Impact of Tourism to Local Community in National Parks in Uganda. A Case Study of Queen Elizabeth National Park.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION .................................................................................................................................... i

APPROVAL. .......................................................................................................................................... ii

DEDICATION ..................................................................................................................................... iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ................................................................................................................... iv

LIST OF ACRONYMS ........................................................................................................................ v

LIST OF TABLES ............................................................................................................................... ix

LIT OF FIGURES ................................................................................................................................ x

ABSTRACT .......................................................................................................................................... xi

CHAPTER ONE ............................................................................................................................. l

1.0 Introduction ................................................................................................................................. 1

1.1 Back·ground to the study ......................................................................................................... 3

1.2 Problem statement ..................................................................................................................... 5

1.4 Objectives of the study .............................................................................................................. 5

1.5 Research Questions ................................................................................................................... 6

1.6 Scope of the study ...................................................................................................................... 6

1. 7 Significance of the study .......................................................................................................... 6

1.8 Theoretical and Conceptual Frame Works ........................................................................... 7

CHAPTER TWO ............................................................................................................................ 8

LITERATURE REVIEW ..................................................................................................................... 8

2.0 Introduction ................................................................................................................................. 8

2.1 Tourism concept ......................................................................................................................... 9

2.2 Community livelihoods concept.. .......................................................................................... 10

2.3 Linking tourism and livelihood concepts ........................................................................... 11

2.4 Linking community and protected areas ............................................................................ 11

2.5 Challenges-associated with tourism and community livelihoods ................................ 12

CHAPTER THREE ..................................................................................................................... 14

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY ...................................................................................................... 14

3.1 Research design ........................................................................................................................ 14

vi

3.2 Study population and sample size ................................................................................... 14

3.3 Sampling procedure ............................................................................................................. 15

3.4 Data sources and collection instruments ....................................................................... 15

3.5 Data analysis ......................................................................................................................... 15

3.6 Research instruments ......................................................................................................... 16

3.6.1 Questionnaires .................................................................................................................. 16

3.6.2 Observation ........................................................................................................................ 16

3.6.3 Interviews ............................................................................................................................ 16

3.7 Validity and reliability ......................................................................................................... 17

3.8 Ethical considerations ......................................................................................................... 17

3. 9 Limitations of the study ...................................................................................................... 18

CHAPTER FOUR. .................................................................................................................... 19

PRESENTATION INTERPRETATION AND DATA ANLAYSIS .............................................. 19

4.0 Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 19

4.1 Demographic characteristics of respondents ................................................................ 19

4.2 Identifying the tourism activities that take place in and around National Park. 22

4.3 Activities that have contributed to the improvement of community livelihoods in

Queen Elizabeth community ..................................................................................................... 24

4.4 Challenges that local people face in participating in eco tourism activities .......... 27

4.5 The relationship between tourism development and the livelihood of the local

community .................................................................................................................................... 29

CHAPTER FIVE ...................................................................................................................... 32

DISCUSSION FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ........................ 32

5.0 Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 32

5.1 Discussion of findings ......................................................................................................... 32

5.1.1 Demographic ...................................................................................................................... 32

5.1.2 Tourism activities that the local people engage in at Queen Elizabeth National

Park ................................................................................................................................................. 33

5.1.3 The challenges that local people face in participating in tourism activities ...... 35

5.1.4 The relationship between tourism development and the livelihood of the local

community ..................................................................................................................................... 38

ABSTRACT The examined the tourism contributions towards livelihoods improvement in Queen Elizabeth Community neighboring Queen Elizabeth National Park. The study was guide by three objectives that is Identifying the tourism activities that take place in and around Queen Elizabeth national park, establishing how these activities have contributed to the improvement of community livelihoods in Queen Elizabeth community and establishing the challenges associated with utilization of tourism resources to enhance community livelihood in Queen Elizabeth community. The study used a cross sectional survey that employed both qualitative and quantitative methods and these included questionnaires, documentary review and interviews that were administered by the researcher. The research used a questionnaire as a data collection technique given to 80 respondents from a population of 100 people neighboring Queen Elizabeth Park. The findings revealed a number of tourism activities in Queen Elizabeth National park including, Wild life research tours, Hiking/ nature walk and Cultural wears and dances, Launch trip place at kanzinga channel, Tucked beneath the shady canopy of Maramagambo forest. It was further established that people in engage in a number of activities including , Livestock farming, Provision of the effective information about different cultural activities. The study also found out that there are challenges affecting people in this area including land conflicts caused by displacements during park expansion is one of the greatest challenges impacting on their lives and stability of their businesses f activities they participate in. Local people also lack proper funding to run our tourism businesses. Language problem is another challenge since most of the tourists use foreign languages because they come from different regions. The results revealed a significant positive relationship between tourism development and local people livelihood. Tourism can be a source of poverty eradication; therefore the study recommends that if the government focuses on developing areas where these parks are such as infrastructure development, it can help improve businesses development and economic development of such areas.
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APA

MAGRET, N (2022). Impact of Tourism to Local Community in National Parks in Uganda. A Case Study of Queen Elizabeth National Park.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/impact-of-tourism-to-local-community-in-national-parks-in-uganda-a-case-study-of-queen-elizabeth-national-park

MLA 8th

MAGRET, NUWABINE "Impact of Tourism to Local Community in National Parks in Uganda. A Case Study of Queen Elizabeth National Park." Afribary. Afribary, 02 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/impact-of-tourism-to-local-community-in-national-parks-in-uganda-a-case-study-of-queen-elizabeth-national-park. Accessed 07 Aug. 2022.

MLA7

MAGRET, NUWABINE . "Impact of Tourism to Local Community in National Parks in Uganda. A Case Study of Queen Elizabeth National Park.". Afribary, Afribary, 02 Aug. 2022. Web. 07 Aug. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/impact-of-tourism-to-local-community-in-national-parks-in-uganda-a-case-study-of-queen-elizabeth-national-park >.

Chicago

MAGRET, NUWABINE . "Impact of Tourism to Local Community in National Parks in Uganda. A Case Study of Queen Elizabeth National Park." Afribary (2022). Accessed August 07, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/impact-of-tourism-to-local-community-in-national-parks-in-uganda-a-case-study-of-queen-elizabeth-national-park