Impact of vector control interventions on malaria transmission intensity, outdoor vector biting rates and Anopheles mosquito species composition in Tororo, Uganda

Abstract:

Background: Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying of insecticide (IRS) are widely recommended for the prevention of malaria in endemic regions. Data from human landing catches provide information on the impact of vector control on vector populations. Here, malaria transmission indoors and outdoors, before and after mass deployment of LLINs and IRS in Uganda was compared. Methods: The study took place in Tororo district, a historically high transmission area where universal LLIN distribution was conducted in November 2013 and May 2017 and 6 rounds of IRS implemented from December 2014 to July 2018. Human landing catches were performed in 8 houses monthly from October 2011 to September 2012 (preintervention period) and every 4 weeks from November 2017 to October 2018 (post-intervention period). Mosquitoes were collected outdoors from 18:00 to 22:00 h and indoors from 18:00 to 06:00 h. Female Anopheles were tested for the presence of Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites and species identifcation performed using gross dissection and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results: The interventions were associated with a decline in human biting rate from 19.6 to 2.3 female Anopheles mosquitoes per house per night (p
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APA

K., M (2024). Impact of vector control interventions on malaria transmission intensity, outdoor vector biting rates and Anopheles mosquito species composition in Tororo, Uganda. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/impact-of-vector-control-interventions-on-malaria-transmission-intensity-outdoor-vector-biting-rates-and-anopheles-mosquito-species-composition-in-tororo-uganda

MLA 8th

K., Musiime "Impact of vector control interventions on malaria transmission intensity, outdoor vector biting rates and Anopheles mosquito species composition in Tororo, Uganda" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/impact-of-vector-control-interventions-on-malaria-transmission-intensity-outdoor-vector-biting-rates-and-anopheles-mosquito-species-composition-in-tororo-uganda. Accessed 28 May. 2024.

MLA7

K., Musiime . "Impact of vector control interventions on malaria transmission intensity, outdoor vector biting rates and Anopheles mosquito species composition in Tororo, Uganda". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 28 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/impact-of-vector-control-interventions-on-malaria-transmission-intensity-outdoor-vector-biting-rates-and-anopheles-mosquito-species-composition-in-tororo-uganda >.

Chicago

K., Musiime . "Impact of vector control interventions on malaria transmission intensity, outdoor vector biting rates and Anopheles mosquito species composition in Tororo, Uganda" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 28, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/impact-of-vector-control-interventions-on-malaria-transmission-intensity-outdoor-vector-biting-rates-and-anopheles-mosquito-species-composition-in-tororo-uganda