and-land-cover-change-on-stream-flow-in-nyangores-sub-catchment-mara-river-kenya